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Nutritional and lifestyle modifications of polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) in obesity

By: Momina Shahid, Maryam Naveed, Sidra Khalid, Muhammad Atif, Tabussam Tufail, Muhammad Zia Shahid, Habibur Rehman, Aimen Wahid, Muhammad Imran, Muzzamal Hussain

Key Words: Obesity, lifestyle, PCOS.

Int. J. Biosci. 15(6), 259-272, December 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.259-272

Certification: ijb 2019 0278 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine-metabolic disorder characterized by polycystic ovaries, chronic anovulation and hyper-androgenism leading to signs of menstrual irregularity, infertility and hirsutism. Insulin resistance, obesity and high levels androgens are linked with PCOS. The contributory factors include lazystandards of living, dietary dissimilarities, lack of exercise and anxiety etc.There appears to be an epidemic of both obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in the world today. Obesity is not a cause of PCOS, as the high prevalence of PCOS among relatively thin populations demonstrate. However, obesity does worsen many aspects of the phenotype, especially cardiovascular risk factors such as glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia. It is also associated with a poor response to infertility treatment and likely an increased risk for pregnancy complications in those women who do conceive. Although most treatments of obesity, with the exception of bariatric surgery, achieve modest reductions in weight and improvements in the PCOS phenotype, encouraging weight loss in the obese patient remains one of the front-line therapies plus life style modification is also very encouraging. However, new studies are required to identify the best interventions, and the role of lifestyle therapies in women of normal weight with PCOS is uncertain.

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Nutritional and lifestyle modifications of polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) in obesity

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Momina Shahid, Maryam Naveed, Sidra Khalid, Muhammad Atif, Tabussam Tufail, Muhammad Zia Shahid, Habibur Rehman, Aimen Wahid, Muhammad Imran, Muzzamal Hussain.
Nutritional and lifestyle modifications of polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos) in obesity.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(6), 259-272, December 2019.
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