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Urbanization in Lahore leads to Respiratory Issues – A Microbiological Perspective

By: Farkhanda Sadaf, Adeena Saeed, Maryam Khan, Saba Shamim

Key Words: Urbanization, respiratory issues, chronic cough, dust, microorganisms.

Int. J. Biosci. 18(3), 39-58, March 2021.


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Pakistan is an important country of South Asia. Lahore is its historical city with rich cultural values. The development of cities like construction of new roads, is indication of economic progress of a country. During last decade, Lahore city remains in the state of construction of new roads for providing Metro bus service facilities to the public in general which is considered a blessing. Due to continuous construction, dust clouds were normally observed. These contain dust particles which harbor microorganisms. By inhalation, these dust particles cause upper and lower respiratory tract infections which leads to respiratory health issues.  As professionals, school going children, street hawkers cannot avoid the dust, it can be cope up by adopting the precautionary measures.

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Urbanization in Lahore leads to Respiratory Issues – A Microbiological Perspective

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Farkhanda Sadaf, Adeena Saeed, Maryam Khan, Saba Shamim.
Urbanization in Lahore leads to Respiratory Issues – A Microbiological Perspective.
Int. J. Biosci. 18(3), 39-58, March 2021.
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