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Estimation of heavy metals in River Indus at Pattan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Khalid Usman, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Faiz Ur Rehman, Rafiq Hussain, Wahid Shah, Sahibzada Muhammad Jawad, Arshad Mehmood

Key Words: River, Indus, Pattan, Heavy metals, Toxicity, ppm

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 278-283, May 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0051 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The main goal of the current study was to find out the concentration of heavy metals in River Indus at Pattan site Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Water sampling were carried out from the three selected sites of the River at Pattan site like The Upstream, Mid-Point and Downstream. The amount of heavy metals obtained in the present study was Zn 1.16-1.89 ppm; Cu 1.04-1.25 ppm; Cd 0.56-1.32 ppm; Pb 0.07-1.27 ppm; Cr 0.02-0.18 ppm and Mn 0.04-0.09 ppm respectively. The present results reviled that Cu,Cd, Pb and Cr were above the permissible limits while the remaining heavy metals Zn and Mn were within range. From the present investigation, it can be concluded that water quality of this point is not suitable because of heavy metals toxicity.

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Estimation of heavy metals in River Indus at Pattan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Nazir R, Khan M, Masab M, Rehman HU, Rauf NU, shahab S, Ameer S, Sajed M, Ullah M, 1, Rafeeq M, Shaheen Z. 2015. Accumulation of Heavy Metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, Cr, Pb, Zn, Fe) in the soil, water and plants and analysis of physico-chemical parameters of soil and water Collected from Tanda Dam Kohat. J. Pharm. Sci. & Res. Vol. 7(3), 89-97.

Rehman HU, Ayaz Y, Ullah F, Jadoon MA, Waqas M, Afridi S. 2017. Detection of Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb) and Bacterial Contamination in Drinking Water. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1), 133-138.

Rehman HU, Khan RU, Sajed M, Akbar NU, Rehman JU, Awais S, Ahmad I, Maqbool S, Ullah N, Andaleeb H. 2016. Estimation of Heavy Metal of Molluska Shell, Water and Soil Collected from Darmalak Dam, Tehsil Lachi District Kohat. World Journal of Zoology 11(1), 01-05.

Ullah A, Rehman HU, Saeed W, Quraish MF, Ullah Z, Haroon Rehman RU, Awais S, Raqeebullah, Ahmad W, Saeed K. 2016. Determination of 96-hr LC50 value of cadmium for a fish, Labeo rohita. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4(5), 380-382.

Usman K, Nisa Zu, Gul S, Gul S, Rehman HU, Asad M, Waqar M, Ullah and Ishaq HK. 2017c. Contamination of Heavy metals in River Shah Alam Peshawar: (A tributary of River Kabul) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies  5(5), 510-512.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Adeel S, Shah NA, Shah A, Pervaiz K, Saeed, N, Mussabeha. 2017a. Heavy Metals Accumulation in Labeo rohita (Hamilton) of River Kabul, KPK, Pakistan. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1), 01-07.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Adeel S, Shah W, Pervaiz K, Ullah Z, Ullah R, Arsalan M. 2017b. An Investigation on the toxicity of some trace metals in river Kabul, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1),  95-99.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017d. Exploration of heavy metals in River Kabul at marble factory Kond Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2272-2274.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017e. Evaluation of heavy metals in River Kabul at Khazana Sugar Mill Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2417-2419.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad S, Pervaiz K, Ahmad N, Bilal M, Hussain ST, Jawad SM, Khan M, Akbar MU. 2017f. Heavy metals analysis in River Kabul at Jhangira Upper Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2485-2487.

Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad S, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood mJ, Jawad SM, Din AU, Ihtesham Y. 2017g. Measurement of heavy metals in River Kabul at Khairabad Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2263-2265.

Khalid Usman, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Faiz Ur Rehman, Rafiq Hussain, Wahid Shah, Sahibzada Muhammad Jawad, Arshad Mehmood.
Estimation of heavy metals in River Indus at Pattan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 278-283, May 2018.
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