International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Reproductive performance of floored and cage housed broiler breeder roosters

By: Ishtiaq Ahmad Khan, Sarzamin Khan, Asad Sultan, Ashraf Ali Qureshi, Hamza Maris

Key Words: Reproductive performance, Floored and cage housed, Breeder rooster, Broiler

Int. J. Biosci. 12(2), 26-34, February 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.2.26-34

Certification: ijb 2018 0228 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Male fertility is one of the most factor that affect the profitability of broiler breeder flock. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of natural and artificial insemination on the reproductive parameter of male broielr breeders. Reproductive parameters of meat-type Hubbard roosters (n=1,800) were studied that were housed in cages (n=600) to inseminate cage housed hens or floored (n=1,200) to mate floored hens naturally (n=600) or artificially (n=600) under controlled environment where the average house temperature and relatively humadity were 21-24o C and 50-65% respectively. Body weight, semen quality, sperm penetration rate over days post insemination, egg lay, and hatchability were recorded for a complete production cycle and analyzed using SPSS software to assess the roosters’ reproductive performance with varying body weight, housing system and post insemination duration.  Housing type did not affect (P>0.05) seminal volume, sperm concentration, viability and morphology. However, variation was significant in sperm penetration and hatch (P<0.01). Cage housed flock exhibited better sperm penetration and hatch (90.81±21.29; 84.25±14.89) than floored flocks (65.85±20.82; 77.49%). Fewer (P<0.01) sperms penetrated the perivitelline membrane overlying the germinal disc with lengthening post insemination duration over 3,4 and 5 days but remained sound enough (>42) to cause fertility decline till next insemination. Sperm penetration decreased with increasing body weight of rooster.  Semen from roosters weighing 4-4.9 kg exhibited highest (91±11) sperm penetration followed by roosters having 4.5-5 kg (60±22) and above 5 kg (42±19).  Sperm penetration was negatively associated with rooster body weight (r2=0.52) and age (r2=0.45); the regression equation predicts that current roosters will be unfit for floor mated reproduction once weighed >6.3 kg or age >92 weeks.  We thus conclude that better housing, careful application of AI and regular monitoring of flock reproductive efficiency for in time corrective measures ensures smooth profitable business operation. Broiler Breeders may regularly monitor reproductive efficiency of their flocks through adoption of sperm penetration based monitoring plan that guides us for minor management changes in advance that can avoid a costly reduction in the number of quality chicks hatched.

| Views 87 |

Reproductive performance of floored and cage housed broiler breeder roosters

Abouelezz  FM, Castaño C, Toledano-Díaz A, Esteso MC, López-Sebastián A, Campo JL, Santiago-Moreno J. 2015. Sperm-egg penetration assay assessment of the contraceptive effects of glycerol and egg yolk in rooster sperm diluents. Theriogenology 83(9), 1-7.

www.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.02.002

Akhlaghi A,  Jafari Ahangari Y,  Navidshad B,  Ansari Pirsaraei Z,  Zhandi M,  Deldar H,  Rezvani MR,  Dadpasand M,  Hashemi SR,  Poureslami R,  Peebles ED. 2014. Improvements in semen quality, sperm fatty acids, and reproductive performance in aged Cobb 500 breeder roosters fed diets containing dried ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale).  Poultry Science  93, 1236-1243.

http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps.2013-03617

Banga-Mboko H, Mabanza-Mbandza B, Adzona PP, Batessana C. 2007. Reponse a’ l’alimentation calcique separee de lignees commerciales de poules pondeuses Shaver sous les conditions tropicales du Congo Brazzaville. Bulletin of Animal Production and Health African 55, 43-50.

Barbato GF, Cramer PG, Hammerstedt RH. 1998. A practical in vitro sperm-egg binding assay that detects sub fertile males. Biology and Reproduction 58, 686-699.

Brah GS, Sandhu JS. 1989. Preincubation storage of guinea fowl eggs in cooling cabinet vs. room: Effect on hatchability components. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad and Tobago): 66, 265-268.

Boone MA, Huston TM. 1963. Effects of high temperature on semen production and fertility in the domestic fowl. Poultry Science 42, 670-676.

