International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Bat diversity and local conservation initiatives in the Montane forest of MT. Kalatungan in Pangantucan, Bukidnon, Philippines

By: Alma B. Mohagan, Angela Grace Toledo-Bruno, Aljem M. Bonghanoy, Cecil Flavia B. Balite

Key Words: Bat diversity, Disconcordant species, Mt. Kalatungan, Mindanao.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(5), 57-70, November 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0056 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Bat diversity assessment and gathering of data on local conservation initiatives was conducted in two sampling stations viz; the upper and lower montane forest of Mt. Kalatungan Range Natural Park in Portulin, Pangatucan, Bukidnon to provide information on bat species composition, diversity trend and local conservation initiatives in Portolin, Pangantukan,Bukidnonusing95 mist-net nights to capture bats. Bats captured were measured in terms of body length, for arm, ear, tail and femur. Bats were released after taking the morphometries. Five species were recorded in the upper montane forest and four species in lower montane forest with a total of 70 individuals. Three species: Haplonycteris fischeri (Lawrence), Macroglossus minimus (É. Geoffroy), Ptenochirus jagori (Peters) were caught in both stations. Two species: Cynopterus brachyotis (Müller) and Harpyionycteris whiteheadi (Thomas) are disconcordant in the upper montane, while one species Rhinolophus arcuatus (Peters) – an insect bat, was the only disconcordant species in the lower montane. All six species recorded in the upper and lower montane forest of Mt Kalatungan were categorized as Least Concern. In general, these values indicate a relatively low bat diversity.  Species diversity was higher (0.57) in the upper montane and (0.47) in the lower montane forests. Haplonycteris fischeri (Lawrence) is dominant both in upper and lower montane forests, accounting to 33% and 44.3% relative abundance, respectively.Interview and FGD results show that presently, local residents are not practicing bat hunting due to implementation of legal and cultural laws of the community.

| Views 34 |

Bat diversity and local conservation initiatives in the Montane forest of MT. Kalatungan in Pangantucan, Bukidnon, Philippines

ASHER C. 2009. Patterns of genetic diversity in populations of two bat species (Sturnira ludovici and Artibeus toltecus) in Cusuco National Park, Honduras. Online ISSN 1754-7431- Oxford University Press.

Bandiez, Marie Celene. 2009. Diversity of Bats in Mangrove and Montane Forests of Loreto, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte. Unpublishe d Undergraduate Thesis, Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon.

Barangay Portulin LGU. 2014. Barangay Portulin Development Plan. Local Government Unit, Pangantucan, Bukidnon.

Birdlife International. 2011. Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kalatungan Range Natural Park. Retrieved September 30, 2015. available at

www.birdlife.org/datazone/sitefactsheet.php?=9795

De Vera, Dave, Guina, Datu JohnnY. The Portulin Trbal Association. July 2008. The Igmale’ng’en sacred forests of Portulin part of the Ancestral Domain conserved by the Talaandig People ig Mindanao, Philippines. Retrieved on September 30, 2015 available at

www.cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/portulin_philippines_report_icca_grassroots_iscussions.pdf.

Elangovan V, Marimuthu G, Kunz TH. 2000. Nectar feeding behavior in the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx (Pteropodidae). Acta Chiropterologica 2, 1–5.

Esmalde, Tommy. 2014. Assessment of Bat Diversity of a Cave in Sacramento Valley, San Fernando, Bukidnon. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Central Mindanao, University, Musuan, Bukidnon.

Forister ML, Mccall AC, Sanders NJ. 2010. Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. P Natl Acad Sci USA 107, 2088–92.

GUBBI S, LINKIE M. 2012. Wildlife hunting patterns, techniques, and profile  of hunters in and around Periyar tiger reserve. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 109(3), 165–172.

Harrison, George T. 1966. Bats netted in andaround Niah Great Cave 1965-1966. Sarawak Museum Journal 14, 229-233.

Heaney LR, Balete DS, Dolar ML, Alcala, DANS AC, Gonzales ALT, Ingle PC, Lepiten N, Oliver M, Rickart W, Tabaranza EAJR, Utuzurrum RCB. 2002. A Synopsis of the Mammalian Fauna of the Philippines. Available at:

www.fieldmuseum.org/philippine_mammals/credits.htm. Accessed 16/02/05

Heaney LRD, Balete Dolar L, Alcala A, DANS A, Gonzales P, Ingle N, Lepiten M, Oliver W, Ong P, Rickart E, Tabaranza B, Utzurrum R. 1998. A. synopsis of the mammalian fauna of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana: Zoology, n.s. 88, 1-61.

