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Prevalence of malarial parasite in District Buner

By: Muhammad Ali, Ahmad Sadiq, Hizb-Ur-Rahman, Muhammad Khan, Amir Alam, Naveed Jalil, Zia Ur Rahman

Key Words: Prevalence, Malaria, Plasmodium, Population, District Buner.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 295-301, October 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.4.295-301

Certification: ijb 2018 0029 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The current study was carried out in DHQ hospital Daggar Buner and some private clinics from January 2017 to June 2017. A total of 3574 patients were tested in which 1941 were males and 1633 were females of different age. Total positive cases were 421/3574; the overall incidence rate was 11.8% in different age groups of males and females. All the positive cases in our research were due to Plasmodium vivax. The results show that District Buner is at risk of malaria especially by Plasmodium vivax. The common symptoms and clinical investigations in all patients include, sever shaking chills, fever, sweating, vomiting, headache and diarrhea. We can stop the high rate of occurrence of malaria infection by knowing its types, ways of transmission and different preventing methods that could help us in preventing the infection in this area. In total of 421 positive cases which were examined during in the current study, all the positive cases were caused by Plasmodium vivax in which 170 were female and 251 were male positives. It is concluded that in the local area of District Buner malaria is common health problem Plasmodium vivax is found in high proportion. Its incidence increases from April to June (22.4% to 32.4%). The higher rate of infection was found in age group of 21-30 years (39.41%). The lowest infection rate was noted in the month of February.

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Prevalence of malarial parasite in District Buner

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Muhammad Ali, Ahmad Sadiq, Hizb-Ur-Rahman, Muhammad Khan, Amir Alam, Naveed Jalil, Zia Ur Rahman.
Prevalence of malarial parasite in District Buner.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 295-301, October 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/prevalence-malarial-parasite-district-buner/
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