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Weed control in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) through Parthenium water extract in combination with a herbicide

By: Faruq Azam, Abdul Latif, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Muhammad Zulfiqar Ahmad, Jalil Ahmad, Asad Abbas, Muhammad Azeem

Key Words: Mungbean, Parthenium, Herbicide, Allelo chemicals, weed control, Yield.

Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 36-48, March 2018.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.3.36-48

Certification: ijb 2018 0273 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Pulses are an excellent and inexpensive source of plant protein. Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) wilczek]. Mungbean is one of the most important pulse crops, belongs to family Fabaceae. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. This study is designed to check the effect of several cultural practices on the weed population i.e Parthenium water extract in combination with conquest (post emergence)herbicide and hand weeding. Uncontrolled weed population result in 30-90% yield losses in mungbean. Hand weeding at 25 DAS and 45 DAS and weed free check treatments decreased weed population by 80.29% and 90.16% respectively recorded at 30 DAS.  Parthenium Water extract application had also decreased weed density by 26.52%. When data recorded at 60 DAS then sole application of foliar spray of Parthenium water extract @ 16 L ha-1 at 20, 30 and 45 DAS reduced weed population by 24.45% and decreased weeds fresh weight by 28.35% and 40.67%. The weeds fresh weight was reduced in weed free check treatment by 88.22% and 91.74% at 40 and 60 DAS, respectively relative to control. Similarly, the highest plant height i.e. 56.67 cm, the highest number of branches per plant i.e. 5.97, number of pods per plant i.e. 48.67, increased aerial biological yield i.e. 51.54% and increased grain yield i.e. 85.80% were recorded under the weed free check treatment. However, one foliar spray of (conquest + Parthenium water extract) @ 0. 19 L ha­-1 + 16 L ha-1 reduced weed population by 23.01% (60DAS), and reduced weed fresh weight by 38.21% and 51.68%recorded at40 and 60 DAS, respectively. This treatment also resulted in the decrease of weeds dry weight i.e. 41.87 and 52.29 % recorded 40 and 60 DAS, respectively. However, combination of Parhenium water extract and herbicide proved an effective method to control weeds.

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Weed control in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) through Parthenium water extract in combination with a herbicide

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Faruq Azam, Abdul Latif, Muhammad Irfan Ahmad, Muhammad Zulfiqar Ahmad, Jalil Ahmad, Asad Abbas, Muhammad Azeem.
Weed control in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) through Parthenium water extract in combination with a herbicide.
Int. J. Biosci. 12(3), 36-48, March 2018.
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