International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Relation of lignin and sugar yield from sugarcane bagasse degradation by sodium hydroxide

By: Preeya Kaewnaree, Hutch Rojanapukdee, Sumet Visesrean, Supattarasorn Tabsri

Key Words: Sugarcane bagasse, Lignin precipitation, Lignin and sugar degradation, Sodium hydroxide.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 446-455, February 2019.


Certification: ijb 2019 0164 [Generate Certificate]


bagasse as waste is the one biomass that can be considered as lignin and sugar.  Sugarcane bagasse contain lignin, hemicellulose and cellulose that can be converted into sugar and lignin through chemical pretreatment. In order to use sugarcane bagasse as a substrate for lignin and sugar production optimum conditions for sodium hydroxide hydrolysis of the bagasse were invested. Lignin and sugar are extracted together. The condition were varied in term of sodium hydroxide concentration (0.0-0.5%, w/v), reaction time (1-5h) and incubation temperature (100ºC). The efficiency of sodium hydroxide hydrolysis, were shown on the maximum weight loss percentage of 46.22% under the condition of 0.5% of NaOH at 100 ºC for 5h. The hydrolysate were maximum lignin, 69.18%, glucose, 1.24% and xylose, 12.70%. The sugarcane bagasse, hydrolysate and residue obtained were characterized by FT-IR. The results shown that C=C in aromatic skeletal of lignin was degraded from sugarcane bagasse and some peak indicate the presence of cellulose degradation products in liquid sugar. The lignin and lignin degradation were precipitated from solution and then epoxy production, and the sugar solution are then fermented into bioethanol and bio-plastic in the further.

| Views 22 |

Relation of lignin and sugar yield from sugarcane bagasse degradation by sodium hydroxide

Aguilar R, Ramírez JA, Garrote G, Vazquez M. 2002. Kinetic study of the acid hydrolysis of sugar cane bagasse. Journal of Food Engineering 55, 309–318.

Amine M, Nabil G, Nadia B, Antonio P. 2013. Isolation and characterization of lignin from Moroccan sugar cane bagasse:Production of lignin–phenol-formaldehyde wood adhesive. Industrial Crops and Products 45, 296– 302.

Aoul-hrouz S, Essamellali Y, Zahouily M. 2017. Extraction and Characterization of Lignin from Moroccan Sugarcane Bagasse Using Response Surface Design. Trend in Research and Development 4, 183-191.

Cheng KK, Cai BY, Zhang JA, Ling HZ, Zhou YJ, Ge JP, Xu JM. 2008. Sugarcane bagasses hemicellulose hydrolysate for ethanol production by acid recovery process. Journal of Biochemical Engineering 38, 105–109.

Fergus BJ, Procter JAN, Scott, Goring DAI. 1969. The distribution of lignin in sprucewood as determined by ultraviolet microscopy. Wood Science and Technology 3, 117–138.

Fredheim GE, Braaten SM, Bjorn E, Christensen. 2002. Molecular weight determination of lignosulfonates by size-exclusion chromatography and multi-angle laser light scattering. Journal of Chromatography A 942, 191–199.

Jimmy Tri P, Sidik N. 2015. Lignin Removal from Sugarcane Leaves Lignocellulose using Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite as Glucose Enzymatic Hydrolysis Feedstock. Journal of ChemTech Research 8(11), 188-193.

Ju YH, Huynh LH, Kasim NS, Guo TJ, Wang JH, Fazary AE. 2011. Analysis of soluble and insoluble fractions of alkali and subcritical water treated sugarcane bagasse. Journal Carbohydrate Polymers 83, 591-599.

Kadla FJ, Chang H. 2001. The reactions of peroxides with lignin and lignin model compounds, oxidative delignification chemistry-fundamentals and catalysis. ACS Symposium Series 785.

Kumar P, Barrett DM, Delwiche MJ, Pieter S. 2009. Methods for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for efficient hydrolysis and biofuel production. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 48(8), 3713–3729.

Kyaw W, Kiyohiko N, Joseph LA, Leonelia CA, Pag-asa DG. 2017. Effect of Alkali Pretreatment on Removal of Lignin from Sugarcane Bagasse. Chemical Engineering Transactions 56, 1831-1836.

Lavarack BP, Griffin GJ, Rodman D. 2002. The acid hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose to produce xylose, arabinose, glucose and other products. Biomass and Bioenergy 23, 367–380.

Leibbrandt NH, Knoetze JH, Gorgens JF. 2011. Comparing biological and thermochemical processing of sugarcane bagasse: an energy balance perspective. Biomass & Bioenergy 35(5), 2117–2126.

Mancera A, Fierro V, Pizzi A, Dumarçay S, Gerardin P, Velasquez J, Quintana G, Celzard A. 2010. Physicochemical characterisation of sugar cane bagasse lignin oxidized by hydrogen peroxide. Polymer Degradation and Stability 95, 470-476.

Mashoko L, Mbohwa C, Thomas VM. 2013. Life cycle inventory of electricity cogeneration from bagasse in the South African sugar industry. Journal of Cleaner Production 39, 42–49.

Mona N, Aisha E, Maha S, Abdel H. 2010. Optimization and characterization of sugarcane bagasse liquefaction process. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 3(2), 207-212.

Moraes M, Martin C, Soares IB, Maior AMS, Baudel HM, Abreu CA. 2011. Dilute mixed acid pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse for ethanol production. Biomass & Bioenergy 35, 663-670.

Office of Cane and Sugar Board, Thailand. 2018. Annual Report 2018. [Online]

Pandey A, Soccol CR, Nigam P, Soccol VT. 2000. Biotechnological potential of agro-industrial residues, I: sugarcane bagasse. Bioresource Technology 74, 69–80.

Paulo HSSM, Julio COF, Renata MB., Renata MA, Miguel AFS. 2018. Production of carboxymethyl lignin from sugar cane bagasse: A cement retarder additive for oilwell application. Industrial Crops and Products 116, 144–149.

Pattana L, Arthit T, Vichean L, Lakkana L, 2009. Acid hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse for lactic acid production. Bioresource Technology 101, 1036-1043.

Preeya Kaewnaree. 2015. The effect of catalyst to increase hydrolysis yield of sugar from sugarcane bagasse. Journal of Biosciences 6(8), 71-76.

Priscila M, Mario ON, Douglas M, Tatiana B, Carla CSC, Miguel GN, Aldo FC, George JMR, Igor P, Adilson RG. 2012. Structural features of lignin obtained at different alkaline oxidation conditions from sugarcane bagasse. Industrial Crops and Products 35, 61– 69.

Rodriguez-Chong A, Ramirez JA, Garrote G, Vazquez M. 2004. Hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse using nitric acid: a kinetic assessment. Journal of

Food Engineering 61, 143–152.

Sun Y, Cheng J. 2002. Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials for ethanol production: a review. Bioresource Technology 83, 1–11.

Veerasak K, Preeya K. 2017. The lignin precipitation from sugarcane bagasse pretreatment wastewater by chemical method. Bachelor of Education (Science), UdonThani Rajabhat University.

Vibe SH, Ulvskov P. 2010. Hemicelluloses. Annual Review of Plant Biology 61, 263–289.

Preeya Kaewnaree, Hutch Rojanapukdee, Sumet Visesrean, Supattarasorn Tabsri.
Relation of lignin and sugar yield from sugarcane bagasse degradation by sodium hydroxide.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(2), 446-455, February 2019.
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update