International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Improving quality of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits CVS. Khalas and Sagae under different climate by spraying of date palm pollen grains extract

By: Darwesh Rasmia Sayed, Metwaly Hossam Aly Aly, Ghazzawy Hesham Sayed,

Key Words: Date palm, Extract, Fruits, Pollen grain, Quality

Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 56-69, March 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.3.56-69

Certification: ijb 2018 0275 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To improving fruits quality this work was done to utilize of the effective components of date palm pollen grains as amino acids, hormones, macro and micro elements, proteins, carbohydrates and fatty acids, thus date palm pollen grains extract as spraying was examined on the fruits of adult trees 10 years of date palm cultivars Khalas and Sagae cvs date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from two successive seasons under two different climate as Egypt and Saudi Arabia, two levels of date palm pollen grains extract 600 and 800 ppm as fruit set spraying at 10, 20, and 30 days after pollination. Physical and chemical characteristics fruits were determined, applications of date palm pollen grains performed physical and chemical estimations. A positive relation could be notice of physical parameters attributed, fruit length cm, weight, diameter and flesh weight of cvs. Khalas and Sagae in Egypt and Saudi Arabia under 800 ppm pollen extract, chemical estimation in terms of total sugars, reducing and non- reducing sugars %, TSS %, Proteins mg/g f.w. were increasing with 800 ppm pollen extract, meanwhile, two levels of pollen extract decreased fruits acidity for two cultivars in the two studied climate, greatest accumulated elements N, P, K, Mg %, Fe, Mn and Zn ppm were found for two cultivars in Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

| Views 90 |

Improving quality of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits CVS. Khalas and Sagae under different climate by spraying of date palm pollen grains extract

Abd El Moniem EA,  Abd-Allah ASE. 2008.  Effect of Green Alga Cells Extract as Foliar Spray on Vegetative Growth, Yield and Berries Quality of Superior Grapevines. American-Eurasian Journal Agricultural & Environmental. Sciences 4(4), 427-433

A.O.A.C. 1995.  Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C., USA.

Abd-Allah ASE, Abd El-Razek E, Mona Abdalla A, Saleh MMS. 2013. Effect of spraying Lemongrass extract at full bloom on yield and fruit quality of ‘Flame seedless’ grape. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 9(2), 1244-1248 Horticulture Crops & Technology Department.

Abed El-Azim MH, El-Mesalamy AM, Yassin, FA, Khalil SA. 2015.  Identification Phenolic and Biological Activities of Methanolic Extract of Date Palm Pollen (Phoenix dactylifera). Journal of Microbial Biochemical Technology 7(1).

Abd El-Ghany AA, Marwad IA, El-Samir A, El- Said BA. 2001. The effect of two yeast strains or their extraction on vines growth and cluster quality of ‘Thompson seedless’ grapevines. Assuit Journal of Agricultural Science  32, 214–224.

Abd El-Migeed MMM, Mostafa EAM, Ashour NE, Hassan HAS, Dorria M Mohamed, Saleh MMS. 2013. Effect of potassium and polyamine sprays on fruit set, fruit retention, yield and fruit quality of Amhat Date Palm. International Journal of Agricultural Research 8(2), 77-86.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijar.2013.77.86

Abd El-Razek E, Saleh MMS. 2012. Improve Productivity and Fruit Quality of Florida Prince Peach Trees Using Foliar and Soil Applications of Amino Acids. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research 12(8), 1165-1172.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2012.12.8.1861

Abou Dahab TAM, Nahed Abd El-Aziz G. 2006. Physiological Effect of Diphenylamin and Tryptophan on the Growth and Chemical Constituents of Philodendron erubescens Plants World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(1), 75-81 © IDOSI Publications, 2006.

Al-Jebori K. 2006. Effect of gibberellin and liquorice extract on fruit chemical characteristics of date palm fruits Phoenix dactylifera L. zahdi cv. Iraq academic, Al-Anbar University 1(4), 205-211  Department of Horticulture- College of Agriculture/University of Baghdad.

Al-Samarai AH, Al-Salihi FG,  Al-Samarai RR.  2016.  Phytochemical constituents and nutrient evaluation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) pollen grains.  Tikrit Journal of Pure Science 21(1),  56-62. Department of Chemistry, College of Education, Samara University, Samara, Iraq.

Alqurashi AD. 2011.  Effect of pollen grain-water suspension spray on fruit set, yield and quality of Helali. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.).  Journal of Applied Horticulture, 13(1), 44-47.

www. Horticulture research.

