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Effects of macrophytes on aquatic macro-invertebrates in urban polluted lentic ecosystem: case of the man-made lakes of Yamoussoukro (Ivory Coast)

By: Tape Logboh David, Edia Oi Edia, Camara Idrissa Adama, Bony Kotchi Yves, Ouattara Allassane

Key Words: Macrophytes, Macro-invertebrates, Taxonomic richness, urban polluted lakes, Ivory Coast.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 90-107, May 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0034 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Macrophtytes affect water resource utilisation, but little is known about its impacts on biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems particularly in Ivory Coast. This study allowed assessing the effects of macrophytes on aquatic macro-invertebrates in the urban lakes of Yamoussoukro. Macro-invertebrates were collected on twelve occasions at fourteen sites with macrophyte mats (Group 1) and at fourteen sites without macrophyte (Group 2) using a hand-net and a Van Veen grab. The diversity of the community was assessed in each group of sites. A total of 108 taxa distributed among five classes, twelve orders, 53 families and comprising 22074 individuals were recorded. The group 1 registered 84 taxa belonging to four classes, eleven orders and 46 families (50.50% of total abundance). The group 2 recorded 76 taxa comprising four classes, eleven orders and 27 families (49.50% of total abundance). Insecta were most diversified both in group 1 (84.2%) and group 2 (76.9%). Gasteropoda, especially Melanoides tuberculata and Physa marmorata were most abundant in each group (respectively 91% and 68.5%). Variations in Rarefied richness, abundance, Shannon-Weiner Diversity and Pielou’s Evenness Indexes between the two groups were not statistically significant (Mann-Withney test, p > 0.05). Scrapers were quantitatively (Group 1= 79%; Group 2= 61%) dominant in the two groups. Each group was mainly characterized by one family of Diptera (Tabanidae for group 1 and Culicidae for group 2) which are frequently vectors of various disease agents. Influence of macrophytes on macro-invertebrates in Yamoussoukro lakes was not perceptible because of their high level of pollution.

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Effects of macrophytes on aquatic macro-invertebrates in urban polluted lentic ecosystem: case of the man-made lakes of Yamoussoukro (Ivory Coast)

Should be accurate and descriptive. Citation of the reference must be accurate and relevant (For example: Peter, 2009, Alam and Kabir, 2006 or Thomas et al., 2011). In the list, references must be placed in alphabetical order without serial numbering. Only papers published or in press should be cited in the literature list. Citation of references should be followed like below:

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Tape Logboh David, Edia Oi Edia, Camara Idrissa Adama, Bony Kotchi Yves, Ouattara Allassane.
Effects of macrophytes on aquatic macro-invertebrates in urban polluted lentic ecosystem: case of the man-made lakes of Yamoussoukro (Ivory Coast).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 90-107, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/effects-macrophytes-aquatic-macro-invertebrates-urban-polluted-lentic-ecosystem-case-man-made-lakes-yamoussoukro-ivory-coast/
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