International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Nutritional composition of house fly larvae (Musca domestica) reared on different mixture ratio of cattle blood with organic wastes

By: Lailatul Ferdousi, Nahid Sultana, Ummey Hafsa Bithi, Sharmin Akter Lisa, Nasima Momtaz, Md. Mamunur Rashid, Md. Badrul Islam

Key Words: Cattle blood, Housefly, Maggot, Protein, Organic waste.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(6), 518-527, December 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.6.518-527

Certification: ijb 2020 0128 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Cattle blood is an animal byproduct enriched with protein and minerals. However, the improper management of cattle blood has a bad impact on the environment and human health. This study was aimed to analyze the nutritional content of housefly larvae including proximate, mineral and fatty acid compositions reared on different mixture ratios of cattle blood with cattle manure and vegetable wastes. The experimental diets of housefly larvae were: T1 (1:3:1), T2(2:2:1) and T3(1:1:3) mixture of cattle blood, cattle manure and vegetable wastes respectively. The results showed that the moisture content of larvae varied ranges 85% to 90% among treatments. The crude protein (56.27±1.87%) and ash content (11.17±1.13%) were highest in maggots or larvae of T2, but maggots of T3 were highest in crude fat (29.17±2.95) and crude fiber (9.25±1.12).  Differences in the fatty acid profile of maggots were small. Larval fatty acid profiles were characterized by high levels of palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid and oleic acid in all treatments. On the other hand, the mineral contents differed substantially. Larvae reared on T2 were high in Ca, P, K, Fe and Zn exception Mn and Cu compared to other treatments.

| Views 69 |

| Views 69 |

Nutritional composition of house fly larvae (Musca domestica) reared on different mixture ratio of cattle blood with organic wastes

Adeniji AA. 2009. Effect of replacing groundnut cake with maggot meal in the diet of broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science 6(11), 822-825.

Ai H, Wang FR, Yang QS, Zhu F, Lei CL. 2008. Preparation and biological activities of chitosan from the larvae of housefly, Musca domestica. Carbohydrate Polymer 72, 419–423.

Akpodiete OJ, Ologhobo AD, Oluyemi JA. 1997. Production and nutritive value of housefly maggot meal on three substrates of poultry faeces. Journal of Applied Animal Research 12, 101–106.

Alamgir M, Ahsan A. 2007. Municipal solid waste and recovery potential: Bangladesh perspective. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering 4, 67–76.

Aniebo AO, Owen OJ. 2010. Effects of age and method of drying on the proximate composition of housefly larvae (Musca domestica Linnaeus) Meal (HFLM)”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 9, 485-487.

Aniebo AO, Erondu ES, Owen OJ. 2008. Proximate composition of housefly larvae (Musca domestica) meal generated from mixture of cattle blood and wheat bran. Livestock Research for Rural Development  20.

AOCS. 1992. Fatty Acid Composition by GLC. Marine Oils. AOCS Official Methods Ce 1b-89, AOCS, Champaign, Italy.

APHA (American Public Health Association). 1998. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22th edition, American Water Works Association, Water Environment Federation, USA.

Arong GA, Eyo VO. 2017. Evaluation of house fly (Musca domestica) maggot meal and termite (Macrotermes subhyalinus) meal as supplementary feed for African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)”. International Journal of Entomology and Nematology 3(1), 042-050.

Atteh JO, Ologbenla FD. 1993. Replacement of fishmeal with maggots in broiler diets. Effects on performance and nutrient retention. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 20, 44-49.

Calvert CC, Martins RD, Eby HJ. 1971. Housefly pupae as food for poultry. Journal of Economic Entomology 62(1), 939.

Dankwa D, Nelson FS, Oddoye EOK, Duncan JL. 2002. Housefly larvae as a feed supplement for rural poultry. Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science 35, 185–187.

Dobbs ROJ, Thompson F, Brinkman M, Zornes M. 2011. Resources Revolution: Meeting the World’s Energy, Materials, Food, and Water Needs. McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey & Company.

Ebenso IE, Udo MT. 2003. Effect of live maggot on growth of the Nile perch, Oreochromis niloticus (Cichlidae) in South Eastern Nigeria. Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2, 72–73.

Ekoue SK, Hadzi YA. 2000. Maggot production as a protein source for young poultry in Togo – preliminary observations. Tropicultura 18, 212–214.

Fasakin EA, Balogun AM, Ajayi OO. 2003. Nutrition implication of processed maggot meals; hydrolyzed, defatted, full-fat, sun-dried and oven-dried, in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Aquaculture Research 9(34), 733-738.

Feng Xiang Z, Wei Ping W, Chun Lai H, Ming-Guang F, Zhi Yong X, Xiao Yang C, Yan Lai Y, Man Y. 2012. Rapid production of maggots as feed supplement and organic fertilizer by the two-stage composting of pig manure. Bioresource Technology 116, 485-491.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.04.008.

Folch J, Lees M, Sloanestanley GH. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry 226, 497-509.

Fu P, Wu JW, Guo G. 2009. Purification and molecular identification of an antifungal peptide from the hemolymph of Musca domestica (housefly). Cellular and Molecular Immunology 6, 245–251.

Gado MS, El-Aggory SM, Gawaard AA, Mormond AK. 1982. The possibility of applying insect protein in broiler rations. Nutrition Abstract Review 43, Abstract 76.

Hasan AB, Reza AHMS, Kabir S, Siddique MAB, Ahsan MA, Akbor MA. 2020. Accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in soil and food crops around the ship breaking area in southern Bangladesh and associated health risk assessment. SN Applied Sciences 2, 155.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-1933-y

Hogsette JA, Farkas R. 2000. Secretophagous and haematophagous higher Diptera. In: Papp L, Darvas B (Eds.), Contributions to a Manual of Palearctic Diptera, General and Applied Dipterology 1, 769–792.

