International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Hematological Profile of Pekin Duck (Anas platyrhynchos F) Fed with Moringa Oleifera leaf meal as soybean oil meal substitute under mixed orchard farming system

By: Froilan A. Pacris, JR

Key Words: Hematological Analysis, Pekin Duck, Moringa Oleifera Leal Meal (MOLM), Mixed Orchard Farming System.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(2), 265-271, August 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The study was conducted to determine the hematological profile of pekin ducks fed different levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) as soybean oil meal (SOM) substitute. A total of 150 F1 growing Pekin ducks were randomly distributed into 15 ranged pens under mixed orchard equally representing 5 dietary treatments to evaluate the haematological profile of ducks. The study was undertaken from February 6 to March 5, 2016 at Sanchez Mira, Cagayan, Philippines. The treatments were: Treatment T0 (control) 100% SOM as protein source, T1-25% MOLM substitution of SOM, T2-50% MOLM substitution, T3-75% MOLM substitution, T4-100% MOLM. The study was done in CRD with three replications per treatment. Treatment 3 (75 % MOLM) recorded the highest RBC count followed by T4, T1, T2 and T0. Although there were differences in the mean values, the RBC counts of the different treatments were within the normal range of values of RBC in ducks. The same trend as with the RBC count has been observed in the PCV values wherein all PCV means of the different treatments were within the reference or normal rate. Results from RBC count and PCV indicate that the birds were not suffering from any disease like anemia which is the decrease number of functional erythrocytes which might be due to deficient blood formation because of poor nutrition including dietary deficiencies of iron, vitamins and amino acids.

| Views 11 |

Hematological Profile of Pekin Duck (Anas platyrhynchos F) Fed with Moringa Oleifera leaf meal as soybean oil meal substitute under mixed orchard farming system

Ash AJ, Petaia LA. 1992. Nutritional value of Sesbania grandiflora leaves for ruminant and monogastrics. Trop. Agric. (Trinidad), 69: 223-228. Opara, C.C., 1996. Studies on the Use of Aklchornia cordifolla Leaf Meal as Feed Ingredient in Poultry Diets. MSc Thesis. Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

Atawodi SE, Atawodi JC, Idakwo GA. 2010. Evaluation of the polyphenol content and antioxidant properties of methanol extracts of the leaves, stem, and root barks of Moringa oleifera Lam. J. Med. Food 13, 710-716.

Austic RE, Neishen MC. 1990. Poultry Production. Lea and Febiger Publisher, pp. 260-275.

Aye PA, Adegun MK. 2013. Chemical composition and some functional properties of Moringa, Leucaena and Gliricidia leaf meals. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 4(1), 71-77.

Ayssiwede S, Dieng A, Bello H, Chrysostome C, Hane M, Mankor A, Dahouda M, Houinato M, Hornick J, Missohou A. 2011. Effects of Moringa oleifera (Lam.) leaves meal incorporation in diets on growth performances, carcass characteristics and economics results of growing indigenous Senegal chickens. Pak. J. Nutr 10, 1132-1145.

Coles EH. 1986. Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 4th Ed. WB Saunders. Philadelphia Djakalia B, Guichard B, Soumaila D. 2011. Effect of Moringa oleifera on Growth Performance and Health Status of Young Post-Weaning Rabbits. Research Journal of Poultry Sciences. Vol 4(1). Pp 7-13.

D’Mello J, Acamovic T, Walker AG. 1987. Evaluation of leucaena leaf meal for broiler growth and pigmentation. Trop. Agric. (Trinidad), 64, 33-35. DZARC (Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center), 2003.

Djakalia B, Guichard B, Soumaila D. 2011. Effect of Moringa oleifera on Growth Performance and Health Status of Young Post-Weaning Rabbits. Research Journal of Poultry Sciences. Vol 4(1), pp 7-13.

Donovan P. 2007. Moringa oleifera seeds for cultivation.

