International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Prevalence of Noncommunicable Diseases in District Shangla, Khyber-Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan

By: Faiz Ullah Khan, Tariq Ahmad, Shahab Uddin, Naveed Anwer, Fazal Rabbi, Ibad Ur Rehman, Syed Mujahid Shah, Asim Ur Rehman, Hasnain Nangyal

Key Words: Shangla, NCD’s, Retrospective, Prevalence

Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 92-99, October 2017.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/11.4.92-99

Certification: ijb 2017 0104 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Shangla is one of the most beautiful valley of Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa and also most neglected in health facilities every year majority of population suffered from such diseases, for minor ailment people travel to cities of hundred miles. Preliminary the noncommunicable diseases are utmost problem in the valley. Current study highlighted the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases in district Shangla to assure the health safety and treatment facilities as reporting cases per year. A retrospective study was designed from during the year of 2016 (1st Jan 2016 to 1st Dec 2016). The one year reported cases were gathered from the different areas of the district health facilities and the information were collected on the prescribed proforma and data were analyzed by different tools and techniques. Thirteen different diseases and conditions were reported in which the most prevalent disease was urinary tract infections 2.342%, hypertension0. 609%, peptic ulcer diseases 0.523%, Diabetic Mellitus 0.195, Asthma 0.279%, Dental carries 0.212%, Otitis Media 0.061%, Depression 0.022%, Cataract 0.275%, Traffic accidents 0.416% and fever due to other cases were 1.102% fortunately no any case of epilepsy and snake bite reported in the whole district health care facilities centers. The situation is too worst in the valley the data represented the whole population of the district and such alarming situation because majority people do not have access to the health facilities and main problem is low education rate.

| Views 126 |

Prevalence of Noncommunicable Diseases in District Shangla, Khyber-Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan

Bloom, DE, Canning D. 2000. “The health and wealth of nations.” Science 287(5456), 1207-1209.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2003. National campaign against measles in Afghanistan targeting children 6 months to 12 years of age. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep  52, 363-66.

Gupta R, Gupta V, Sarna M, Bhatnagar S, Thanvi J, Sharma V, Singh A, Gupta J, Kaul V. 2002. “Prevalence of coronary heart disease and risk factors in an urban Indian population: Jaipur Heart Watch-2.” Indian heart journal 54(1), 59-66.

Jafar TH, Haaland BA, Rahman A, Razzak JA, Bilger M, Naghavi M, et al. 2013. Non-communicable diseases and injuries in Pakistan: strategic priorities. Lancet  381, 2281-90.

Jindal S, Aggarwal A, Gupta D. 2001. “A review of population studies from India to estimate national burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its association with smoking.” Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences 43(3): 139-148.

Jafar TH, Levey AS, Jafary FH, White F, Gul A, Rahbar MH, Khan AQ, Hattersley A, Schmid CH, Chaturvedi N. 2003. “Ethnic subgroup differences in hypertension in Pakistan.” Journal of hypertension 21(5), 905-912.

Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, et al. 2012. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet  380, 2095-128.

Laine L, Hopkins R, Girardi L. 1998. “Has the impact of helicobacter pylori therapy on ulcer recurrence in the united states been overstated?: A meta-analysis of rigorously designed trials.” The American journal of gastroenterology 93(9), 1409-1415.

Monteiro CA, Moura EC, Conde WL, Popkin BM. 2004. “Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 82(12), 940-946.

Mushtaq M, Najam N. 2014. “Depression, anxiety, stress and demographic determinants of hypertension disease.” Pakistan journal of medical sciences 30(6), 1293.

Organization WH. 2002. Health situation in the South-East Asia region 1998-2000. Health situation in the South-East Asia Region 1998-2000, 398-398.

Pappas G, Queen S, Hadden W, Fisher G. 1993. “The increasing disparity in mortality between socioeconomic groups in the United States, 1960 and 1986.” New England journal of medicine 329(2), 103-109.

Shah S, Luby S, Rahbar M, Khan A, McCormick J. 2001. “Hypertension and its determinants among adults in high mountain villages of the Northern Areas of Pakistan.” Journal of human hypertension 15(2), 107.

Tariq Ahmad, Muhammad Nadeem, Faiz Ullah Faiz, Shahab Uddin. 2017. Muhammad Maqsood- Ur- Rehman khattak, Naveed Anwar, Incidence of HBV, HCV and HIV among blood donors from Peshawar KPK, Pakistan, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(4), 608-610.

Tollman SM, Kahn K, Sartorius B, Collinson MA, Clark SJ, Garenne M0L. 2008. Implications of mortality transition for primary health care in rural South Africa: a population-based surveillance study. Lancet 372, 893-901.

Yakoob J, Jafri W, Jafri N, Islam M, Abid S, Hamid S, AliShah H, Shaikh H. 2005. “Prevalence of non-Helicobacter pylori duodenal ulcer in Karachi, Pakistan.” World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG 11(23), 3562.

Yasir S. 2014. “Uncomplicated urinary tract infection: Isolated bacteria outcome and their susceptibility to antibiotics.” Pakistan Journal of Medicine and Dentistry 3(04), 43.

Faiz Ullah Khan, Tariq Ahmad, Shahab Uddin, Naveed Anwer, Fazal Rabbi, Ibad Ur Rehman, Syed Mujahid Shah, Asim Ur Rehman, Hasnain Nangyal.
Prevalence of Noncommunicable Diseases in District Shangla, Khyber-Pukhtoonkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 11(4), 92-99, October 2017.
https://innspub.net/ijb/prevalence-noncommunicable-diseases-district-shangla-khyber-pukhtoonkhwa-pakistan/
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update