International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Combining ability studies for yield and related traits in garden pea

By: Faiza Aman, Neelam Ara, Syed Mehar Ali Shah

Key Words: F1 hybrids, Garden pea, Combining ability, Gene actions

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(6), 77-86, June 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0336 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Combining ability potential of the eight parents crossed in 8 × 8 full-diallel fashion and their 56 derived F1 hybrids were estimated to identify superior parents, desirable cross combinations and to fig. out mode of gene action for yield and related traits. Parental pea genotypes and F1 hybrids were planted in randomized complete block design with three replications at The University of Agriculture Peshawar-Pakistan during 2018-2019 pea-crop growing season. Mean squares due to general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) effects were observed significant (p ≤ 0.01) for most of the studied traits which indicated the importance of both additive and non-additive gene actions in controlling their expression. The SCA variances were observed higher in magnitude than those of corresponding GCA variances, resultantly with GCA/SCA ratio of lesser than unity for seeds pod-1, 100-green seed weight and green pod yield depicting the importance of non-additive gene action in the inheritance of these characters. Leena Pak was identified as the good general combiner for days to first picking (-11.52) and plant height (-27.25) while UAP-29 appeared as the good general combiner for pods plant-1 (7.57). Highest GCA effects for seeds pod-1 (0.53), and green pod yield (10.16) were manifested by UAP-47. F1 cross combination UAP-47 × UAP-29 manifested the highest SCA effects for seeds pod-1 (1.31) and green pod yield (14.10). The genetic potential of the parental genotypes Leena Pak, UAP-29 and UAP-47 while F1 cross UAP-47 × UAP-29 for the desired traits could be exploited in pea hybridization programs.

| Views 6 |

| Views 6 |

Combining ability studies for yield and related traits in garden pea

Bassett MJ. 1986. In: Breeding Vegetable Crops. AVI Publishing Company 287-288.

Brar PS, Dhall R, Dinesh K. 2012. Heterosis and combining ability in garden pea for yield and its contributing traits. Vegetable Sciences 39(1), 51-54.

Ceyhan E, Avci MA. 2005. Combining ability and heterosis for grain yield and some yield components in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Pakistan Journal of BioSciences 8(10), 1447-1452.

Cupic T, Yucak M, Popovic S, Bolaric S, Grljusic S, Kozumplik V. 2009. Genetic diversity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes assessed by pedigree, morphological and molecular data. Journal of Food and Agricultural Environment 7(4), 343-348.

Dharmendra SL, Chowdhury VK, Khanna VK. 2018. Hybridization and genetic diversity studies on pea (Pisum sativum). Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research 8(5), 6680-6689.

El-Shabrawy AA. 2006. Hybrids behavior through evaluation of diallel cross in pea (Pisum sativum). Mansoura University Journal of Agricultural Sciences 31, 4213-4222.

Enrique LC, Esposito MA, Gatti L, Anidol FSL. 2013 . Combining abilities and heterotic groups in Pisum sativum L. Australian Journal of Crop Sciences 7(11), 1634-1641.

Ertiro, BT, Zeleke H, Friesen D, Blummel M, Twumasi AS. 2013. Relationship between the performance of parental inbred lines and hybrids for food-feed traits in maize (Zea mays L.) in Ethiopia. Field Crops Research 153(2), 86-93.

Espinosa N, Ligarreto GA. 2005. Evaluating combinatory ability and heterosis of seven parental Pisum sativum L. Agronomia Colombiana 23(2), 197-206.

FAOSTAT. 2018. Available online: http:// www. fao.org /faostat /en/#home (accessed on 8 January 2020).

Franco MC, Cassini ST, Oliveira VR, Vieira C, Tsai SM. 2001. Combining ability for nodulation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes from Andean and Middle American gene pools. Euphytica 118(3), 265–270.

Jawar AH, Wang X, Iqbal MS, Sarfraz Z, Wang L, Ma Q, Shuli F. 2019. Genetic divergence on the basis of principal component, correlation and cluster analysis of yield and quality traits in cotton cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Botany 51(3), 1143-1148.

Kalia P, Sood M. 2009. Combining ability in the F1 and F2 generations of a diallel cross for horticultural traits and protein content in garden pea (Pisum sativum). SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 41(1), 221-225.

