International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Role of engineering for the development of rainfed agriculture in Pakistan- A review

By: Abu Saad, Zia-Ul-Haq, Tajwar Alam, Hamza Muneer Asam, Sohail Raza Haidree, Talha Mehmood

Key Words: Rain fed, Engineering, Drought, Agriculture, Machinery

Int. J. Biosci. 17(2), 268-277, August 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.2.268-277

Certification: ijb 2020 0063 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The major problems of rainfed areas soil is low moisture content, topography, low soil fertility, uneven distribution of rainfall, soil erosion which leads to flooding and resultantly causes huge loses to agriculture and infrastructure. This situation often leads to the migration of local communities living in low land areas. To minimize the above mentioned problems it is need of the hour to apply engineering principles which could reduce these impacts. Deep tillage saves water in sub-soil to fulfill the crop requirements during the drought period. Precision land leveling reduces risk of runoff which required heavy earth moving machinery. Engineers may design high efficiency irrigation system, farm roads, farm buildings, machinery, agriculture lands, micro catchments to improve farm productivity and to make available water through-out the cropping cycle. In view of previous research studied in rainfed areas the role of agriculture engineers got much attention. The main role of agri. Engineers is to design, evaluation and optimization and value addition/ processing machinery. Evaluation and modification of the useful farm machinery according to the prevailing condition could be helpful to uplift the rainfed agriculture productivity. Promotion and adoption of mechanized farming is very necessary to fulfill the demands of burgeoning population. To improve the crop yield, optimization of inputs, viz., improved seed varieties, irrigation and utilization of latest machinery is very important. It could also be helpful for the development of methodology/techniques to reduce postharvest losses and atomization of different crop production, processing and storage.

| Views 20 |

| Views 20 |

Role of engineering for the development of rainfed agriculture in Pakistan- A review

Bajwa MI, Zia MS, Naim PA. 2002. Research findings in arid lands of Pakistan: A summary. Pakistan Agric. Res. Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Bantilan MCS, Rao KPC, Acharya SS, Mruthyunjaya, Padmaja R. 2003. Vision for rainfed agriculture in South Asia. Policy Brief no. 3. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 4 pp.

Buzdar N, Sabir GF, Nagy JG, Keatinge JDH. 1989. Animal raising in highlands: A socio-economic perspective. ICARDA, Quetta, Pakistan.

Committee on World Food Security. 2005. 31st Session from 23 to 26 May 2005, special event on Impact of climate change, pests and diseases on food security and poverty reduction.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2004. Carbon sequestration in dryland soils. World Soil Resources Reports no. 102. Rome, Italy: FAO. 129.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2006. FAOSTAT database. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Government of Pakistan. 2002. Agricultural statistics of Pakistan, 2000–01. Economic Wing, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Livestock, Gov. of Pakistan, Islamabad. Pakistan.

IFAD (International Fund for Agriculture Development). 2001. Rural poverty report 2001 – The challenge of ending rural poverty. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. 266.

Rafiq M, Rashid A, Memon KS. 1996. Soil resources of Pakistan. Memon (managing authors) Soil science. Natl. Book Found., Islamabad, Pakistan 439-470.

Rafique E, Rashid A, Bhatti AU, Rasool G, Bughio N. 2002. Boron deficiency in cotton grown in calcareous soils of Pakistan. I. Distribution of B availability and comparison of soil testing methods. In H.E. Goldbach et al. (Ed.) Boron in plant and animal nutrition. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York 349-356.

Rao KPC, Bantilan MCS, Singh K, Subrahmanyam S, Deshingkar P, Parthasarathy P, Shiferaw B. 2005. Overcoming poverty in rural India: Focus on rainfed semi-arid tropics. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics 92.

Rashid A, Hussain F. 1994. Fertilizer efficiency in rainfed agriculture. In N. Ahmad et al. (Ed.) efficient use of plant nutrients. Proc., 4th Natl. Congress of Soil Sci., Islamabad. 24–26 May 1992. Soil Sci. Soc. Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan 39-397.

Rashid A, Rafique E, Muhammed S, Bughio N. 2002a. Boron deficiency in rainfed alkaline soils of Pakistan: Incidence and genotypic variation in rapeseed-mustard. p. 363–370. In H.E. Goldbach et al. (Ed.) Boron in plant and animal nutrition. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York.

Rees DJ, Islam M, Samiullah A, Rehman F, Raza SH, Qureshi Z, Mehmood S. 1991. Rainfed crop production systems of upland Balochistan: Wheat (Triticum aestivum), barley (Hordeum vulgare) and forage legumes (Vicia species). Exp. Agric 27, 53-69.

Zurayk R, Haidar M. 2002. The dryland predicament: Natural capital, global forces. Development Outreach 3, 35-39.

Abu Saad, Zia-Ul-Haq, Tajwar Alam, Hamza Muneer Asam, Sohail Raza Haidree, Talha Mehmood.
Role of engineering for the development of rainfed agriculture in Pakistan- A review.
Int. J. Biosci. 17(2), 268-277, August 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/role-engineering-development-rainfed-agriculture-pakistan-review/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update