International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Influence of physico-chemical parameters on the occurrence of parasites in the freshwater snails in the endemic areas of lanao del norte

By: Ferlyn V. Logronio

Key Words: Freshwater snails, habitat, parasite infection, pH, snail ecosystem.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 23-33, September 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.3.23-33

Certification: ijb 2020 0029 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The correlation between the level of infection of the freshwater snails (infected with cercariae, infected with other parasites and non-infected) and physico-chemical parameters (pH, temperature, total dissolved solids, altitude, number of plant species and water depth) were studied at 30 areas composing four sites in Lanao del Norte from April 2017 – August 2018. In situ determinations of the parameters were done prior to the explorative investigative malacological sampling. The snails were cleaned and brought to the laboratory for microscopy to identify the parasites they harbored. ANOVA showed that pH, number of plant species and temperature significantly varied among the sampling sites. Consequently, the different levels of infection also had significant variation. Correlation analysis between pH and infected snails showed a negative correlation and a positive correlation to non-infected. Temperature showed a positive correlation to the infected and negative correlation to the non-infected. Number of plant species showed negative correlation to all levels of infection. Regression analysis showed a strong positive correlation between the pH and the non-infected snails. This finding can be in agreement to the previous studies conducted that the pH had a significant role in the metabolic activities of the snails further influencing their physiological response to parasite infection. Nevertheless, the importance of the other physico-chemical parameters used in this study cannot be discounted. They were part and parcel of the complex interplay of the habitat factors that may or may not affect the level of infection in the freshwater snails.

| Views 56 |

| Views 56 |

Influence of physico-chemical parameters on the occurrence of parasites in the freshwater snails in the endemic areas of lanao del norte

Abe E, Ombugadu A, Oluwole A, Njila H, Mogaji H, Adeniran A, Guo Y, Li S,  Zhou X, Ekpo U. 2017. Population abundance and bionomics of snail intermediate hosts of trematode parasites in nasarawa state, nigeria. Research Journal of Parasiltology 12, 8-18.

Alhassan A, Balarabe M, Gadzama I. 2016. Assessment of some heavy metals in macobenthic invertebrate and water samples collected from kubanni reservoir zaria, nigeria. FUW Trends in Science and Technology Journal 1, 55-60.

Alhassan A, Balarabe M, Gadzama I, Ramatu S, Wada Y, Yusuf A. 2017. Influence of physico-chemical parameters on the intermediate host of Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni in makwaye and kuban reserviors, zaria, nigeria. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research 4, 363-370.

Anderson T, Sukhdeo M. 2010. Abiotic versus biotic hierarchies in the assembly of parasite populations. Parasitology 137, 743-54.

Banhela N, Taylor M, Zulu S, Strabo L, Kjetland E, Gunnar S. 2017. Environmental factors influencing the distribution and prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium in school attenders of Ilembe and uThungulu Health Districts, KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 32, 132-137.

Camargo E, Camargo J, Neves M, Simoes L, Bastos L, Magalhaes L, Zanotii-Magalhaes E. 2015. Assessment of the impact of changes in temperature in Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) melanic and albino variants infected with Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907). Brazilian Journal of Biology 77, 490-494.

Caron Y, Rondelaud D, Losson B. 2008. The Detection and quantification of a digeanean infection in the snails host with special emphasis on Fasciola sp. Parasitology Research 103.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-008-1086-1.

Casavechia M, Noguira de Melo G, Fernandes A, De Castro K, Pedroso R, Santos T, Teixeira J. 2017. Systematic review and meta-analysis on schistosoma mansoni infection prevalence, and associated risk factors in Brazil. Parasitology 145, 1000-1014. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182017002268.

Chontananarth T, Tejangkura T, Wetchasart N, Chimburut C. 2017. Morphological characteristics and phylogenetic trends of trematode cercariae in freshwater snails from nakhon nayok province, thailand. Korean Journal of Parasitology 55, 47-54.

Coelho J, Bezerra F. 2006. The effects of temperature change on the infection rate of Biomphalaria glabrata with Schistosoma mansoni. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Jeniero 101, 223-224.