Katoch A, Bharti A, Sharma A, Rathore N, Kumari V. 2017. Heterosis and combining ability studies for economic traits in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Legume Research an International Journal 42(2), 153-161.

Kosev VI. 2013. Inheritance of earliness and vegetation period in pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes. Banats Journal of Biotechnology 4(8), 152-155.

Kumar A, Jain BP. 2002. Combining ability studies in pea (Pisum sativum). Indian Journal of Horticulture 59(2),181-184.

Kumar M, Jeberson MS, Singh NB, Sharma R, Patel RS. 2019. Analysis of trait association and principal component of variability in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotypes. Pharma. Inn. Journal 7(8), 437-441.

Kumar M, Jeberson MS, Singh NB, Sharma R. 2017. Genetic analysis of seed yield and its contributing traits and pattern of their inheritance in field pea (Pisum sativum L). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(6), 172-181.

Motamedi M, Choukan R, Hervan EM, Bihamta MR, Kajouri FD. 2014. International Journal of Biosciences 5(12), 123-129.

Pallavi A, Singh S, Pandey KK. 2013. Estimation of heritability on pea (Pisum sativum L.). Advances in Bioresearch 4(4), 89-92.

Pandey B, Singh YV. 2010. Combining ability for yield over environment in cowpea. Walp. Legume Research-an International Journal 33(3), 190-195.

Pathak P, Gahalain SS. 2018. Genetics of green pod yield in table pea (Pisum sativum L.). International Journal of plant sciences 13(1), 196-200.

Senbetay T, Tesfaye A, Jimma E. 2015. Diallel analysis of white pea bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties for yield and yield components. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 15, 2224-3208.

Sharma BB, Sharma VK, Dhakar MK, Punetha S. 2013. Combining ability and gene action studies for horticultural traits in garden pea. A review. African Journal of Agriculture Research 8(38), 4718-4725.

Sharma BB, Sharma VK, Dhar S. 2015. Combining ability studies for yield and other horticultural traits in garden pea (Pisum sativum). Indian Journal of Horticulture 72(4), 500-505.

Sharma BB, Sharma VK. 2012. Genetic analysis for earliness and yield traits in garden pea (Pisum sativum L.). Vegetos 25(1), 63-67.

Sharma VK, Bora L. 2013. Studies on genetic variability and heterosis in vegetable pea (Pisum sativum L.) under high hills condition of Uttarakh, India. African Journal of Agriculture Research 8(18), 1891-1895.

Singh I, Sandhu JS Singh J. 2010. Combining ability for yield and its components in field pea. Journal of Food Legume 23(2), 143-145.

Singh S, Verma V, Singh B, Sharma VR, Kumar M. 2019. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance studies in pea (Pisum sativum L.) for quantitative characters. Indian Journal of Agriculture Research 53(5), 542-547.

Sinjushin AA, Belyakova AS. 2015. Ontogeny, variation and evolution of inflorescence in Fabaceae with special refrence to genera Lathyrus, Pisum and Vavilovia 211, p. 11-17.

Sofi PA, Rather G, Wani SA. 2006. Combining ability and gene action studies over environments in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 9(14), 2689-2692.

Suman H, Kumar B, Nageshwar MR Tamatam D. 2017. Heterosis and combining ability for grain yield and yield associated traits in 10 X 10 diallel analysis in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci 6(12), 1574-1585.

Tampha S, Jeberson MS, Sastry ED, Shashidhar KS Sharma PR. 2018. Line x tester analysis for yield and its contributing characters in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). The Pharma Inn. Journal 7(9), 104-109.

Tiwari G, Lavanya GR. 2012. Genetic variability, character association and component analysis in F4 generation of field pea (Pisum sativum var. arvense L.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 25, 173-175.

Truong HH, Duthion C. 1993. Time of flowering of pea (Pisum sativum L.) as a function of leaf appearance rate and node of first flower. Annals of Botany 72(2), 133-142.

Uddin MS, Khatun F, Ahmed S, Ali MR, Bagum SA. 2006. Heterosis and combining ability in field pea. Bangladesh Journal of Botany 35(2), 109-116.

Faiza Aman, Neelam Ara, Syed Mehar Ali Shah.
Combining ability studies for yield and related traits in garden pea.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(6), 77-86, June 2021.
https://innspub.net/jbes/combining-ability-studies-for-yield-and-related-traits-in-garden-pea/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update