International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Investigation of hematological and blood biochemical parameters in guinea fowl of Korhogo, Côte D’Ivoire

By: Baudouin Angoua Kokore, Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere, Soualio Kamagate, Paul Angoué Yapo

Key Words: Guinea fowl, Haematology, Serum Biochemistry, Parameters.

Int. J. Biosci. 18(6), 176-183, June 2021.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/18.6.176-183

Certification: ijb 2021 0248 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Hematological and biochemical blood analyzes have been widely used as indicators to assess animal health status. Data on hematological and biochemical blood parameters of several avian species have been studied in temperate climates, but studies of birds in our tropical environment are rare. The objective of this study is to explore the hematological and biochemical blood parameters of guinea fowl intended for consumption in the city of Korhogo. To do this, a venous blood sample was taken from 32 apparently healthy guinea fowl (17 males and 15 females) for blood count and biochemical tests. At the hematological level, mean values of red blood cells, white blood cells, pack cell volume, mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin were 3.02±0.11×1012/L, 4.44±0.63×109/L. 27.28±1.02%, 123.99±4.95 fl, 38.79±1.83 pg respectively. They were higher in females than in males without significant difference. The mean hemoglobin of 09.98±0.41 g/dL is the same for both sexes. In terms of biochemistry, mean levels of glucose, total protein, aspartate amino-transferase, uric acid, calcium and phosphorus were 2.82±0.10 g/L, 4.88±0.46 g/L, 83.34±16.45 IU/L, 1.41±0.25 mg/dL, 6.16±0.55 mg/dL and 5.42±0.05 mg/dL respectively. These parameters did not differ significantly by gender. Except for pack cell volume, uric acid and calcium, all hematological and serum biochemical values were within the general reference range of avian.

| Views 21 |

| Views 21 |

Investigation of hematological and blood biochemical parameters in guinea fowl of Korhogo, Côte D’Ivoire

Adedibu I, Ayorinde KL, Abdulraheem AM. 2014. Identification of Hematological Markers Suitable for Improving Productivity of Helmeted Guinea Fowl Numida meleagris. American Journal of

Experimental Agriculture 4(10), 1186-1196.

http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/AJEA/2014/10066

Adeyemi OA, Fasina OE, Balogun MO. 2000. Utilization of full fat jatropha seeds in broiler diet: Effect on haematological parameters and blood chemistry. Proc. 25th Conf. Nigerian Soc. Anim. Prod.held at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria, March 1923, p 108-109

Ali ZS, Obese FY, Naazie A, Abdul-Rahman II,  Ayizanga RA. 2019. Effect of Age and Sex on Haematological Profiles in Indigenous Helmeted Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris) in the Guinea Savannah Zone of Ghana. Journal of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science 3(1), 14-19.

http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/24121

Coles EH. 1986. Veterinary clinical pathology. 4th Ed. W. B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia. USA.

Coles BH. 2005. Avian medicine and surgery. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK. 59-79.

Christev C, Nickolova M, Penkov D, Ivanova R, Abadjieva  D, Grigorova S. 2011. Investigation of the effect of tribulus terrestris extract on the main biochemical and haematological indices of the blood in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris), Journal of Central European Agriculture 12(1), 16-26,

http://dx.doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/12.1.875.

Donaldson J, Madziva MT, Erlwanger KH. 2017. Metabolic health of guinea fowl and muscovy ducks fed a high-fat diet. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 12, 274-283.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajava.2017.274.283

Graczyk S, Pliszczak-Krol A, Kotonski B, Willzek J, Chmielak Z. 2003. Examination of haematological and metabolic changes mechanisms of acute stress in Turkeys. Electronic Journal Polish Agriculture and University Veterinary Medicine 6, 1-10. http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume6/issue1/veterinary/art-05.html

Gross WB, Siegel HS. 1983. Evaluation of the Heterophil/Lymphocyte Ratio as a Measure of Stress in Chickens 27(4), 972-979.

