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Diversity of medicinal plants used in the treatment of malaria and typhoid fever, two pathologies frequently encountered in Daloa (Central-West, Côte d’Ivoire)

By: Abba P Obouayeba, Bognan AAJ Ackah, Tanoh H Kouakou, Allico J Djaman, Jean D N’guessan

Key Words: Medicinal plants, Malaria, Typhoid fever, Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(4), 106-120, April 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0270 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The Haut-Sassandra region located in the Central-West of the Côte d’Ivoire provides a significant part of the national production of food and export products. The local population responsible for this production generally heals with medicinal plants for various reasons. It seemed important to know the medicinal plants used by this population in the treatment of malaria and typhoid fever, two pathologies frequently encountered in this region. It is in this context that an ethnopharmacological study was carried out in the city of Daloa, capital of this region, with 240 people who are traditional healers and herbalists. The results showed that the majority of women are (55.42%) with a dominance of the age groups between 41 and 60 years (54.59%). The vast majority of traditional healers and herbalists have no education (51.25%) and 58.75% of these people are married. The medicinal plants used in Haut-Sassandra; the leaves are the most used organs (51%). Decoction is the most used method (74.47%) and drink (50%) dominates the other administration routes. Thirty-six species (36) of medicinal plants have been identified belonging to 23 families. In addition, 58% of these medicinal plants are used only in the treatment of malaria. The main medicinal plants identified for the treatment of these two pathologies have anti-plasmodial and anti-typhoid properties proven in the literature. The medicinal plants identified will help guide further research on natural substances for the implementation of improved traditional medicines.

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Diversity of medicinal plants used in the treatment of malaria and typhoid fever, two pathologies frequently encountered in Daloa (Central-West, Côte d’Ivoire)

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Abba P Obouayeba, Bognan AAJ Ackah, Tanoh H Kouakou, Allico J Djaman, Jean D N’guessan.
Diversity of medicinal plants used in the treatment of malaria and typhoid fever, two pathologies frequently encountered in Daloa (Central-West, Côte d’Ivoire).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(4), 106-120, April 2020.
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