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Selection of stable spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) advanced lines under contrasting environments

By: Muhammad Azher Qureeshi, Ijaz Rasool Noorka, Sadaf Shamim

Key Words: Stability, Advanced lines, Grain yield, Multi-location, Adaptability.

Int. J. Biosci. 18(5), 48-61, May 2021.


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Evaluation of varietal candidate lines for their stability and economic value is an important step for their adaptation and commercialization under contrasting environments. Plant breeders generally select breeding materials that show stable performance under contrasting environmental conditions. For this purpose, an experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of 17 advanced lines along with 3 commercial varieties at 4 different locations for 2 years from 2015-17 in Randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications.  The analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference (P≤ 0.05) between breeding lines, locations and years. SU-52 and SU-38 were higher grain yielding advanced lines when compared with commercial varieties. SU-168 was the most stable advanced line across all locations and years as per various estimated stability parameters. SU-179 was found specifically adapted to Dera Ghazi Khan location characterized by high temperature and lower rainfall. Biplot analysis was done to select breeding lines with better agronomic and quality traits. The close relationship between the agronomic and quality traits showed that agronomic traits and quality traits were simultaneously present in the newly developed breeding lines. Breeding lines such as SU-18, SU-168, SU-12, SU-6H, PB-11 and SU-134 processed traits related to agronomic value and quality traits.

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Selection of stable spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) advanced lines under contrasting environments

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Muhammad Azher Qureeshi, Ijaz Rasool Noorka, Sadaf Shamim.
Selection of stable spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) advanced lines under contrasting environments.
Int. J. Biosci. 18(5), 48-61, May 2021.
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