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Incidence and prevalence of coccidiosis in different age group and contributory factor of coccidiosis in poultry farms of District Sahiwal, Punjab Pakistan

By: Qualab Naveed, Rani Faryal, Nargis Aasma Rani, Farooq Ahmad, Bilal Hussain, Qaisar Rashid

Key Words: Poultry, Coccidiosis, Factor, Age, Eimeria, Sahiwal, Prevalence.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 462-478, November 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.462-478

Certification: ijb 2019 0234 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Coccidiosis is caused by the genus Eimeria and nine species are known to occur in chicken, which are widely distributed throughout the world. Prevalence of Eimeria was 34.25% in district Sahiwal. In local poultry flocks, population of Eimeria consist of seven species. Study of local isolates indicated E tenella was most prominent species of Eimeria, followed by E acervulina. E mittis and E brunette were least prevalent species. From February 2013 to October 2017, 5700 gut & 5700 faecal samples of broiler and Layer chickens suspected for coccidiosis were collected. Fecal samples were collected in W shape path from each farm. Monthly highest incidences of coccidiosis were observed in August and September while in Jun lowest circulation of parasite was observed. Age group 2 was most prominent in outbreak of coccidiosis; in age group 2 prevalence of disease was 48.39%. Lowest mortality and sensitivity of infection was observed in age group 4. Rate of incidence in were 22.87% in good, 31.20% in Normal and 45.21% in poor management condition. Prevalence of coccidiosis was 76.23% and 22.39% of outbreaks were observed in layers. 55.81% of isolates collected from poultry farms having rice hulls was positive. Wood shavings were also used as bedding material and infestation rate of isolates from these samples was 43.65%. It revealed from data collected that by improving management numbers of outbreaks was reduced to half. Continue increase in commonness of disease was detected from 2013 to 2016, it decreases in 2017.

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Incidence and prevalence of coccidiosis in different age group and contributory factor of coccidiosis in poultry farms of District Sahiwal, Punjab Pakistan

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Qualab Naveed, Rani Faryal, Nargis Aasma Rani, Farooq Ahmad, Bilal Hussain, Qaisar Rashid.
Incidence and prevalence of coccidiosis in different age group and contributory factor of coccidiosis in poultry farms of District Sahiwal, Punjab Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(5), 462-478, November 2019.
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