International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in cattle & goats and antibiotic sensitivity of their isolates in district Kohat-Pakistan

By: Muhammad Usman Bashir, Akhlaq Hussain, Fatima Bibi, Benish Jamal, Shazia Mansoor, Mian Walid Layaq, Muhammad Babar Saleem

Key Words: Cattle, Goats, Antibiotic sensitivity, Sub-clinical mastitis, Prevalence.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(6), 227-234, June 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.6.235-240

Certification: ijb 2020 0045 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mastitis is an infectious disease of the udder. This disease is not only responsible for the pain and fever in animals but causes huge economic losses by causing permanent damage the teat and changes in milk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis (SCM) in the cattle and goats of district Kohat-Pakistan by examining milk samples with the help of surf field mastitis test (SFMT). A total of 200 cattle and 200 goats were considered for sample collection for this study. Among which, 34.5% (69/200) were found positive for SCM in cattle and in goats 46.5% (93/200) were found positive for SCM. Later on, milk samples were also cultured to isolate the bacteria responsible for mastitis. Bacteriological examination of milk samples from cattle revealed Staphylococcus spp. (24.50%), Escherichia coli (17.50%), Streptococcus spp. (15.32%), Bacillus spp. (12.23%), Klebsiella spp. (10.75%), Pseudomonas (8.20%) and others (11.50%) were responsible for SCM and Staphylococcus spp. (35.50%), Escherichia coli (12.40%), Streptococcus spp. (10.10%), Bacillus spp. (10%), Klebsiella spp. (8.40%), Pseudomonas (7.90%) and others (15.7%) were responsible for SCM in goats. Several antibiotics including penicillin, amoxicillin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, gentamycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline were used for antibiotic sensitivity test of samples isolated from cattle and goats. Results showed penicillin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin were found effective while others were not found effective against bacterial isolates in-vitro. In conclusion, this study showed true picture of the situation of SCM in the cattle and goats of district Kohat. This study also helped in determining the etiological agents responsible of SCM and the antibiotics effective against these microorganisms to prevent this issue.

| Views 103 |

| Views 103 |

Prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in cattle & goats and antibiotic sensitivity of their isolates in district Kohat-Pakistan

Ali L, Muhammad G, Arshad M, Saqib M, Hassan IJ. 2008. Bacteriology of mastitis in buffaloes in Tehsil Samundri of district Faisalabad, Pakistan. Yeast 1, 0–47.

Ali Z, Muhammad G, Ahmad T, Khan R, Naz S, Anwar H, Farooqi FA, Manzoor MN, Usama AR. 2010. Prevalence of Caprine Sub-Clinical Mastitis, its Etiological Agents and their Sensitivity to Antibiotics in Indigenous Breeds of Kohat, Pakistan. PakistanJournal ofLife and Social Sciences 8, 63–67.

Aqib AI, Nighat S, Ahmed R, Sana S, Jamal MA, Kulyar MF e. A, Khan NU, Sarwar MS, Hussain MA, Asadullah, Rahman A, ur Rahman S. 2019. Drug susceptibility profile of staphylococcus aureus isolated from mastitic milk of goats and risk factors associated with goat mastitis in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 51, 307–315.

Bachaya HA, Iqbal Z, Muhammad G, Yousaf A, Ali HM. 2005. Subclinical mastitis in buffaloes in Attock district of Punjab (Pakistan). Pakistan Veterinary Journal 25, 134.

Bachaya HA, Raza MA, Murtaza S, Akbar IUR. 2011. Subclinical bovine mastitis in Muzaffar Garh district of Punjab (Pakistan). Journal of Animaland Plant Sciences 21, 16–19.

Chishty MA, Arshad M, Avais M, Ijaz M. 2007. Cross-sectional epidemiological studies on mastitis in cattle and buffaloes of tehsil Gojra Pakistan. Buffalo Bulletin26, 50–55.

Economic survey of Pakistan. (2018-19). Economic Affair Division, Islamabad, Government of Pakistan.

Ferdous J, Rahman MS, Khan MI, Khan M, Rima UK. 2018. Prevalence of clinical and subclinical caprine mastitis of Northern region in Bangladesh. Progressive Agriculture 29, 127–138.

Gooraninejad S, Ghorbanpoor M, Salati AP. 2007. Antibiotic susceptibility of staphylococci isolated from bovine subclinical mastitis. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10, 2781–2783.

Islam MA, Islam MZ, Rahman MS, Islam MT. 2011. Prevalence of subclinical mastitis in dairy cows in selected areas of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine 9, 73–78.

Islam MR, Ahamed SM, Shahin AM, Rahman MM, Sultana T, Roh YS, Kim B. 2012. Identification and antibiotic sensitivity of the causative organisms of sub-clinical mastitis in sheep and goats. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 32, 179–182.

Memon J, Yang Y, Kashif J, Yaqoob M, Buriro R, Soomro J, Liping W, Hongjie F. 2013. Genotypes, Virulence Factors and Antimicrobial Resistance Genes of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated in Bovine Subclinical Mastitis from Eastern China. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 33(4), 486-491.

Muhammad G, Athar M, Shakoor A, Khan MZ, Rehman F, Ahmad MT. 1995. Surf Field Mastitis Test: An inexpensive new tool for evaluation of wholesomeness of fresh milk. Pakistan Jornal of Food Science 5, 91–93.

Pirzada M, Malhi KK, Kamboh AA, Rind R, Abro SH, Lakho SA, Bhutto KR, Huda N. 2016. Prevalence of subclinical mastitis in dairy goats caused by bacterial species. Journal of Animal Health and Production 4, 55–59.

Rizwan M, Durranib AZ, Ijaz M. 2016. Clinio-bacterialogical investigation of sub-clinical and clinical mastitis in dairy goats. Veterinaria 4, 4–6.

Muhammad Usman Bashir, Akhlaq Hussain, Fatima Bibi, Benish Jamal, Shazia Mansoor, Mian Walid Layaq, Muhammad Babar Saleem.
Prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in cattle & goats and antibiotic sensitivity of their isolates in district Kohat-Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(6), 227-234, June 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/prevalence-sub-clinical-mastitis-cattle-goats-antibiotic-sensitivity-isolates-district-kohat-pakistan/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update