International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Biosorption of heavy metals from sewage effluent using prickly pear cactus

By: Sidra Hassan, Asmat Un Nisa, Jalal Ud Din

Key Words: Prickly Pear Cactus, Heavy Metals, Bioremediation

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 10(2), 16-24, February 2017.

[Generate Certificate]


The practice of environmentally benign agents in the treatment of water is rapidly gaining interest due to their naturally renewable and available character and low harmfulness. Common Mexican cactus produces a gum-like substance, cactus mucilage, which shows excellent flocculating abilities and is an economically viable alternative for low-income communities. Mucilage of Opuntia ficus indica was used as a flocculating agent for heavy metals like Cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu) and Chromium (Cr). Biosorption experiment was conducted using two types of treatments i.e. Dice-Cut-Pressed (DCP) cactus treatment and Extracted Mucilage Treatment (EMT). Results showed the mucilage efficiency for adsorbing heavy metals like Pb, Cd, Cu and Ni from wastewater as determined by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. Nickel and Zn concentration was reduced by 72-77% with both DCP and EMT treatments. The Reduction (%) in Pb was higher than Ni and Zn, i.e., 90% with both extractants. Cd and Cu sorption was almost 100% by both the treatments. When quality of treated and untreated waste water effluent was compared with WHO (World Health Organization) standards for irrigation, treated waste water was found to be nearly fit for the irrigation. Results indicate that both the materials can potentially be used as sorbent for chemical pollutants.

| Views 527 |

| Views 527 |

Biosorption of heavy metals from sewage effluent using prickly pear cactus

Amber SG, Attia M, Ahmed HA. 2010. Heavy metals bio-remediation by immobilized Saccharomyces cervisiae and Opuntia ficus indica Waste. Journal of American Science 6(8), 79-87.

Briscoe J, Qamar U and Contijoch M, Amir P, Blackmore D. 2005. Pakistan’s Water Economy: Running Dry, the World Bank draft.  World Bank, Islamabad Office. 140 P.

Buttice AL, Stroot JM, Lim DV, Stroot PG Alcantar NA. 2010. Removal of sediment and bacteria from water using green chemistry. Environmental Science and Technology 44(9), 3514-3519.

Cardenas A, Goycoolea FM, Rinaudo M. 2008. On the gelling behavior of “nopal” (Opuntia ficus-indica) low methoxyl pectin. Carbohydrate Polymer 38, 212-222.

Cooper RC. 1991. Public health concerns in waste water reuse. Water Science and Technology 24(9),  55-65.

Fox DL. 2011. Cactus Mucilage-Assisted Heavy Metal Separation: Design and Implementation. Theses and Dissertations. p.3107.

Jahangir WA, Ashfaq M, Rehman A. Modeling for Efficient Use of Canal Water at Command Level. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources 7(1), 43-52.

Mahmood S, Maqbool A. 2006. Impacts of waste

water irrigation on water quality and on the health of local community in Faisalabad. Pakistan Journal of Water Resources. 10(2), 42-56.

Mane PC, Bhosle AB, Jangam CM, Mukate SV. 2011. Heavy Metal Removal from Aqueous Solution by Opuntia: A Natural Polyelectrolyte. Journal of Natural Products Plant Resource 1(1), 75-80.

Richards LA. 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkali Soils, LA. Richards (eds). Handbook of U.S. Dept.  of Agriculture, Washington 4-160.

World Wildlife Fund. 2007. Pakistan’s Water at Risk. Water and Health Related Issues in Pakistan and Key Recommendations 4.

Sidra Hassan, Asmat Un Nisa, Jalal Ud Din.
Biosorption of heavy metals from sewage effluent using prickly pear cactus.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 10(2), 16-24, February 2017.
Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update