International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Growing Bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Kangkong (Ipomea aquatica) using natural pesticides and organic fertilizers

By: Gamini Hitinayake, Roshini Ratnayake, Chandimal Gunarathna

Key Words: Organic farming, Bush bean, KANGKONG, Neem, Cow urine, Cattle slurry

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 191-200, July 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0100 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the use of natural pesticides to control pests in bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and to study the effect of different organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Kangkong (Ipomea aquatica). In the first experiment Neem Seed Kernel Extract (T1), Tobacco Décoction (T2), Cow Urine (T3), and Synthetic Insecticides (T4) were used as treatments to control common insect pests damaging bush bean. All the treatments were able to reduce insect damage when compared to control. No differences were observed among neem seed kernel extraction, tobacco decoction and cow urine in controlling bean fly (Phaseolus vulgaris), leaf miner (Liriomyza trifoli), leaf eating caterpillars (Hedylepta indicate), whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) and leaf eating beetles (Cerotoma trifurcate) of bean during vegetative stage. Pod borer damage was successfully controlled by Neem seed kernel extract. In the second experiment Cattle Slurry+Compost (T1), Organic Liquid fertilizer (AlgifolTM)+Compost (T2), Recommended Inorganic Fertilizer (T3), Compost (T4), Control (T5), Organic Liquid fertilizer (AlgifolTM) (T6) and Cattle Slurry (T7) were evaluated as fertilizers for growing Kangkong. Highest fresh and dry weight of the leaves were obtained with the application of Cattle slurry + Compost (T1) and inorganic fertilizer (T3). This shows that Kangkong grows best with fertilizer having high nutrients and they are easily available. Mean differences of fresh and dry weight of Kangkong yield among Compost (T4), Algifol (T6) and Cattle slurry (T7) applied treatments were non-significant (P=0.05). This study shows that Bush bean and Kangkong can be grown successfully using organic methods.

| Views 57 |

Growing Bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Kangkong (Ipomea aquatica) using natural pesticides and organic fertilizers

Algifol. 2018. Algifol™. Neomed Pharma GmbH.  Germany. Available at: http://neomed-pharma.com/ epages/f61d84d7-ac96-4fe6-8b64-9f6e616d57ec.sf/en GB/?ObjectPath=/Shops/f61d84d7-ac96-4fe6-8b64-9f 6e616d57ec /Categories/Lentreprise [Accessed 05.

AVRDC. 2000. Sustainable Homegardening. The world vegetable center (AVRDC). 45pp.

Butterworth JH, Morgan ED. 1971. Investigation of the locust feeding inhibition of the seeds of the neem tree, Azadirachta indica. Journal of Insect Physiology 17, 969-977.

Choudhary S, Kushwaha M, Seema Singh P, Sodani R, Sunil Kumar. 2017. Cow Urine: A Boon for Sustainable Agriculture. International Journal for Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. Vol. 6(2), 1824-1829.

DOA. 2018. List of banned and or severely restricted pesticides in Sri Lanka. Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka. Available at: https://www.doa.gov.lk/SCPPC/ images/ROP/Tabel.pdf [Accessed 05 June 2018]

FWMF. 2017. A Guide to Organic Pesticide preparation from Neem seed extract. The Fankaso Women Marketing Federation, Central River Region, The Gambia. The project was funded by the GEF-Small Grants Programme.

Hikal WM, Baeshen RS, Said-Al Ahl HAH. 2017. Botanical insecticide as simple extractives for pest control. Cogent Biology 3, 1404274.

Hitinayake G, Silva R, Vithanage I. 2008. Ecoagriculture Systems and Technologies (in Sinhala). 86pp.

Lavie D, Jain MK, Shpan-Gabrielith SR. 1967. A locust phago-repellent from two media species. Chemical Communications, Royal Society of Chemistry 13, 910-911.

Mordue AJ, Blackwell A. 1993. Azadirachtin: an update. Journal of Insect Physiology, 39, 903-924.

Pathak CS, Tiwari SK. 2012. Insecticidal action of neem seed (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) acetone extract against the life-cycle stages of rice-moth, Corcyra cephalonica Staint. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8(5), 529-536.

PROTA Foundation. 2004. Plant resources of tropical Africa 2: Vegetables. Backhuys Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands 666 pp.

Punyawardena BVR. 2008. Rainfall and agro-ecological regions of Sri Lanka. Natural Resource Management Center, Department of Agriculture. 129p.

Smith RT. 2007. Organic farming: sustaining earth and people. Center for sustainable farming and energy, Sri Lanka. 167pp.

Stoll G. 2000. Natural Crop Protection in the Tropics: Letting Information Come to Life. Margraf Verlag 376pp.

Vardhini D, Mary A, Raja S, Renuka P. 1997. Influence of azadirachtin on the ecdysone-controlled developmental processes in the stored grain pest, Tribolium confusum (Duval). Nigerian Journal of Entomology 14/15, 90-98.

Verkerk RHJ, Wrightm DJ. 1993. Biological activity of neem seed kernel extracts and synthetic Azadirachtin against larvae of Plutella xylostella L. Pesticide Science 37, 83-91.

Gamini Hitinayake, Roshini Ratnayake, Chandimal Gunarathna.
Growing Bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and Kangkong (Ipomea aquatica) using natural pesticides and organic fertilizers.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 191-200, July 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/growing-bush-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-kangkong-ipomea-aquatica-using-natural-pesticides-organic-fertilizers/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update