International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus infection in IDP’s Camp of North Waziristan Agency and FR-Bakakhel of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Fazal Rahim, Mehboob Khan, Hameed Ur Rehman, Muhammad Ilyas Khan, Hasim Ud Din, Muhammad Zubair, Taimur Khan, Fayaz Khan, Waqas Ahmad, Nasir Mahmood, Khaleel Ullah, Matiullah, Wahid Shah, Malik Nawaz Shuja

Key Words: Prevalence, Hepatitis B and C, North Waziristan, FR-Bakakhel.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(3), 237-242, March 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.3.237-242

Certification: ijb 2019 0014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infections was assessed among IDPs Camp North Waziristan Agency in Bakakhel FR-Bannu of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province as there is insufficient published literature on this subject. HBsAg and AntiHCV screening were done in IDPs Camp aged between 1 to 70 years of both sexes in various Tribals of North Waziristan Agency. A total of 1000 subjects were screened for hepatitis-B and Hepatitis-C, 730 male and 270 female subjects. The total prevalence of Hepatitis-B and Hepatitis-C was found to be 11.2% (112/1000). Individually, the prevalence of hepatitis-B in population of IDPs Camp was 7.00% (70/1000) and it was more common in male subjects 7.1% (52/730) in comparison to female subjects with 6.7% (18/270). The prevalence of hepatitis-C in the population of IDPs Camp North Waziristan was 4.2% (42/1000) and it was less common in male subjects 4.1% (30/730) in comparison to 4.5% (12/270) in female subjects. The prevalence of Hepatitis-B and Hepatitis-C in the normal population of IDPs Camp North Waziristan in Bakakhel FR-Bannu was found to be 7.00% and 4.2%. Compared to general populations of Pakistan, the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C is high in the normal population of IDPs Camp North Waziristan Agency. It might be possible to conclude that these IDPs of North Waziristan populations perhaps are at higher risk of contracting hepatitis-B and hepatitis-C infections as compared to other populations.

| Views 27 |

Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus infection in IDP’s Camp of North Waziristan Agency and FR-Bakakhel of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Ahmad I, Khan SB, Rehman HU, Khan MH, Anwar S. 2006. Frequency of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among cataract patients. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences 4, 2.

Ali M, Idrees M, Ali L, Hussain A, Rehman I, Saleem S, Afzal S, Butt S. 2011. Hepatitis B virus in Pakistan: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, awareness status and genotypes. Virology Journal 8, 102.

Chauadry IA, Khan Samiullah SA. 2005. Should we do Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C screening on each patient before surgery: analysis of 142 cases? Pakistan

Journal of Medical Sciences 21(3), 278–280.

Farooqi JI, Farooqi RJ. 2000. Relative Frequency of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus infections in cases of hepatocelluar Carcinoma in NWFP, Pakistan. Journal of CollegePhysical Surgical Pakistan 10, 128–130.

Gaeta GB, Rapicetta M, Sardaro C, Spadaro A, Chionne F, Freni AM. 1990. Prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies in patients with chronic liver disease and its relationship to HBV and HDV infections. Infection 18, 277-9.

Khan TS, Rizvi F. 2003. Hepatitis B seropositivity among Chronic Liver Disease patients in Hazara Division Pakistan. Journal ofAyub Medical College Abbottabad 15, 54–55.

Khan AA, Rehman KU, Haider Z, Shafqat F. 2002. Sero-markers of hepatitis B and C in patients with cirrhosis. Journal of College Physical Surgical Pakistan 12, 105–107.

Khan AJ, Luby SP, Fikree F, Karim A, Obaid S, Dellawala S, Mirza S, Malik T, Fisher-Hoch S, and McCormick JB. 2000. Unsafe injections and the transmission hepatitis B and C in a periurban community in Pakistan. Bull World Health Organ 78, 956–963.

Lavanchy D. 2004. Hepatitis B virus epidemiology, disease burden, treatment, and current and emerging prevention and control measures. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 11, 97-107.

Lok AS. 2002. Chronic hepatitis.  England Journal of Medicine 346(22), 1682–1683.

Nangrejo KM, Qureshi MA, Sahto AA, Siddiqui SJ. 2011. Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in the patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery at Eye Camps. Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology 27, 1.

Previsani N, Lavanchy D. 2002. WHO/CDS/CSR/LYO/2002.2:Hepatitis B Geneva: World Health Organization.

PMRC National Survey on Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C in General Population of Pakistan. 2007-2009. Pakistan Medical Research Council, Shahrah-e-Jamhuriat, Sector G-5/2, Islamabad.

Waheed Y, Shafi T, Safi SZ, Qadri I. 2009. Hepatitis C virus in Pakistan: a systematic review of prevalence, genotypes and risk factors. World Journal of Gastroenterology 15, 5647-5653.

Fazal Rahim, Mehboob Khan, Hameed Ur Rehman, Muhammad Ilyas Khan, Hasim Ud Din, Muhammad Zubair, Taimur Khan, Fayaz Khan, Waqas Ahmad, Nasir Mahmood, Khaleel Ullah, Matiullah, Wahid Shah, Malik Nawaz Shuja.
Prevalence of Hepatitis B and C virus infection in IDP’s Camp of North Waziristan Agency and FR-Bakakhel of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(3), 237-242, March 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/prevalence-hepatitis-b-c-virus-infection-idps-camp-north-waziristan-agency-fr-bakakhel-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update