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Morphological characterization of four peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties under Lal-lo, Cagayan condition: Its phenotypic changes to type II climate of the Philippines

By: Angelina T. Gonzales, Marissa Isnec

Key Words: Branching pattern. Constriction, Elliptic, Glabrous, Lanceolate, Pod beak, Pod reticulation, Stem pigmentation

Int. J. Biosci. 14(6), 399-406, June 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.6.399-406

Certification: ijb 2019 0167 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The study was conducted to characterize the four peanut varieties during wet season with type II climatic condition in terms of its morphological characteristics. The treatments used were: T1 – Luna Seeded, T2 – BPIPn9, T3 – NSICPn11, T4 – NSICPn17. These were randomly allocated in the different plots following the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The results of the study are: (1) erect growth habit, stem pigmentation, glabrous type of hairiness, alternate types of branching pattern, opposite leaf arrangement, yellow-orange flower color in all varieties were noticed; (2) leaflet shape: luna Seeded and NSIC11 exhibited elliptic while BPI Pn9 and NSIC17 exhibited lanceolate; (3) leaf color: luna Seeded and NSIC17 exhibited a dark-green while BPI Pn 9 and NSIC 11 exhibited light-green (3) pod Beak.: Luna Seeded and BPI Pn 9 exhibited prominent types, however, NSIC 11 and NSIC 17 has slight type; (3) pod constriction: Luna Seeded, BPI Pn 9 and NSIC 17 exhibited prominent types, while NSIC 11 has a moderate type (4) pod reticulation: Luna Seeded, BPI Pn 9 and NSIC 11 gave prominent types, however, NSIC 17 has a slight type; and (5) primary seed color: pink were predominantly noticed in Luna Seeded, BPI Pn9 and NSIC17, while NSIC11 has a tan seed color. The four peanut varieties are suitable under type II climatic condition. However, it is important that genetic purity and viability of the germplasm is maintained as a separate activity of agricultural R & D agencies.

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Morphological characterization of four peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties under Lal-lo, Cagayan condition: Its phenotypic changes to type II climate of the Philippines

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Angelina T. Gonzales, Marissa Isnec.
Morphological characterization of four peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties under Lal-lo, Cagayan condition: Its phenotypic changes to type II climate of the Philippines.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(6), 399-406, June 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/morphological-characterization-four-peanut-arachis-hypogaea-l-varieties-lal-lo-cagayan-condition-phenotypic-changes-type-ii-climate-philippines/
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