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Unhulled rice performance of M7 of local rice mutant lines in two locations of swamp land in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

By: Raihani Wahdah, Gusti Rusmayadi, Rahmi Zulhidiani, Hikma Ellya

Key Words: Local rice, Swamp land, G x L interaction, Mutant lines

Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 623-632, August 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.2.623-632

Certification: ijb 2019 0011 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Swamp land is divided into tidal swamp land and swampy (“lebak”) land. Selection and evaluation up to M6 generation have been done in swampy land. Because the parents of the mutant lines originated from tidal swamp land, then the experiment framework testing lines of mutant should also be conducted in the tidal swamp land. The purpose of this research was to study the appearance of physical characteristics of grain and amylose content of genotypes in swamp land and tidal swamp land. Two experiment were carried out for 5 months at Tanjung Harapan Village, Barito Kuala Regency and at Sungai Rangas Hambuku Village, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Result showed that effect of G x L interaction were significant on unhulled rice width (W), ratio of L/W, and weight of 1000 seeds. There are several lines that have unhulled rice width equivalent to local rice varieties. Only G-14 which has moderate L/ W (2.67) and the others were slim (>3). The highest weight of 1000 grains was in G-23 (25.92g) at Sungai Rangas Hambuku and wasn’t significantly different from K-1 and 15 other lines at the same location and G-20 at the Tanjung Harapan. The lowest weight of the 1000 grains was on K-1 (15.77g) at Tanjung Harapan, and not significantly different from G-18 at the same location. Amylose content of rice at Tanjung Harapan was bigger than at Sungai Rangas Hambuku. The range of amylose content among genotype of rice was 19.84% – 47.62%.

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Unhulled rice performance of M7 of local rice mutant lines in two locations of swamp land in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Raihani Wahdah, Gusti Rusmayadi, Rahmi Zulhidiani, Hikma Ellya.
Unhulled rice performance of M7 of local rice mutant lines in two locations of swamp land in South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Int. J. Biosci. 15(2), 623-632, August 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/unhulled-rice-performance-m7-local-rice-mutant-lines-two-locations-swamp-land-south-kalimantan-indonesia/
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