Al-Wasfy  MMM. 2014. Yield and fruit quality of Zaghloul date palm nin relation to using new technique of pollination. Stem. Cell 5(1), 14-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.7537/marsscj050114.03

Awad MA. 2010. Pollination of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. ‘Lulu’) with Pollen Grains Water Suspension. Proc. 4th Int. Date Palm Conference. Acta Hort. 882, ISHS 2010, 337-344.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4197/Met. 22-1.7

Ayad HS, Yousef ARM, El-Moursi A. 2011.  Improving fruit and oil quality of Picual olive through exogenous application of putrescine and stigmasterol. N.Y. Science Journal  4, 40-45.

www.sciencepub.net

Al-Khateeb AA,  Al-jabr AM, Al-jabr AM. 2006. Date Palm in Saudi Arabia. Date Palm Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia (in Arabic).

Bishr M, Samar YD.  2012.  Comparative Study of the Nutritional Value of Four Types of Egyptian Palm Pollens. Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences 2(2), 50-56.

Bradford MM. 1976.  A Rapid and Sensitive Method for the Quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principal of protein-Dye Binding. Analytical Biochemistry 72, 248-254.

Chen Y,  De Nobili M,  Avid T. 2004. Stimulatory effects of humic substances on plant growth. In: F. MAGDOFF; R. R. WEIL (Eds.): Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture, 103-129 CRC Press, New York, USA.

Darwesh Rasmia SS, Amal Zein El-Din FM,  Eman Zayed MM,  Gehan Salama MY. 2015. Inducing date palm somatic embryogenesis and plantlets growth using date palm pollen grains extract. Egypt Journal Hort. 42 (1): 389 – 403 Central Lab. For Date Palm Researches and Development, Agricultural Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Darwesh, Rasmia SS, Essam A, Madbolly,  Abd-El Hameed KH. 2015.  Influence Spraying Fruit Set and Soil Application on the Quality of Date Palm Fruits (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Cv. Sewi.   International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences (IJCEBS)   3(2), 183- 189  Central Lab. For Date Palm Researches and Development, Agricultural Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

Dinnoo YS, Boodia N,   Sembhoo C. 2009.  Effect of naturally occurring amino acid stimulants on the growth and yield of hot peppers (Capsicum annum L.). Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences 5(1),  414-424.

www.biosciences.elewa.org/JAPS

Dong S,  Cheng L, Scagel CF,  Fuchigami LH. 2005.  Timing of urea application affects leaf and root N uptake in young Fuji/M9 apple trees. Journal of Horticultural Science Biotechnology. 80, 116-120.

El-Kholy SA, Afify MM, Mazrou MM,  Morsy GA. 1994. Effect of Foliar Nutrition with Ferty- X Fertilizer on the Growth and Essential Oil Production. Menofiya Journal Agricultural Research 19(1-2),  449.

El-Salhy AM, El-Bana AA, Abdel-Galil HA, Ahmed EFS. 2010.  Effect of pollen grains suspensions spraying on yield and fruit quality of Saidy date palm. Acta Horticulture 882, 329-336   http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.882.37

Eissa EM. 2003. Effect of some biostimulants on vegetative growth yield and fruit quality of “Kelsey ” plum. Egypt Journal of Applied Science 18(5B), 175- 194

www.insipub.com/ajbas/2008/1432-1437.pdf

EL-Boray MS, Mostafa MF, Shaltout AD,  Hassan KH. 2015.  Influence of fulvic acid plus some microelements and microorganisms on yield and quality characteristics of superior seedless grapevines. Journal of Plant Production, Mansoura University 6(3), 287 -305.

www.SolidDocument.com

Enas Ali AM,   Sarrwy SMA, Hassan HSA. 2010.  Improving Canino Apricot Trees Productivity by Foliar Spraying with Polyamines. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 6(9), 1359-1365 © 2010, INSInet Publication.

Farouk A, Metwaly A,  Mohsen M. 2015. Chemical Composition and antioxidant activity of Date Palm pollen grains (Phoenix dactylifera L. Palmae) essential oil for Siwe Cultivar Cultivated in Egypt. Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences 5(4)  945-949. Flavor and Aromatic Chem. Dept., National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt. Current Research Web.

Ferrara G, Brunetti G. 2010.  Effects of the times of application of a soil humic acid on berry quality of table grape (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. italia. Spanish Journal Agricultural Research 8, 817-822.

www.inia.es/sjar

Ghnimi S,   Umer S,   Karim A,  Afaf Kamal-Eldin. 2016. Date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.): An underutilized food seeking industrial valorization. NFS Journal 6(2017), 1–10

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nfs.2016.12.001

Hassan Hazem MM. 2011.  Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Palm Pollen Grains. Global Journal of Biotechnology & Biochemistry 6(1), 01-07. © IDOSI Publications, 2011.

Jackson ML.  1973.  Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Inc. India.

