International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Influence of foliar application of moringa leaf extract and humic acid on growth, yield and chemical composition of cucumber

By: Asad Ullah, Ata Ullah, Fazle Amin, Barkat Ali, Waqas Ahmad, Imtiaz Khan, Rahmatullah Khan, Fayaz Khan

Key Words: Ascorbic acid, Total soluble solids, Cucumis sativus.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 427-436, January 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.427-436

Certification: ijb 2019 0130 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

An experiment to study the influence of moringal eaf extracts (MLE) and humic acid (HA) foliar application on growth, yield and physico-chemical components of cucumber was carried out at the University of Agriculture Peshawar-Pakistan during 2016.Randomized complete block design with split plot arrangement having three replicates was used. Different levels of MLE (control, 30, 40 and 50gL-1) and HA concentrations (Control, 0.5, 1 and 1.5%) were applied for foliar application. Data were recorded on various yield and quality attributes. Statistical analysis showed that MLE and HA affected almost all the studied attributes, while the interaction was found non-significant. Results indicated that foliar application of MLE at the rate of 50 gL-1 gave maximum vine length (164.75 cm), single fruit weight (172.25 g),  fruit diameter (4.31 cm), total yield (40.93 tons ha-1),TSS (2.910Brix), titratable acidity (0.49%) and ascorbic acid content (5.79 mg 100g-1) with minimum days to first harvest (54.08) and fruit juice pH (5.36). whereas HA concentration, 1.5 %showed best performance in all the studied attributes as compared to other treatments. Maximum vine length (166.08 cm), single fruit weight (171.50 g), fruit diameter (4.37 cm), total yield (41.84 tons ha-1), TSS (2.83 0Brix), titratable acidity (0.48%), and ascorbic acid (6.00 mg 100g-1) with minimum days to first harvest (54.00) and fruit juice pH (5.27) were recorded using HA at the rate of 1.5%. It was concluded that 50 gL-1 MLE improved yield and chemical composition of cucumber, while 1.5% HA also showed best results.

| Views 82 |

Influence of foliar application of moringa leaf extract and humic acid on growth, yield and chemical composition of cucumber

Abbas T, Ahmad S, Ashraf M, Adnan M, Yasin M, Balal RM. 2013. Effect of humic and application at different growth stages of Kinnow mandarin (citrus reticulateblanco) on the basis of physio-biochemical and reproductive responses. Academia Journal of Biotechnology 1(1), 014-020.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15413/ajb.2012.0106

Abdel FH, Boshra G, Sayed AE, Shahin SM. 2008. The role of humic acid in reducing the harmful effect of irrigation with saline water on tifway turf. Journal of Biological Chemistry and Environmental Sciences 3(1), 75-89.

Akhtar ME, Khan MZ, Rashis MT, Ahsan Z,  Ahmad S. 2010. Effect of potash application on yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 1695–1702.

Alloway BJ. 2004. Zinc in Soils and Crop Nutrition. International Zinc Association Brussels, Belgium (accessed 11.04.14.). Website, http://www.zinc-crops.org/

Ashraf MY, Yaqub M, Akhtar J, Khan MA, Ebert G. 2012. Control of excessive fruit drop and improvement in yield and juice quality of Kinnow (Citrus deliciosa × Citrus nobilis) through nutrient management. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 259–265.

Azra Y. 2011. Exploring the Potential of moringa (Moringaoleifera) Leaf Extract as Natural Plant Growth Enhancer. Ph.D. Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Balibrea MA, Martínez-Andújar C, Cuartero J, Bolarín MC, Pérez-Alfocea F. 2006. The high fruit soluble sugar content in wild Lycopersicon species and their hybrids with cultivars depends on sucrose import during ripening rather than on sucrose metabolism. Functional Plant Biology 33, 279-288.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP05134

Barciszweski J, Siboska G, Rattan SIS, Clark BFC. 2000. Occurrence, biosynthesis and properties of kinetin (N6-furfuryladenine). Plant Growth Regulation 32, 257-265.

Biondi FA, Figholia A, Indiati R, Izza C. 1994. Effects of fertilization with humic acids on soil and plant metabolism: a multidisciplinary approach. NoteIII: phosphorus dynamics and behaviour of some plant enzymatic activities. In humic Substances in the Global Environment and Implications on Human Health, ed. Senesi N and Miano TM. Elsevier, New York, p 239-244.

Carvajal M, Martinez-Sanchez F, Alcaraz CF. 1995. Improvement of fruit colour quality of paprika combined treatments of Ti (IV) and humic acids. Acta Alimentaria 24, 321-329.