Bramwell RK, Mcdaniel CD, Wilson JL, Howarth B. 1996. Age Effect of Male and Female Broiler Breeders on Sperm Penetration of the Perivitelline Layer Overlying the Germinal Disc. Poultry Science 75(6), 755-762.

Brillard JP, Antoine H. 1990. Storage of sperm in the uterovaginal junction and its incidence on the numbers of spermatozoa present on the perivitelline layer of hens’eggs. British Poultry Science 31, 635–642.

Brillard JP. 2004.  Natural mating in broiler breeders: present and future concerns.  World’s Poultry Science Journal 60(4), 439-445.

Cooper DM, Rowell JG. 1957. Laboratory prediction of the fertilizing capacity of cock semen. Poultry Science 36, 284-285.

Gebhardt-Henrich SG, Mark HL. 1991. The effect of switching males among caged females on egg production and hatchability in Japanese quail. Poultry science 70, 1845-1847.

Islam MS, Howlinder MAR, Kabir F, Alam J. 2002. Comparative assessment of fertility and hatchability Barred Plymouth Rock, White Leghorn, Rhode Island Red and White Rock Hen. International Journal of Poult science 1, 85-90.

Kalita N. 1984. Effect of egg weight on hatchability, Poultry Guide: 22, 95-96.

Khan RU. 2011. Antioxidants and poultry semen quality. World’s Poultry Science Journal 67, 297–308.

Lake PE. 1975. Gamete production and the fertile period with particular reference to domesticated birds. Symposium Zoology Society Lond. 35, 225–244.

McDaniel CD, Hannah JL, Parker HM, Smith, TW, Schultz CD, Zumwalt CD. 1997. The relationship of the sperm motility index with rooster sperm quality and fertilizing ability. Poultry Science 76, 115 (Abstr.).

Namdari S, Zamiri MJ, Jafarzadeh MR, Akhlaghi A. 2016.  Intramuscular progesterone injection decreases sperm functionality and fertility in broiler breeder roosters. Journal of Livestock Science and Technologie, 4(2), 25-30.

Parker HM, Yeatman JB, Schultz CD, Zumwalt  CD, McDaniel CD. 2000.  Use of a sperm quality analyzer for evaluating broiler breeder males. 2. Selection of young broiler breeder roosters for the sperm quality index increases fertile egg production. Poultry Science 79, 771-777.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.5.771

Robertson L, Wilson YI, Lindsay C, Wishart GJ. 1998. Evaluation of semen from different individual male domestic fowl by assessment of sperm: Perivitelline interaction in vitro and in vivo. British Poultry Science 39, 278–281.

Sapp RL, Rekaya R, Misztal l, Wing T. 2004. Male and female fertility and hatchability in chickens: A longitudinal mixed model approach. Poultry Science 83, 1253-1259.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ps/83.8.1253

Stromberg J. 1975. A Guide to Better Hatching. Stromberg Publ. Co. Iowa: USA: 8-25.

Swan SEJ. 1977. Fertility and hatchability of meat and egg strains of poultry in Fiji. Poultry Abstract 3: 425.

Tarongoy Jr FE, Gemota EK. 1990. Age as a factor of hatchability. SVWCA-Journal of Agriculture Research (Philippines), 5, 22-26.

Weis J., 1991. Analysis of fertility: hatchability and egg quality indices in reproduction breeding of guinea fowls. Acta Zootechnica Universities’ Agriculture (CSFR). Number 47, 5-15.

Wishart GJ. 1987. Regulation of the length of the fertile period in the domestic fowl by numbers of oviducal spermatozoa. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 80, 493–498.

Wishart GJ, Staines HJ, Steele MG. 1992. A method for predicting impending fertility in naturally-mated chickens and demonstration of gross variation in sperm transfer efficiency. Proc. World’s Poultry Science Congress 19(1)6, 31–634.

Ishtiaq Ahmad Khan, Sarzamin Khan, Asad Sultan, Ashraf Ali Qureshi, Hamza Maris.
Reproductive performance of floored and cage housed broiler breeder roosters.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(2), 26-34, February 2018.
https://innspub.net/ijb/reproductive-performance-floored-cage-housed-broiler-breeder-roosters/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update