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Pollination efficiency of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon)

By: Egono Ndeme Carole Christèle, Kingha Tekombo Bernice Mireille, Fameni Tope Sidonie, Dounia, Tchuenguem Fohouo Fernand-Nestor

Key Words: Apis mellifera, Helianthus annuus, pollination efficiency, yields, Dang.

Int. J. Biosci. 13(3), 314-328, September 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.3.314-328

Certification: ijb 2018 0011 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To determine the impact of Apis mellifera on fruit and seed yields of Helianthus annuus L., foraging and pollination activities of worker bees were studied at Dang, from June to July, in 2016 and 2017. Observations were made on 540 capitula divided in four treatments: two treatments differentiated according to the presence or absence of protection of capitula regarding A. mellifera and other insect visits; the third with capitula protected and uncovered when florets where opened, to allow A. mellifera visits and the fourth with capitula destined to opening and closing without the visit of insects or any other organism. Workers daily rhythm of activity, their foraging behavior on flowers and their pollination efficiency were evaluated. Results show that, honeybee foraged on sunflower capitula throughout its whole blooming period. This bee intensely harvested nectar and pollen. The greatest number of workers foraging simultaneously per capitulum was 6 and 9 in 2016 and 2017 respectively. The mean foraging speed was 33.95 florets/min in 2016 and 26.03 florets/min in 2017. Through its pollination efficiency on H. annuus, A. mellifera has increased the fruiting rate by 22.76%, the percentage of fruits with seed by 25.51% and the percentage of normal seeds by 52.93%. Hence, conservation of honeybee colonies close to H. annuus fields is recommended to improve pod, seed, pollen as a hive product and honey production in the region.

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Pollination efficiency of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon)

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Egono Ndeme Carole Christèle, Kingha Tekombo Bernice Mireille, Fameni Tope Sidonie, Dounia, Tchuenguem Fohouo Fernand-Nestor.
Pollination efficiency of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) on Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae) flowers at Dang (Ngaoundéré, Cameroon).
Int. J. Biosci. 13(3), 314-328, September 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/pollination-efficiency-apis-mellifera-hymenoptera-apidae-helianthus-annuus-asteraceae-flowers-dang-ngaoundere-cameroon/
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