International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Flood simulation using geospatial and hydrologic models in Manupali Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines

By: George R. Puno, Rose Angelica L. Amper, Bryan Allan M. Talisay

Key Words: Disaster, Flood hazard, GIS, LiDAR.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(3), 294-303, March 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0023 [Generate Certificate]


Application of geographic information system (GIS) and Hydrologic Engineering Center’s (HEC) Hydrologic Modeling System and River Analysis System model using light detection and ranging (LiDAR)-derived digital elevation model (DEM) dataset to simulate floods at different return periods was conducted. The developed model for Manupali Watershed in Bukidnon, Philippines was calibrated using the May 23, 2016, flood event. The overall model performance was good with 0.65, 18.96, and 0.59 for the root Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency, percent bias, and root mean square error statistics, respectively. The simulated discharge and rainfall intensity duration frequency data were used to simulate flood events for 5-, 25- and 100-year return periods. Flood hazard maps generated within the GIS environment were classified into three different level depths corresponding to low, medium and high, respectively. Maps were validated through interviews and focus group discussions with the localities. The used of LiDAR datasets with hydrologic and GIS models able to generate high resolution and updated flood hazard maps useful in making more precise decisions and actions relative to disaster risk reduction management and mitigation.

| Views 31 |

Flood simulation using geospatial and hydrologic models in Manupali Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines

Alho P, Hyyppa H, Hyyppa J. 2009. Consequences of DEM precision for flood hazard mapping: a case study in SW Finland. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Research 6(1), 21-39.

Arekhi S. 2012. Runoff modeling by HEC-HMS model (case study: Kan watershed, Iran). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences Accessed 21 September 2017.

Chatterjee M, De R, Roy D, Das S, Mazumdar A. 2014. Hydrological modeling studies with HEC-HMS for Damodar basin, India. IDOSI Publications. World Applied Sciences Journal 31, 2148-2154. Accessed 21 September 2017.

Choudhari K, Panigrahi B, Paul JC. 2014. Simulation of the precipitation-runoff process using HEC-HMS model for Balijore Nala watershed, Odisha, India. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences 5(2), 253-265.

Deharme-Calalang GM, Colinet G. 2014. A review of soils and crops in the Bukidnon Highlands of Northern Mindanao, the Philippines. Biotechnology. Agronomy, Society and Environment 18(4), 544-557.

Devi GK, Ganasri BP, Dwarakish GS. 2015. A Review on hydrological Models. In: International Conference on Water Resources, Coastal and Ocean Engineering. Aquatic Procedia 4, 1001-1007.

Dewan AM. 2013. Floods in a Megacity: Geospatial Techniques in Assessing Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability. Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London.

Di Luzio M, Arnold JG, Srinivasan R. 2005. Effects of GIS data quality on small watershed stream flow and sediment simulations. Hydrological Processes 19(3), 629-650.

El Bastawesy M, White K, Nasr A. 2009. Integration of remote sensing and GIS for modeling floods in Wadi Hudian catchment, Egypt. Hydrological Processes 23, 1359-1368.

Glas H, Jonckheere M, Mandal A, James-Williamson S, De Maeyer P, Deruyter G. 2017. A GIS-based tool for flood damage assessment and delineation of a methodology for future risk assessment: case study for Annotto Bay, Jamaica. Natural Hazards doi:10.1007/s11069-017-2920-5.

Gupta HV, Sorooshian S, Yapo PO. 1999. Status of automatic calibration for hydrologic models: Comparison with multilevel expert calibration. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 4(2), 135-143.

Jung Y, Merwade V. 2015. Estimation of uncertainty propagation in flood inundation mapping using a 1-D hydrograph model. Hydrological Processes 29, 624-640.

Krause P, Boyle DP, Base F. 2005. Comparison of different efficiency criteria for hydrological model assessment. European Geosciences Union. Advances in Geosciences 5, 89-97.

Legates DR, Mccabe GJ. 1999. Evaluating the use of “goodness-of-fit” measures in hydrologic and hydroclimatic model validation. Water Resources 35(1), 233-241.

Leong WK, Lai SH. 2017. Application of Water Evaluation and Planning Model for Integrated Water Resources Management: Case Study of Langat River Basin, Malaysia. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 210(1), 1-14.

Lindsay JB, Dhun K. 2015. Modelling surface drainage patterns in altered landscapes using LiDAR. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 29(3), 397-411.

Majidi A, Shahedi K. 2012. Simulation of precipitation-runoff process using green-ampt method and HEC-HMS model (Case Study: Abnama watershed, Iran). International Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 1(1), 5-9.

Mason DC, Horritt MS, Hunter NM, Bates PD. 2007. Use of fused airborne scanning laser altimetry and digital map data for urban flood modeling. Hydrological Processes 21(11), 1436-1447.

Mayomi I, Dami A, Maryah UM. 2013. GIS assessment of flood risk and vulnerability of communities in the floodplains, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Geology 5(4), 148-160.

