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Impact of maternal and environmental factors in infant birth weight in Sidi Bel Abbes region(west of Algeria)

By: Moussaoui F, Demmouche A, Menadi N, Bouhadiba H, Mai H, Ferrag D, Khalloua Zine charaf, Bekhadda H, Benali AI, Ghani AEA

Key Words: Pregnancy, Environmental exposures, Environmental tobacco smoke, Birth weight.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 51-60, August 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.2.51-60

Certification: ijb 2019 0066 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Exposure to pollutants during pregnancy has been related to adverse birth outcomes. Fetal weight at birth is a major determinant of survival, physical growth and mental development of an infant.  A multifactorial inter-relationship exists between the environment in which pregnant mothers live and the growth of the fetus. Amongst these, cigarette smoking during pregnancy has been the leading environmental factor for adverse pregnancy outcome. Cigarette Smoking during pregnancy continues to be a significant public health concern. Studies on birth weight in Algeria have focused mainly on the biomedical risk factors and have largely ignored the influence the socio-cultural environment which encompasses maternal knowledge, beliefs, and practices during the prenatal period. Objective of this study is to examine the effects of maternal, socio cultural and environmental factors on the birth weight of infants in west Algeria. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effect of each factor. Low birth weight was defined as less than 2500 g. The sample included a total of 1640 data from December 2017 to March 2018 in Oran and Sidi Bel Abbes region (West of Algeria).  We identified 492 newborns (30% of the sample) with low birth weight. Results showed that smoking negatively affected birth weight data showed that means of birth weight is lower for active smoker women (p=0.0004). The study identified a number of maternal, socioeconomic and environmental factors that significantly influence low birth weight and suggested actions that would help reduce the risk factors of low birth weight.

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Impact of maternal and environmental factors in infant birth weight in Sidi Bel Abbes region(west of Algeria)

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Moussaoui F, Demmouche A, Menadi N, Bouhadiba H, Mai H, Ferrag D, Khalloua Zine charaf, Bekhadda H, Benali AI, Ghani AEA.
Impact of maternal and environmental factors in infant birth weight in Sidi Bel Abbes region(west of Algeria).
Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 51-60, August 2019.
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