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Pesticides use in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan: present scenario

By: Rehmat Ullah, Khalid Nawab

Key Words: Pesticides, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Carbofuran, Cartap, Class.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 197-208, February 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.2.197-208

Certification: ijb 2019 0136 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Use of pesticide is common to control diseases, weeds and insects in crop, vegetables and fruits, but usually at the expense of the human health. This present study was conducted in 2018 which was an attempt to find out the present scenario of pesticides use in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province was selected as a universe of study. A total of 384 respondents were selected through unknown population sampling formulae i.e. 96 from each Union Council. Data were collected using well-structured interview schedule through personal interview method whereas simple frequencies, percentages and One Sample t-test were applied. The results showed that overall 49 different sorts of pesticides were reported by the farming community as the most commonly used by them and majority were insecticides. Mostly the insecticides were from Class-II of the pesticides toxicity level followed by the Class III and Class U. Only two insecticides i.e. Carbofuron and Cartap from Cartap Hydrochloride chemical group were from Class-Ib which are highly hazardous. Similarly, in 13 pesticides overdose was observed whereas in 8 pesticides low dose was observed in comparison to the recommended dose. It is suggested that the Agriculture Extension Department should initiate massive awareness campaign regarding health and environmental peril of pesticides use alongside the trainings to the farming community in safe use of pesticides. Furthermore, it was also suggested that the Agriculture Extension Department ought to strictly check the sub-standard and highly toxic pesticides in the local market.

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Pesticides use in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan: present scenario

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Rehmat Ullah, Khalid Nawab.
Pesticides use in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province Pakistan: present scenario.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 197-208, February 2019.
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