Merwade V, Ovivera F, Arabe M, Edleman S. 2008. Uncertainty in flood inundation mapping: current issues and future directions. Journal of Hydrology Engineering 13(7), 608-620.

Moriasi DN, Arnold JG, Van Liew MW, Bingner RL, Harmel RD, Veith TL. 2007. Model Evaluation Guidelines for Systematic Quantification of Accuracy in Watershed Simulations. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 50(3), 885−900.

NOAA. 2012. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Coastal Services Center. Lidar 101: An Introduction to LiDAR Technology, Data, and Applications. Revised. Charleston, South Carolina, USA: NOAA Coastal Services Center.

Patro S, Chatterjee C, Singh R, Raghuwanshi NS. 2009. Hydrodynamic modeling of a large flood-prone river system in India with limited data. Hydrological Processes 23(19), 2774-2791.

Puno GR, Amper RAL. 2016. Flood modeling of Musimusi River in Balingasag, Misamis Oriental. Central Mindanao University Journal of Science 20(3), 150-165.

Puno GR, Barro RI. 2016. Alubijid river basin hydrologic modeling in Misamis Oriental for flood risk management. Central Mindanao University Journal of Science 20(3), 97-106.

Puno GR, Talisay BAM, Paquit JC. 2016. GIS-Based flood hazard mapping in Gingoog River, Mindanao. Central Mindanao University Journal of Science 20(3), 81-96.

Rola AC, Sumbalan AT, Suminguit VJ. 2004. Realities of the Watershed Management Approach: The Manupali Watershed Experience. Discussion Paper Series No. 2004-23. Philippine Institute for Development Studies.

Romanowicz RJ, Kiczko A. 2016. An event simulation approach to the assessment of flood level frequencies: risk maps for the Warsaw reach of the River Vistula. Hydrological Processes

DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10857.

Roy D, Begam S, Ghosh S, Jana S. 2013. Calibration and validation of HEC-HMS model for a river basin in eastern India. Asian Research Publishing Network Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 8(1), 40-56.

Santillan JR, Amora AM, Makinano-Santillan M, Marqueso JT, Cutamora LC, Serviano JL, Makinano RM. 2016. Assessing the impacts of flooding caused by extreme rainfall events through a combined geospatial and numerical modeling approach. International Archive. Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing, Spatial Information Science XLI-B8: 1271-1278,, 2016.

Setegn SG, Dargahi B, Srinivasan R, Melesse AM. 2010. Modeling of sediment yield from Anjeni-gauged Watershed, Ethiopia using SWAT model. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 46(3), 514-526.

Suriya S, Mudgal BV, Nelliyat P. 2001. Flood damage assessment of an urban area in Chennai, India part I: methodology. Natural Hazards 62(2), 149-167.

Tebtebba. 2013. Coping with the “New Normal” in Philippine Climate. Indigenous Information Services. E-Newsletter.

Tingsanchali T, Karim MF. 2005. Flood hazard and risk analysis in the southwest region of Bangladesh. Hydrological Processes 19(10), 2055-2069.

Tsanakas K, Gaki-Papanastassiou K, Kalogeropoulos K, Chalkias C, Katsafados P, Karymbalis E. 2016. Investigation of flash flood natural causes of Xirolaki Torrent, Northern Greece based on GIS modeling and geomorphological analysis. Natural Hazards

DOI 10.1007/s11069-016-2471-1.

USACE. 2016. HEC-RAS River Analysis System Hydraulic Reference Manual, Institute for Water Resources Hydrologic Engineering Center, Davis, California, USA.

Valeriano OCS, Koike T, Yang D, Thanda Nyunt C, Duong VK, Chau NL. 2009. Flood simulation using different sources of rainfall in the Huong River, Vietnam. Hydrological Sciences Journal 54(5), 909-917.

Vozinaki AEK, Morianou GG, Alexakis DD, Tsanis IK. 2016. Comparing 1D- and combined 1D/2D hydraulic simulations using high-resolution topographic data, the case study of the Koiliaris basin, Greece. Hydrological Sciences Journal 62(4), 642-656.

Wang W, Yang X, Yao T. 2012. Evaluation of ASTER GDEM and SRTM and their suitability in hydraulic modeling of a glacial lake outburst flood in southeast Tibet. Hydrological Processes 26(2), 213-225.

Yuan Y, Qaiser K. 2011. Floodplain modeling in the Kansas River Basin using Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC) models impacts of urbanization and wetlands for mitigation. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development 2011 – 32 pages.

Zope PE, Eldho TI, Jothiprakash V. 2015. Impacts of urbanization on flooding of a coastal urban catchment: a case study of Mumbai City, India. Natural Hazards 75(1), 887-908.

George R. Puno, Rose Angelica L. Amper, Bryan Allan M. Talisay.
Flood simulation using geospatial and hydrologic models in Manupali Watershed, Bukidnon, Philippines.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(3), 294-303, March 2018.
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update