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Evaluation of heavy metals in River Indus at Jubda Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Khalid Usman, Rizwan Ullah Khan, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Haleema Sadia, Muhammad Ibrahim, Muhammad Ali Subhani, Saiqa Bashir, Nida Shah

Key Words: River, Indus, Upper Jubda, KP, Heavy metals, Concentration.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 263-267, July 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0109 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Heavy metals are the main health hazard pollutants which contaminate aquatic life. These heavy metals accumulate in our food stuff and cause health problems by their toxicity. To explore the amount of heavy metals, a detail study was design to explore heavy metals in River Indus at Jubda site Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Three sampling sites were selected in the present study. Heavy metals recorded in the present research were in the range of Zn 1.18-1.86ppm; Cu 1.06-1.26ppm; Cd 0.07-1.39ppm; Pb 0.06-1.27ppm; Cr 0.03-0.19ppm and Mn 0.03-0.07ppm respectively. Cd, Cd, Pb and Cr were found exceeding the standard level. The current survey demonstrated that the water is not good for any use like irrigation and animals.

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Evaluation of heavy metals in River Indus at Jubda Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Khalid Usman, Rizwan Ullah Khan, Hameed Ur Rehman, Khalid Pervaiz, Inayat Ullah Malik, Haleema Sadia, Muhammad Ibrahim, Muhammad Ali Subhani, Saiqa Bashir, Nida Shah.
Evaluation of heavy metals in River Indus at Jubda Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 263-267, July 2018.
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