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1590198

Habibu B, Ikira NM, Ibrahim M, Buhari HU, Kawu MU, Yaquband LS, Aluwong T. 2016. Effect of Dietary Combination of Probiotics and Prebiotic on Performance Indices and Haematological Parameters in Pearl Guinea Fowls. Journal of Animal Research 6(1), 7-13.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/2277-940X.2016.00002.4

Harr KE. 2006. Diagnostic value of biochemistry. In: Clinical avian medicine. Harrison G.J., and Lightfoot T.L., eds. Spix Publishing, Palm Beach, FL. 611-629.

Hochleithner M. 2013. Biochemistries. In: Avian medicine online, by Harrison’s bird foods: 223-245. www.avianmedicine.net/publication/chapter11- biochemistries/ access 15/12/2020

Hrubec TC, Whichard JM, Larsen CT, Pierson FW. 2002. Plasma versus serum: Specific differences in biochemical analytic values. Journal of Avian Medicine Surgery 16(2), 101-105.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1647/1082-6742(2002)016[0101:PVSSDI]2.0.CO;2

Khan TA, Zafar F. 2005. Haematology study in response to varying doses of estrogen in broiler chicken. International Journal of Poultry Science 4(10), 748-751.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2005.748.751

King SN, Ntombi BM, Mazuku M. 2010. Indices of Health; Clinical Haematology Body Weights of Free-range Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris) from the Southern Province of Zambia, December 2010International Journal of Poultry Science 9(12), 1083-1086.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2010.1083.1086

Kokoré AB, Kamagate S, Bleyere NM, YAPO AP. 2021a. Hematological profile of broilers and local chickens in Korhogo, Cote D’ivoire. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Bioresearch 6(2), 14-23.

http://dx.doi.org/10.35410/IJAEB.2021.5618

Kokore AB, Bleyere NM, Kamagate S, YAPO PA. 2021b. Blood Biochemical Parameters Exploration in Broilers and Local Chickens in Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine 9(2), 82-86.

http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajfn-9-2-4

Koné GA, Kouassi GF, Kouakou NDV, Kouba M. 2018. Diagnostic of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) farming in Ivory Coast. Poultry science 97(12), 4272-4278.

https://doi.org/10.3382/ps/pey290

Kone S, Danho T. 2008. Revue du secteur avicole, Côte d’Ivoire. FAO, Rome, Italy.

http://www.fao.org/3/a-ak072f.pdfaccess 05/05/2021

Mishra S, Kataria JM, Sah RL, Verma KC,  Mihra JP. 2002. Studies on the pathogenicity of Newcastle disease virus isolate in guinea fowl. Tropical Animal Health and Production 33, 313-320. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1010588003281.

Muhammad NO, Oloyede OB. 2009. Haematological Parameters of Broiler Chicks Fed Aspergillus niger – Fermented Terminalia catappa Seed Meal-Based Diet. Global Journal of Biotechnology & Biochemistry 4(2), 179-183, 2009.

http://dx.doi.org/10.gjbb4(2)09/17.pdf

Musundire MT, Halimani TE, Chimonyo M. 2017. Physical and chemical properties of meat from scavenging chickens and helmeted guinea fowls in response to age and sex. British Poultry Science 58(4), 390-396.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00071668.2017.1313961

Nguyen QC, Tran PTT. 2003. Study on some Biological Characteristics of Local Chicken Breeds. Ri, Ac, Ho and Dongtao, Special Scientific Papers, Vietnam, Nien-Vietnam 1, 24-34.

Nikolov B, Manov V, Pepovich R, Mehmedov T, Hristov K, Genova K, Nikolova E, Petrova R, Georgieva A, Kril A. 2017. Hematological and blood biochemistry parameters of guinea fowls in early stage of nitrosodiethylamineinduced hepatocarcinogenesis. Tradition and Modernity in Veterinary Medicine 2(3), 27-32.