Esonu BO, Emenalom OO, Udedibie,  Herbert ABI, Ekpor U, Okolie CF. 2001. Performance and Blood Chemistry of Weaner Pigs fed with raw mucuna (velvet bean) Tropical Animal Production Investigation 4, 49-54.

Fahey JW, Zalcmann AT, Talalay P. 2001. The chemical diversity and distribution of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates among plants. Phytochemistry 56(10), 5-51.

Mabruk AA, Talib HN, Mohamed MA, Alawad AH. 2010. A note on the potential use of Moringa oleifera tree as animal feed, Hillat Kuku. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production 1(2), 184-188.

Makkar HPS, Becker K. 1997. Nutrient and quality factors on different morphological parts the Moringa tree. J. Agric. Sci 128, 311-322.

Makkar HPS, Singh B, Negi SS. 1990. Tannin levels and their degree of polymerization and specific activity in some agro-industrial by-products. Biolog. Wastes 31, 137-144. Kieg and Fox (1978).

Moreki JC, Gabanakgosi K. 2014 Potential Use of Moringa oleifera in Poultry Diets.

Nautiyal BP, Venhataraman KG. 1987. Moringa (Drumstick) an ideal tree for social forestry. 1: Growing conditions and uses. My forest 23, 53-58.

Nouala FS, Akinbamijo OO, Adewumi A, Hoffman E, Muetzel S, Becker K. 2006. The influence of Moringa oleifera leaves as substitute to conventional concentrate on thein vitro gas production and digestibility of groundnut hay. Livestock Research for Rural Development 18(121). Article available at: http://www.lrrd.org/ lrrd18/9/noua18121.htm(Accessed 24 February 2012)

Olugbemi TS, Mutayoba SK, Lekule FP. 2010. Effect of Moringa oleifera inclusion in cassava based diets fed to broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci 9, 363-367.

Onu PN, Aniebo AO. 2011. Influence of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the performance and blood chemistry of starter broilers, Nigeria. International Journal of Food Agriculture and Veterinary Science 1(1), 38-44.

Onyimonyi AE, Adeyemi O, Okeke GC. 2009. Performance and economic characteristics of broilers fed varying dietary levels of neem leaf meal (Azadirachta indica). Int. J. Poult. Sci 8, 256-259.

Opara CC. 1996. Studies on the Use of Aklchornia cordifolla Leaf Meal as Feed Ingredient in Poultry Diets. MSc Thesis. Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

Orji BI, Okeke GC, Akunyiba AO. 1986a, Hematological studies on the Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris Pallas): I. Effect of age, sex and time of bleeding on the hematological values of guinea fowls. Nig. J. of Anim. Prod 13, 94-99. 19.

Orji BI, Okeke GC, Ojo OO. 1986b. Hematological studies on the Guinea fowl (Numida meleagris Pallas): II. Effect of age, sex and time of bleeding on protein and electrolyte levels in blood serum of guinea fowls. Nig. J. Anim. Prod 13, 100-106.

Paguia HM, Paguia RQ, Flores RC, Balba CM. 2012. Utilization and evaluation of Moringa oleifera as poultry feeds.

Pascalonpekelniczky A, Chauve CM, Gauthey M. 1994, Infection in mallard duck with Eimeria mulardi SP-NOV. Effect on growth, and different hematological and biochemical parameters. Veterinary Research 25(1), 37-50. 21.

Pascalonpekelniczky A, Michoudet C, Chauve CM. 1996, Blood enzyme changes in female mule duck (Cairina moschata x Anas platyrhynchos) experimentally infected with Eimeria mulard. Avian Pathology 25(4), 785-798.

Froilan A. Pacris, JR.
Hematological Profile of Pekin Duck (Anas platyrhynchos F) Fed with Moringa Oleifera leaf meal as soybean oil meal substitute under mixed orchard farming system.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(2), 265-271, August 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/hematological-profile-pekin-duck-anas-platyrhynchos-f-fed-moringa-oleifera-leaf-meal-soybean-oil-meal-substitute-mixed-orchard-farming-system/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update