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Probing the Protein Quality of Wheat-Mung Bean Based Weaning Foods Using Rat Bioassay

By: Faiz-ul-Hassan Shah, Javeria Sadia, Muhammad Sameem Javed, Adnan Amjad, Mohibullah Shah, Ammar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Jawad, Muhammad Amir

Key Words: Protein, Amino Acids, Baby foods, Bioavailability.

Int. J. Biosci. 17(6), 241-252, December 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.6.241-252

Certification: ijb 2020 0104 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Protein-energy malnutrition affects children during their vulnerable age of development. Nutritionally balanced weaning foods are the key to attain optimal physical and mental development of the children. In this study, the biological value of proteins in cereal-legume weaning foods was investigated using rat bioassay. The trial was carried out by feeding the respective diets to 5 groups of Sprague Dawley rats (n=6). Feed intake, water intake, body weight was recorded while urinary and faecal outputs were collected and analysed. Weaning food prepared using germinated grains showed the highest values for PER (1.84±0.75), FER (0.04±0.01), NPR (0.95±0.03), RNPR (0.76 ±0.05), PRE (15.2±0.48), AD (97.47±0.12), TD (99.07±0.66), BV (89.67±2.62) and NPU (88.83±2.28) as compared to the other treatments. It was concluded that germination is a promising processing method to enhance the protein quality in weaning foods.

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Probing the Protein Quality of Wheat-Mung Bean Based Weaning Foods Using Rat Bioassay

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Faiz-ul-Hassan Shah, Javeria Sadia, Muhammad Sameem Javed, Adnan Amjad, Mohibullah Shah, Ammar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Jawad, Muhammad Amir.
Probing the Protein Quality of Wheat-Mung Bean Based Weaning Foods Using Rat Bioassay.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(6), 241-252, December 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/probing-protein-quality-wheat-mung-bean-based-weaning-foods-using-rat-bioassay/
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