Dogan E, Demir K. 2004. Determination of yield and fruit characteristics of tomato crop grown in humic acids-added aggregate culture in greenhouse condition. VI. National Vegetable Symposium 21-24 September, Canakkale, Turkey, 218-224.

Dyer D, Cotterman D, Kerr PS, Carlson DR. 1990. Cytokinins as metabolic stimulants which induce pod set. Plant Growth Substances Springer Verlag, p 67-70.

El-Hamied SAA, El-Amary EI. 2015. Improving growth and productivity of pear trees using some natural plants extracts under north Sinai conditions. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 8, 01–09.

El-Razek EA, Abd-Allah ASE, Saleh MMS. 2012. Yield and fruit quality of ‘Florida Prince’ peach trees as affected by foliar and soil application of humic acid. Journal of Applied Sciences Research 8(12), 5724-5729.

Foidle N, Makkar HPS, Becker K. 2001. The potential of Moringaoleifera for agricultural and industrial uses. In: L.J. Fugile (ED.), the miracle tree: the multipurpose attributes of Moringa. CTA publications Wageningen, The Netherlands, p 45–76.

Fuglie LJ. 2000. New uses of moringa studied in Nicaragua: ECHO’s Techincal Network Site-networking global hunger solution ECHO, Nicaragua. Gaborone. Botswana.

Hafez OM, El-Metwally IM. 2007. Efficiency of zinc and potassium spray alone or in combination with some weed control treatments on weed growth, yield and fruit quality of Washington Navel oranges. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. Egypt. 3, 613-621.

Helgi O, Rolfe SA. 2005. The Physiology of Flowering Plants. 4thEdn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK., p 392.

Hussein SG, Abbaro MB. 1997. The influence of prunings of Leucaena leucocephala and Eucalyptus microtheca used as green manure mulch on growth and yield of fodder sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Science 5, 106-114.

Jan MT, Shah, Hoolinton PA, Khan MJ, Sohail Q. 2009. Agriculture research: Design and analysis. Dept. Agronomy, KPK Agriculture University Peshawar, Pakistan.

Jason P. 2013. Pepe’s fruit trees, response of sweet bell pepper to moringa leaf extract and organo-bio degradable fertilizer. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3(4), 117-123.

Jyotsna V, Srivastava AK. 1998, Physiological basis of salt stress resistance in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.)-II, Pre-sowing seed soaking treatment in regulating early seedling metabolism during seed germination. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 25, 89-94.

Kato C, Kato H, Asami T, Yoshida TH, Noda H, Kamada S, Satoh. 2002. Involvement of xylem sap zeatin-O-glucoside in cucumber shoot greening plant physiology and Biochemistry 40(11), 949-995.

Kazemi M. 2014. Effect of foliar application of humic acid and calcium chloride on tomato growth. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology Life Sciences 3(3), 41-46.

Khan AS, Nasir M, Malik AU, Basra SMA, Jaskani MJ. 2015. Combined application of boron and zinc influence the leaf mineral status, growth, productivity and fruit quality of ‘Kinnow’ mandarin (Citrus nobilis Lour × Citrus deliciosa Tenora). Journal of Plant Nutrition 38, 821–838.

Larcher W. 2003. Physiological plant ecology: Ecophysiology and stress physiology functional groups, 4th Edition, Springer, New York.

Mahmoudi M, Samavat S, Mostafavi M, Khalighi A, Cherati A. 2013. The effects of proline and humic acid on quantitative properties of kiwi fruit. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences 6(8), 1117-1119.

Marcu MG. 2005. Miracle tree. K.O.S. Health publication, Canada, p 108-115.

Mengel K. 1997. Impact of potassium on crop yield and quality with regard to economical and ecological aspects. International Potash Institute, Bornova, Turkey, p 157-174.

MINNFSR. 2015. Fruits, vegetables, and condiments statistics of Pakistan, Ministry of National Food Security and Research. Economic wing, Islamabad, p 21-22.

Nagar PK, Leyer RI, Sircar PK. 2006. Cytokinins in developing of pear Gaertn. Physiologia Plantarum 55, 45-50.

Nambiar VS, Mehta R, Daniel M. 2005. Polyphenol content of three Indian green leafy vegetables. Journal of Food Science and Technology 42(6), 312-315.

