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Assessment of solid waste generation and disposal in urban areas of Pakistan: A case study of District Dir Lower

By: Muhammad Subhanullah, Waheedullah, Sajid Ullah, Khalilullah, Sami Ur Rahman, Sajjad Ahmad, Zakirullah, Siraj Ud Din, Bakht Rawan

Key Words: Solid waste management, Dir lower, Household solid waste, Environmental problems, Health risks

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 19(5), 23-35, November 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0348 [Generate Certificate]


Solid waste management (SWM) is the main issue in the Pakistan because before the disposal the solid waste (SW) is not segregate properly. The study has been conducted to show the (SWM) in the study area Dir Lower. Mostly (SW) is produce in the cities and also lack of proper management system such handling, storage, transportation and disposal. District Dir lower lies in mountainous region in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Currently there is no proper landfill area for (SW) disposal. Respectively the (SW) were thrown in stream and bank of the river which consider the best landfill site for the (SW). The study was also conducted in Dir Lower to investigate the present status, quantity, sources, generation rate, collection and disposal of household solid waste (HSW). For this purpose, a total 300 questionnaires were randomly distributed in the cities area of Dir Lower such as Timergara, Chakdara, Samar Bagh, Khall, Munda and Kombar. The (SW) collection authority Tehsil Municipal Administration (TMA) also reported that we have no proper mechanism and technologies for (HSW) management. Currently the (HSW) is dumping in open dump sites and causes many environmental problems and health risks in the study area. Therefore, it is important for the government to play its role by providing capital, proper technology, etc. and to collect the (HSW) at daily basis, for sustainable (SWM) to reduce the burden of over activities on environment and health risk.

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Assessment of solid waste generation and disposal in urban areas of Pakistan: A case study of District Dir Lower

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Muhammad Subhanullah, Waheedullah, Sajid Ullah, Khalilullah, Sami Ur Rahman, Sajjad Ahmad, Zakirullah, Siraj Ud Din, Bakht Rawan.
Assessment of solid waste generation and disposal in urban areas of Pakistan: A case study of District Dir Lower.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 19(5), 23-35, November 2021.
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