Heideman PD, Heaney LR. 1989. Population Biology and estimates of Abundance of fruit bats (Pteropodidae) in Philippine submontane rainforest. Journal of Zoology (London) 218, 565–586.

Heideman Utzurrum. 2003. Seasonality and synchrony of reproduction inthree species of nectarivorous Philippine bats. Available at:

http://bmcecol.biomedcentral.com/articles.

Ingle NR, Heany LR. 1992. A key to the bats of the Philippine Islands.  Fieldiana Zoology 69, 1-27.

International Union for Conservation on Nature. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened species version 3.1 of 2015-4. Retrieved February 23, 2016.Availableat

www.iucnredlist.org

Joven, Joanne Ruth. 2007. Diversity of Bats in the Montane Forest of Mt Hilong-hilong Diwata Range, Agusan del Norte. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon.

KUNZ TH, Kurta A. 1988. Capture methods and holding devices in Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution.

Mohagan AB, Nuneza OM, Gracia AG, SELPA ET, Baguhin LJ, Coritico FC, Amoroso VB. 2015.  Endemism of Mammals in the  LTER Sites of Mindanao. Asia Life Journal 24(1), 219-233.

Molur S, Marimuthu G, Srinivasulu C, MISTRY S, Hutson AM, Bates PJJ, Walker S, Padmapriya K, Binupriya AR. 2002. Status of South Asian Chiroptera: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.

NuñezaOlga M, Maria NON, Luisa P, Makiputin Roderick C, Oconer Edna P. 2015. Species diversity of bats in Mt. Matutum protected landscape, Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES) ISSN: 2220-6663 (Print) 2222-3045 (Online) 6(6), 377-390, 2015. Available at:

www.innspub.net.

Ogutu JO, Owen-Smith N, Piepho HP, Kuloba B, Endebe J. 2012. Dynamics of ungulates in relation to climatic and land use changes in an insularized African savanna ecosystem. Biodiversity Conservation 21, 1033-53.

Ong JC, Shapiro SL, Manber R. 2008. Combining mindfulness meditation with cognitive-behavior therapy for insomnia: A treatment-development study. Behavior Therapy 39, 171–182.

Pimentel D, Patzek TW. 2007. Ethanol   Production: Energy and Economic Issues Related to U.S. and Brazilian Sugarcane. Natural Resources Research 16, 3235–242.

Rickart EA, Balete DS, Heaney LR. 2007. Habitat Disturbance and the Ecology of Small Mammals in the Philippines. Journal of Environmental Science and Management 10(1), 34– 41.

Salmoy JB, Bmohagan A, Porquis HC, Gomez KR. 2017. Vertical Stratification of Bats in the Mossy Forest of Mt. Hilong-hilong, Mindanao Island,  Philippines. International Journal of Inter-disciplinary Research ( IJIR). (3)9. ISSN:2454-1362.

Tinong, Rodel. 2006. Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Bats in the Montane. Forest of Mt. Hamiguitan, San Isidro, Davao Oriental for Management and Conservation. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology. Mati, Davao Oriental.

Turner AMY, Sanderson ELLY, Sweet, Michael, Raines, Peter. 2006. The Biodiversity of the Lower-Montane Forest Habitats of the North Negros Forest Reserve, Negros Occidental, Philippines. Technical Publication of the Negros Rainforest Conservation Project: A Collaborative Initiative Between the Negros Forests and Ecological Foundation, Inc. and Coral Cay Conservation. www.coralcay.org

Alma B. Mohagan, Angela Grace Toledo-Bruno, Aljem M. Bonghanoy, Cecil Flavia B. Balite.
Bat diversity and local conservation initiatives in the Montane forest of MT. Kalatungan in Pangantucan, Bukidnon, Philippines.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(5), 57-70, November 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/bat-diversity-local-conservation-initiatives-montane-forest-mt-kalatungan-pangantucan-bukidnon-philippines/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update