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The effects of marble industries effluents on water quality in Swat, Northern Pakistan

By: Muhammad Iqbal, Fazal Akbar, Sana Ullah, Imran Anwar, Muhammad Tariq Khan, Asim Nawab, Muhammad Suleman Bacha, Wajid Rashid

Key Words: Chemical parameters, Groundwater, Marble industry, Physical parameters, Swat

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 34-42, July 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0084 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The quality of water is being deteriorating due to rapid increase in industrialization in recent times. The marble industry is the leading waste generating industry causing pollution of both surface and groundwater sources. The current study was conducted to analyze the effects of the marble industry effluents on the groundwater parameters in District Swat, Pakistan. All the 30 groundwater samples were collected in different locations in the study area. Among these, 11 groundwater samples were collected from non-industrial zones (Bahrain and Madyan territory of District Swat) as control sample group whereas 19 groundwater samples were collected from industrial zones (Mingora, Kabal, Kanju and Barikot regions of District Swat) as exposed sample group. The groundwater samples were analyzed using different tools for various physico-chemical parameters such as taste, color, odor, temperature, turbidity, hydrogen ion concentration, total suspended solids, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, total hardness, total chlorine, chloride, nitrate, nitrite, salinity and alkalinity. Most of the groundwater parameters exceeded the standards set by World Health Organization (WHO). It has been concluded from the current study that marble industry effluents have a negative impact on the quality of groundwater in District Swat. Proper treatment would be needed before using such contaminated water for different useful purposes.

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The effects of marble industries effluents on water quality in Swat, Northern Pakistan

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Muhammad Iqbal, Fazal Akbar, Sana Ullah, Imran Anwar, Muhammad Tariq Khan, Asim Nawab, Muhammad Suleman Bacha, Wajid Rashid.
The effects of marble industries effluents on water quality in Swat, Northern Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 34-42, July 2018.
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