International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Antifungal properties of indigenous phytoextracts against Fusarium spp. causing root rot in mulberry (Morus spp.)

By: Angelina T. Gonzales

Key Words: Antifungal, Zone of inhibition, Spore seeded, Plug method, Fusarium , Phytoextract

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(2), 204-210, February 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0200 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal properties of selected indigenous plant species as potential alternative strategy to manage root rot in mulberry (Morus spp). Bioassays of 12 phytoextracts indicated varying fungicidal activity. The in vitro experiment suggests that Bangbangsit (Lantana camara L.), Banaba (Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.), Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus Labill.), Hagonoy (Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King & H.Rob.), and Neem (Azadirachta indica A.Juss) have fungicidal properties that inhibited the growth of Fusarium spp in vitro. Greenhouse trials showed that, bangbangsit (Lantana camara Linn) extract was superior over banaba, eucalyptus, neem and hagonoy extracts in reducing root rot infection at 30 and 60 days after planting (DAP), respectively. These plants could be utilized to access their effectiveness in field condition. It will help in the formulation of ecofriendly control measures, which is cheap and can be recommended for the sericulture farmers against the root rot disease in mulberry.

| Views 44 |

Antifungal properties of indigenous phytoextracts against Fusarium spp. causing root rot in mulberry (Morus spp.)

Bhardwaj SK. 2012. Evaluation of plant extracts as antifungal agents against Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. World J. Agric. Sci 8, 385-388.

Biswas S. 1992. Fungicide for Mulberry Disease Control–An Appraisal. Indian Silk 8, 26-29.

Bouamama H, Noel T, Villard J, Benharref A, Jana M. 2006. Antimicrobial activities of the leaf extracts of two Moroccan Cistus L. species. J. Ethnopharmacology 104, 104-107.

Chhetry G, Lassaad K, Belbahri N. 2009. Indigenous pest and disease management practices in traditional farming systems in north east India. A review. Journal of plant breeding and crop science 1(3), 28-38.

Guttierrez WA, Shew HD, Melton TA. 1997. Source of inoculums and management of Rhizoctonia solani causing damping off on tobacco transplants under greenhouse conditions. Plant Diseases 81, 604-608.

Kannaiyan S, Prasad NN. 1981. Effect of organic amendment on seedling infection of rice caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Plant and Soil 62, 131-133.

Mamatha T, Ravishankar Rai V. 2004. Evaluation of Fungicides and plant extracts against Fusarium solani, leaf blight of Terminalia catapa. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 34(20), 306-307.

Mangang HC, Chhetry GKN. 2012. Antifungal Properties of certain plant extracts against Rhizoctonia solani causing root rot of French bean in organic soil of Manipur. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 5.

Mathew KA, Gupta SK. 1996. Studies on web blight of French bean caused by Rhizoctonia solani and its management. Journal of Mycology and plant Pathology 26(1), 171-177.

Nicolls JM. 1970. Antifungal activity in Passiflora Species, Ann. Bot 34, 229-37.

Sachin Upamanyu SK, Gupta Shyam KR. 2004. Innovative approaches for the management of root rot and web blight (Rhizoctonia solani) of French bean. Journal of Mycology and plant Pathology 32(3), 317-331.

Saqib Z.RN, Malik MI, Shinwari and Shinwari ZK. 2011. Species richness, ethnobotanical species richness and human settlements along a Himalayan altitudinal gradient: Prioritizing plant conservation in Palas Valley, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot 43(SI), 129-133.

Satish S, Mohana DC, Ranhavendra MP, Raveesha KA. 2007. Antifungal activity of some plant extracts against important seed borne pathogens of Aspergillus sp. Journal of Agricultural Technology 3(1), 109-119.

Sindle GR, Patel RL. 2004. Evaluation of plant extracts against Rhizoctonia solani incident of black scruf disease of potato. Journal of mycologyand plant pathology 32(2), 284-286.

Singh K, Frisvad JC, Thrane U, Mathur SB. 1991. An illustrated manual for identification of some seed-borne Aspergilli, Fusaria, Penicillia and their Mycotoxins. Danish Government Institute of Seed Pathology for Development Countries, Ryvangs Allc 78, DK-2900 Hellerup. Denmark. 1st Edition pp.133.

Singh P, Shukla R, Prakash B, Kumar Singh AS, Mishra PK, Dubey NK. 2010. Chemical profile, antifungal, anti aflatoxigenic and antioxidant activity of Citrus maxima Burm. and Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck essential oils and their cyclic monoterpene, DL-limonene. Food Chem Toxicol. 48(6), 1734-40.

Srivastava AK, Lal B. 1997. Studies on biofungicidal properties of leaf extract of some plants. Indian Phytopathology 50, 408-411.

Sultana S, Khan MA, Ahmad M, Bano A, Zafar M, Shinwari ZK. 2011. Authentication of herbal medicine neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.) by using taxonomic and pharmacognostic techniques. Pak. J. Bot 43(SI), 141-150.

Sunita Chandel and Manica Tomar. 2008. Effectiveness of bioagents and neem formulations against Fusarium wilt of carnation, Indian Phytopathology 61(2), 152-154.

Suprakash Ojha, Manoranjan Chakraborty and Narayan Chandra Chatterjee. 2012. Management of Fusarial wilt of tomato and brinjal with phytoextracts. Indian Phytopathology 65(1), 97-98.

Telan IF, Gonzales AT. 1998. Screening of Mulberry Varieties for Resistance to Foliar, Soil borne and nematode diseases of mulberry. Progress Report, Sericulture and Development Institute (SRDI) Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University (DMMMSU), Philippines pp. 15-16.

Teotia RS, Sen SK. 1994. Mulberry diseases in India and their control. Sericologia 34(1), 1-18.

Angelina T. Gonzales.
Antifungal properties of indigenous phytoextracts against Fusarium spp. causing root rot in mulberry (Morus spp.).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(2), 204-210, February 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/antifungal-properties-indigenous-phytoextracts-fusarium-spp-causing-root-rot-mulberry-morus-spp/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update