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Oxidative stability of sunflower oil as affected by Carica papaya leaves extracts during accelerated oxidative storage

By: Hanaa S. S. Gazwi

Key Words: Antioxidants, Sunflower oil, Carica papaya, Phytochemical screening

Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 116-126, October 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.116-126

Certification: ijb 2017 0122 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is normally called as paw-paw and it belongs to the family caricaceae. Papaya is normally known for its food and nutritional values throughout the world. This research aims to study the potential of Carica papaya (CP) leaves extracts for the prevention of sunflower oil oxidation. Extraction was used by soaking method on CP leaves using distilled water, ethanol 70% v/v and methanol 80% v/v at 10% w/v concentration and qualitative test of phytochemical components. Phytochemical screening of Ethanol, methanol and aqueous extracts revealed the presence of phenol compounds, flavonoids, tannins and terpinoids, glycosides and steroides were present in the ethanol and methanol extracts whereas Saponinns were present in the methanol and aqueous extracts. The bioactivities of the leaf extracts were attributed to their phytochemical constituents. Analysis of heated sunflower oils demonstrated significant increases in peroxide value (PV) and acid value (AV) and T.B.A. However, iodine value (IV) of the oils was markedly decreased. Analysis of heated sunflower oils demonstrated significant increases in PV and AV and T.B.A. However, IV of the oils were markedly declined. Results indicated that CP-Et 600 gave the lowest percentage change in AV, PV and T.B.A and the highest value in IV of sunflower oil, followed by CP-Mt 600 when compared with sunflower oil in the presence of the other antioxidant during the storage period. CP extracts i.e., methanolic, ethanolic, and water- CP leave extracts protected protective effect against oxidation of sunflower oil and can serve as substitutes for synthetic antioxidants. The highest antioxidant activity occurred in 70% ethanol extract.

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Oxidative stability of sunflower oil as affected by Carica papaya leaves extracts during accelerated oxidative storage

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Hanaa S. S. Gazwi.
Oxidative stability of sunflower oil as affected by Carica papaya leaves extracts during accelerated oxidative storage.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 116-126, October 2017.
https://innspub.net/ijb/oxidative-stability-sunflower-oil-affected-carica-papaya-leaves-extracts-accelerated-oxidative-storage/
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