Farahnak A, Setodeh S, Mobedi I. 2005. A faunistic survey of cercariae isolated from melanoides tuberculata and their role in transmission diseases. Archives of Razi Institute 59, 113-119.

Frandsen F, Christensen N. 1984. An Introductory guide to the identification of cercariae from African freshwater snails with special reference to cercariae of trematode species of medical and veterinary importance. Acta Tropica 41, 181-202.

Hassell J, Begon M, Ward M, Fevre E. 2016. Urbanization and disease emergence: dynamics at the wildlife-livestock-human interface. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31, 1-13.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2016.09.012.

Kalinda C, Chimbari M, Mukaratirwa S. 2017. Implications of changing temperatures on the growth, fecundity and survival of intermediate host snails of schistosomiasis: a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14, 1-18.

Karesh W, Dobson A, Lloyd-Smith J, Lubroth J, Dixon M, Benneth M, Aldrich S, Harrington T, Formenty P, Loh E, Machalaba C, Thomas M,  Heymann D. 2012. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories. Lancet 380, 1936-1945.

Knight M, Elhelu O, Smith M, Haugen B, Miller A, Taghavan N, Wellman C, Cousin C, Dixon F, Mann V, Rinaldi G, Ittiprasert W, Brindley P. 2015. Susceptibility of snails to infection with schistosomes is influenced by temperature and expression of heat shock proteins. Epidemiology 5, 189.

Lenihan H, Micheli F, Shelton S, Peterson C. 1999. The influence of multiple environmental stressors on susceptibility to parasites: an experimental determination with oysters. Limnology and Oceanography 44, 910-924.

McCreesh N, Brooth M. 2014. The effect of simulating different intermediate host snail species on the link between water temperature and schistosomiasis risk. PLOS ONE 9, 1-7.

McDevitt-Galles T, Calhoun M, Johnson P. 2018. Parasite richness and abundance within aquatic macroinvertibrates: testing the roles of host- and habitat-level factors. Ecosphere 9, 1-22.

https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2188.

McMichael A, Confalonieri U. 2018. Environment, climate change, social factors, and the implications for controlling infectious diseases of poverty. Global Report for Research on Infectious Diseases of Poverty. Accessed from: www.who.int/tdr/capacity/global_report/2012/chapitre2_web.pdf.

Mohammed N, Madsen H, Ahmed A. 2016. Types of trematodes infecting freshwater snails found in irrigation canals in the East Nile locality, Khartoum, Sudan. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 5, 1-10.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-016-0108-y.

Morley N, Adam M, Lewis J. 2010. The effects of host size and temperature on the emergence of Echinoparyphium recurvatum cercariae from Lymnaea paregra under natural light conditions. Journal of Helminthology 84, 317-326.

Pila E, Li H, Hambrock J, Wu X, Hanington P. 2017. Schistosomiasis from a snail’s perspective: advances in snail immunity. Trends in Parasitology 33, 845-857.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pt.2017.07.006

Puinyabati H, Shomorendra M, Kar D. 2013. Correlation of water’s physico-chemical characteristics and trematode parasites of Channa punctata (Bloch) in Awangsoi Lake, Manipur, India.  Journal of Applied and Natural Science 5, 190-193.

Usman A, Babeker E, Malann Y. 2017. Effects of some physico-chemical parameters on the prevalence of intermediate host of animal trematodes in bauchi state, nigeria. Science World Journal 12, 94-97.

Utzinger J, Mayombana C, Mez K, Tanner M. 1997. Evaluation of chemical and physical-morphological factors as potential determinants of biomphalaria pfeifferi. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Jeniero 92, 323-328.

Wang W, Wang A, Chen L, Liu Y, Sun R. 2002. Effects of pH on survival, phosphorus concentration, adenylate energy charge and Na-K+ ATPase activities of Penaeus chinensis osbeck juveniles. Aquatic Toxicology 60, 75-83.

Ferlyn V. Logronio.
Influence of physico-chemical parameters on the occurrence of parasites in the freshwater snails in the endemic areas of lanao del norte.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(3), 23-33, September 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/influence-physico-chemical-parameters-occurrence-parasites-freshwater-snails-endemic-areas-lanao-del-norte/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update