Obinna OVM, Ogundu UE, Ogbuewu IP, Obikaonu H, Emenyonu C. 2011. Effect of sex and systems of production on the hematological and serum biochemical characters of helmeted guinea fowls (Numida meleagris pallas) in South Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Biosciences 1(3), 51-56.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1.1.735.1403&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Olayemi FO. 2009. Haematological Changes in Guinea Fowls (Numida meleagris galeata, Pallas) Following Haemorrhage. International Journal of Poultry Science 8(11), 1093-1095.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2009.1093.1095

Olowookorun MO, Ayeni JS, Aire TA. 1980. Plasma Glucose and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels in Guinea‐Fowls (Numida meleagris) and Nigerian Domestic Fowls (Gallus domesticus).

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0442.1980.tb01875.x

Onyeanusi BI. 2007. Calcium and Phosphorus Levels in Nigerian Guinea Fowls. International Journal of Poultry Science 6(8), 610-611.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2007.610.611

Oyewale JO. 2011. Blood: different strokes for different animals, Ibadan University Press Publishing House University of Ibadan lbadan, Nigeria. 26-31.

Penkov D, Arnaudov A, Nikolova M. 2019. Dynamics of some basic blood indices in guinea fowl (n. meleagris) depending on the egg laying period. Trakia Journal of Sciences 4, 323-328.

http://dx.doi.org/10.15547/tjs.2019.04.005

Ritchie BW, Harrison JG, Harrison RL. 1994. Avian Medicine, Winger’s Publishing, Inc, Florida.

Straková E, Pavel S, Romana K, František V, Ivan H. 2010. Values of Selected Haematological Indicators in Six Species of Feathered Game, Acta Veterinaria Brno 79, S3–S8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2754/avb201079S9S003.

Swenson MJ. 2004. The composition and functions of blood. In: Reece WO (ed). Duke’s Physiology of Domestic Animals. 12th ed. Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press. Ithaca and London. 26-51.

Tjetjoo SU, Moreki JS, Nsoso SJ, Madibela OR. 2013. Growth Performance of Guinea Fowl Fed Diets Containing Yellow Maize, Millet and White Sorghum as Energy Sources and Raised under Intensive System. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 12(4), 306-312.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2013.306.312

Todini L. 2007. Thyroid hormones in small ruminants: effects of endogenous, environmental and nutritional factors. Animal 1, 997-1008.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731107000262

Uko OJ, Ataja AM. 1996. Haematological studies of pure indigenous domestic fowl (Gallus domesficus) and guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) in North-West Nigeria, Revue d’élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux 49(3), 257-262.

https://doi.org/10.19182/remvt.9523

Weideman MA, Chivandi E, Erlwanger KH. 2012. Glucose Tolerance and Lipid Absorption in Guinea Fowl (Numida meleagris) and Domestic Fowl (Gallus gallus var. domesticus). Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 7, 653-663.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajava.2012.653.663

Yamak US, Sarica M, Boz MA, Ucar A. 2016. Growth traits of guinea fowl in different production systems. Scientific Papers, Series D. Animal Science 59, 65-68.

Zeryehun T, Bejo MH, Rasedee A. 2012. Biochemical changes in specific pathogen free chicks infected with infectious bursal disease virus of malaysian isolate. Global Veterinaria 8(1), 8-14.

http://idosi.org/gv/GV8(1)12/2.pdf

Baudouin Angoua Kokore, Nahounou Mathieu Bleyere, Soualio Kamagate, Paul Angoué Yapo.
Investigation of hematological and blood biochemical parameters in guinea fowl of Korhogo, Côte D’Ivoire.
Int. J. Biosci. 18(6), 176-183, June 2021.
https://innspub.net/ijb/investigation-of-hematological-and-blood-biochemical-parameters-in-guinea-fowl-of-korhogo-cote-divoire/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update