Malaka Saleh A,  El- Shamma MS,  Omaima M Hafez,  Essam A Mostafa,  Naguib  MM. 2014. Improving Pollination Process of Samani Date Palm Cultivar Using the Bio-Activator Milagro Stimcrop. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 3(10), 1200-1209

www.sciencedomain.org

Malik AU, Singh Z. 2006.  Improved fruit retention, yield and fruit quality in mango with exogenous application of polyamines. Science Horticulture 110, 167-174

www.Springer.com

Mohammadi AH, Aboutalebi AH, Hassanzadeh H, Mohammadi M. 2008.  Effect of plant growth regulators on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Shahani date fruit. Journal of Research in Agricultural Sciences  4(2),  204-212.

Merwad MA, Mostafa EAM, Saleh MMS, Mansour AA. 2015.  Yield and fruit quality of Hayany date palm as affected by different pollen grain sources. International Journal of Chem Tech Research 8(6), 544-549.

www.sphinxsai.com

Molaie H, Panahi B,   Tajabadipour A. 2013. The effect of foliar application of some amino acid compounds on photosynthesis and yield of two commercial cultivars in pistachio orchards of Kerman province in Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5(23), 2827-2830

www.ijagcs.com

Mostafa MFM, El-Boray MS, Mostafa MF,  Hamed AA.  2007.   Effect of some bio stimulants on yield and berry qualities of grapevines.  Journal of Agricultural Science – 4744 Mansoura University 32 (6), 4729.

Mouco, MA do C, de Lima MAC,  Da Silva AL,  Dos Santos SCA,  Rodrigues FM,   Oostguyse SA. 2009.  Amino acids on mango yield and fruit quality at Submedio Sao Francisco Region, Brazil UNESP Institutional Repository. Viii International Mango Symposium. Leuven 1: Int Soc Horticultural Science   820, 437-442.

Nagai T, Inoue R, Inoue H, Suzuki N. 2002.  Scavenging capacities of pollen extracts from Cistus ladaniferus on autoxidation, superoxide radi­cals, hydroxyl radicals and DPPH radicals. Nutr Res 22, 519–26.

Naira Ashraf, Moieza Ashraf,  Hassan GH, Rehman MU, Dar NA, Inayat MK, Iqbal U,  Banday  SA. 2013.   Effect of foliar application of nutrients and biostimulant on nut quality and leaf nutrient status of pecan nut cv. “Western Schley”.  African Journal of Agricultural Research 8(6), 559-563.

https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR12.1685

Naseri B, Abdalhossein Aboutalebi A,   Khademi R. 2013. Effects of calcium and micro-nutrients amino chelate on quantity and quality of ‘Kabkab’ date fruit.  International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences 2(S2), 1302-1306.

www.ijfas.com

Omaima  Hafez M,  Nagwa SZ, Malaka Saleh A,  Mostafa EAM, El-Shamma MS. 2015.  Effect of the Bio-activator Milagro on Pollination Efficiency and Fruit quality of Zaghloul Date Palm Cultivar. International Journal of Chem. Tech. Research 8(4),  1502-1508

www.sphinxsai.com

Omaima Hafez M, Malaka Saleh A,  Mostafa EAM,  El- Shamma MS,  Maksoud MA. 2013.  Improving pollination efficiency, yield and fruit quality of two date palm cultivars using growth activator. International Journal of Agriculture Research 1-9.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijar.2013

Porter BN.  1993.  Sacred Trees, Date Palms, and the Royal Persona of Ashurnasirpal II, J.Near Eastern Stud. 52(2), 129–139.

Shales O,  Schales SS. 1945.  A simple method for the determination of glucose in blood. Arch. Biochem. 8, 285-289.

Soliman SS, ALEbidi  AI, AL-Saif  AM,   AL-Obeed  RS,  AL-Bahelly AN.  2017.   Impact of pollination by pollen grain- water suspension spray on yield and fruit quality of Sagae date palm cultivar (Phoenix dactylifera L.)  Pak. J. Bot., 49(1), 119-123. Plant Production Dept., College of Food & Agric.

Sciences, King Saud University,  Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Snedecor GW,  Cochran WG. 1990.  Statistical Methods. 11th Ed. Iowa State Univ., Press. Ames, Iowa, USA.

Talaat Iman M, Bekheta MA, Mona Mahgoub M. 2005.   Physiological response of periwinkle plants (Catharanthus roseus L.) to tryptophan and putrescine. International. Journal of Agriculture Biology 2, 210-213.

www.ijab.org

Darwesh Rasmia Sayed, Metwaly Hossam Aly Aly, Ghazzawy Hesham Sayed,.
Improving quality of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits CVS. Khalas and Sagae under different climate by spraying of date palm pollen grains extract.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 56-69, March 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/improving-quality-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-fruits-cvs-khalas-sagae-different-climate-spraying-date-palm-pollen-grains-extract/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update