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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and buffalo of District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Abid Kamal, Jalal Ud Din, Atif Kamil, Muhammad Taimur Khan, Hira Bibi, Arab Hussain, Ahmad Yar, Shah Faisal

Key Words: Toxoplasmosis, Toxoplasma gondii, Seroprevalence, Sheep and buffalo.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(3), 497-502, March 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.3.497-502

Certification: ijb 2019 0002 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is a globally distributed protozoan parasite. This study was performed to find out the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and buffalo in District Charsadda. A total of 270 samples 127 from buffalo and 143 from sheep were collected and examined by latex agglutination test. Out of 127 buffalo 22(17.32%) were detected seropositive for Toxoplasmosis and out of 143 sheep 58(40.55%) were found seropositive. In sheep, a high seroprevalence rate of (46.42%) was obtained in age group of above 03 years while in buffalo; the highest seroprevalence rate of (19.04%) was detected in age group above 04 years. In sheep the seroprevalence rate was higher in female (49.23%) as compared to male (33.33%). In buffalo the seroprevalence rate was higher in female (19.45%) as compared to male (11.11%). The present study shows that the prevalence in sheep and buffalo is higher in District Charsadda, which is a risk factor for human infection. Therefore, proper control measure should be taken to avoid infection of Toxoplasmosis.

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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and buffalo of District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Abid Kamal, Jalal Ud Din, Atif Kamil, Muhammad Taimur Khan, Hira Bibi, Arab Hussain, Ahmad Yar, Shah Faisal.
Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and buffalo of District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(3), 497-502, March 2019.
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