Hou LX, Shi YH, Zhai P, Le GW. 2007. Antibacterial activity and in vitro antitumor activity of the extract of the larvae of the housefly (Musca domestica). Journal of. Ethnopharmacology 111, 227–231.

Huda ASN, Mekhilef SA, Ahsan A. 2014. Biomass energy in Bangladesh: Current status and prospects. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 30, 504–517.

Hussein M, Pillai VV, Goddard JM, Park HG, Kothapalli KS, Ross DA. 2017 Sustainable production of housefly (Musca domestica) larvae as a protein-rich feed ingredient by utilizing cattle manure. PLoS ONE 12(2), e0171708.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171708

Hwangbo J, Hong EC, Jang A, Kang HK, Oh JS, Kim BK, Park BS. 2009. Utilization of house fly-maggots, a feed supplement in the production of broiler chickens. Journal of Environmental Biology 30(4), 609-614.

Iniguez-covarrubias G, Franco-Gomez MD, Andrade-Maldonado GD. 1994. Biodegradation of swine waste by housefly larvae and evaluation of their protein-quality in rats. Journal of Applied Animal 6, 65–74.

Jing YJ, Hao YJ, Qu H, Shan Y, Li DS, Du RQ. 2007. Studies on the antibacterial activities and mechanisms of chitosan obtained from cuticles of housefly larvae. Acta Biologica Hungarica 58, 75–86.

Jonathan AA. 2012. Comparability of the proximate and amino acids composition of maggot meal, earthworm meal and soybean meal for use as feedstuffs and feed formulations. Elixir Applied Biology 51, 10693-10699.

Makkar HP, Tran G, Heuzé V, Ankers P. 2014. State-of the-art on use of insects as animal feed. Animal Feed Science and Technology 197, 1-33.

Miller BF, Teotia JS, Thatcher TO. 1974.  Digestion of poultry manure by Musca domestica. British Poultry Science 15, 231–234.

Myers HM, Tomberlin JK, Lambert BD, Kattes D. 2014. Development of black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) larvae fed dairy manure. Environmental Entomology 37, 11–15.

Niu Y, Zheng D, Yao B, Cai Z, Zhao Z, Wu S, Cong P, Yang D. 2017. A novel bioconversion for value-added products from food waste using Musca domestica. Waste Management 61, 455-460,

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2016.10.054.

Obeng AK, Atuna KA, Aihoon S. 2015. Proximate composition of housefly (Musca domestica) maggots cultured on different substrates as potential feed for Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development 2(5), 102-103.

Ocio E, Vinaras R. 1979. Housefly larvae meal grown on municipal organic waste as a source of protein in poultry diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology 4, 227–231.

Odesanya BOSO, Ajayi BKO, Agbaogun B, Okuneye. 2011. Comparative Evaluation of Nutritive Value of Maggots. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research 2, 11.

Ogunji JO, Kloas W, Wirth M, Schulz C, Rennert B. 2008. Housefly maggot meal (magmeal) as a protein source for Oreochromis niloticus (Linn.). Asian Fisheries Science 21, 319–331.

Ossey YB, Atsé BC, Koumi AR, Kouamé LP. 2014. Effect of Maggot Dietary Protein Level on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization, Survival Rate and Body Composition of Heterobranchus longifilis Larvae Reared in Aquarium. British Journal of Applied Science and Technology 4(13), 2001-2010.

Ossey YB, Koumi AR, Koffi KM, Atse BC, Kouame LP. 2012. Use of soybean, bovine brain and maggot as sources of dietary protein in larval Heterobranchus longifilis (Valenciennes, 1840. Pl). Journal of Animal Science 15, 2099–2108.

Pretorius Q. 2011. The Evaluation of Larvae of Musca domestica (Common House Fly) As Protein Source For Broiler Production. A Thesis in Stellenbosch University, Faculty of Agrisciences, Department of Animal Sciences.

Sogbesan OA, Ajuonu ND, Ugwumba AAA, Madu CT. 2005. Cost benefits of maggot meal as supplemented feed in the diets of Clarias gariepinus and heterobranchus longifilis hybrid fingerlings in outdoor concrete tanks. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Studies 3(2).

Sumantri A. 2010. Environmental Health 3rd edition. Jakarta: KENCANA.

Ukanwoko AI, Olalekan OA. 2015. Effects of Source and Time of Harvest on the Proximate Composition of Maggot (Musca domestica) Larva Meal. International Journal of Livestock Research 5(7), 1-7.

Viroje W, Malin S. 1988. Preliminary study on producing of fly larva meal from pig feces as protein source in animal diets. King Mongkuts Agricultural Journal 6, 25–31.

Zhu FX, Wang WP, Hong CL, Feng MG, Xue ZY, Chen XY, Yao YL, Yu  M.  2012. Rapid production of maggots as feed supplement and organic fertilizer by the two-stage composting of pig manure. Bioresource Technology 116, 485–491.

Lailatul Ferdousi, Nahid Sultana, Ummey Hafsa Bithi, Sharmin Akter Lisa, Nasima Momtaz, Md. Mamunur Rashid, Md. Badrul Islam.
Nutritional composition of house fly larvae (Musca domestica) reared on different mixture ratio of cattle blood with organic wastes.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(6), 518-527, December 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/nutritional-composition-house-fly-larvae-musca-domestica-reared-different-mixture-ratio-cattle-blood-organic-wastes/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update