Nasira M, Khan AS, Basra SMA, Malik AU. 2016. Foliar application of moringa leaf extract, potassium and zinc influence on yield and fruit quality of ‘kinnow’ mandarin. Scientia Horticulturae. 210, 227-235.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2016.07.032

Nasiri Y, Zehtab-Salmasi S, Nasrullahzadeh S, Najafi N, Ghassemi-Golezani K. 2010. Effects of foliar application of micronutrients (Fe and Zn) on flower yield and essential oil of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.). Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(17), 1733- 1737.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/JMPR10.083

Neri EM, Lodolini G, Savini P, Sabbatini G, Zucconi F. 2002. Foliar application of humic acids on Strawberry cv. Onda. Acta Horticulturae 594, 297-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2002.594.35

Njoku OU, Adikwu MU. 1997. Investigation on some physico-chemical antioxidant and toxicological properties of Moringa oleifera seed oil. Acta Pharmaceutica 47(4), 287-290.

Prabhu M, Kumar AR, Rajamani K. 2010. Influence of different organic substances on growth and herb yield of Orange (Washington Novel). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 44, 48–52.

Prince ML. 2000.The moringa tree. ECHO, 17391 Durrance Rd., North Ft. Myers FL 33917, USA., p 78-92.

Ramezani S, Shekafandeh A. 2011. Influence of Zn and K sprays on fruitand pulp growth in olive (Olea europaea L. Cv. ‘Amygdalifolia’). Iran Agricultural Research 30, 1-10.

http://dx.doi.org/10.22099/iar.2012.489

Reuther W. 1973. The citrus industry. University of California, Division of Agricultural Science., U. S. A.

Sani B. 2013. Foliar applicator of humic acid on plant height in canola. APCBEE. 8(1), 82-86.

Sheren A, El-Hamied A, El-Amary I. 2015. Improving growth and productivity of “Pear” trees using some natural plants extracts under North Sinai conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science ISSN: 2319-2380, p-ISSN: 2319-2372.

Smirnoff N. 1996. The function and metabolism of ascorbic acid in plants. Annals of Botany 78, 661–669.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg079

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 2006. Auxin: The Growth Hormone. In: Plant Physiology. 4th edition, Sinauer Associates, Inc. Sunderland, p 467-504.

Thanaa SHM, Kassim NE, Abou Rayya MS,  Abdalla AM. 2017. Influence of Foliar Application with moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) Leaf Extract on Yield and Fruit Quality of Hollywood Plum Cultivar Journal of Horticulture 4, 193.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2376-0354.1000193

Toor RK, Geoffrey PS, Annuschka H. 2006. Influence of different types of fertilizers on the major antioxidant component of tomatoes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19, 20-27.

Vasilenko V. 2002. Hydroponcs and humates: Ancient acid for modern agriculture, the best of the growing edge international select cream of the crop articles for soilless growers. New moon publishing 375-375.

Vaughan D, McDonald IR. 1976. Some effects of humic acid on cation uptake by parenchyma tissue. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 8(5), 415-421.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(76)90043-2

Vimala P, Ting CC, Salbiah H, Ibrahim B, Ismail L. 1999. Biomass production and nutrient yields of four green manures and their effect on the yield of cucumber. Journal of Tropical Agriculture and food Science 27, 47-56.

Wang YH, Thomas CE, Dean RA. 1997. A genetic map of melon (Cucumis melo L.) based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95, 791-798.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001220050627

Yaseen M, Arshad M, Khalid A. 2006. Effect of acetylene and ethylene gases released from encapsulated calcium carbide on growth and yield of wheat and cotton. Pedobiologia 50, 405-411.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedobi.2006.08.002

Yasmeen A. 2011. Exploring the Potential of moringa (Moringa oleifera) Leaf Extract as Natural Plant Growth Enhancer PhD Thesis. University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Yildirim E. 2007. Foliar and soil fertilization of humic acid affect productivity and quality of tomato. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B – Soil and Plant Science 57, 182–186.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09064710600813107

Zachariakis A, Tzorakakis E, Kritsotakis I, Siminis CI, Manios V. 2001. Humic substance stimulate plant growth and nutrient accumulation in grapevine rootstocks. Acta Horticulturae 549, 131-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.549.14

Zekri M, Obreza TA. 2009. Plant Nutrients for Citrus Trees. UF/IFAS extension service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida, USA.

Asad Ullah, Ata Ullah, Fazle Amin, Barkat Ali, Waqas Ahmad, Imtiaz Khan, Rahmatullah Khan, Fayaz Khan.
Influence of foliar application of moringa leaf extract and humic acid on growth, yield and chemical composition of cucumber.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 427-436, January 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/influence-foliar-application-moringa-leaf-extract-humic-acid-growth-yield-chemical-composition-cucumber/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update