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Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the dynamics of hydrogen peroxide, the activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and Guaïcol peroxidase in Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott rhizome and root during growth

By: Djeuani Astride Carole, Mbouobda Hermann Désiré, Omokolo Ndoumou Denis

Key Words: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Growth, Catalase, Ascorbate peroxidase, Guaïcol peroxidase.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 1-15, May 2018.

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The present study was conducted to determine the effects of four Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF); Glomus intraradices, Glomus sp., Gigaspora margarita and Acaulospora tuberculata on the growth of X. sagittifolium (white cultivar) and stress enzyme expression. To evaluate the effect of that AMF on plant growth of the basal part of plant, the length (except rhizome), the fresh weight and the dry weight matter of roots and the rhizome were determine every 60 days for 180 days. The following experimental conditions were used X. sagittifolium + AMF and X. sagittifolium + AMF + Carbon source. The results obtained show that, mycorrhization significantly (P<0.05) affected the development of the basal part of the plant with increased length of the roots and mass of rhizome compared to the control. Glomus sp. and G. intraradices stimulated both the dry weight increase of roots and rhizomes respectively by 48 and 72% then 27 and 23.5% at day 180. Glomus sp. significantly stimulate the increased expression of hydrogen peroxide in rhizomes and roots in mycorrhizal X. sagittifolium plants. In presence of carbon source, significant values is 20.70 ± 1.38 mM.min-1.g-1 of FW obtained in roots of mycorrhizal plants with A. tuberculata. It was observed that addition of the carbon source significantly increased stress enzyme expression, with catalase been the most express enzyme compare to peroxidases. We conclude that the use of mycorrhizae in farming of X. sagittifolium may hold advantage of increasing the production and resistance against root rot disease.

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Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the dynamics of hydrogen peroxide, the activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and Guaïcol peroxidase in Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott rhizome and root during growth

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Djeuani Astride Carole, Mbouobda Hermann Désiré, Omokolo Ndoumou Denis.
Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the dynamics of hydrogen peroxide, the activities of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and Guaïcol peroxidase in Xanthosoma sagittifolium L. Schott rhizome and root during growth.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 1-15, May 2018.
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