International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Hydrogeochemical characterization and assessment of the quality of surface waters of Oued Saf-Saf (North-East Algeria)

By: Salim Boubelli, Hicham Chaffai, Bachir Sakaa, Mohamed Djidel, Nacer Kherici

Key Words: Oued Saf-Saf, Hydrogeochemistry, Pollution parameters, Surface water

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(2), 168-178, February 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0197 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The study of the hydrogeochemical characteristics for evaluation of surface water quality in the Oued Saf-Saf required the taking of 13 surface samples all along the watercourse, from upstream to downstream in order to get an idea of the evolution of water quality on the route from the wadi to the mouth of the Mediterranean Sea. The analyzes therefore focused on the determination of the principal mineral elements, chemical and biochemical oxygen demand, lead, copper, total coliforms, fecal coliforms, fecal streptococci and clostridium sulphito-reducers. Examination of the variation in the chemical composition of the surface water in the Oued Saf-Saf along the flow line to the outlet indicates high concentrations of bicarbonates and calcium probably at the dissolution of calcic and carbonate facies. The denitrification process, the dissolution of dolomite and calcite can explain the geochemical characteristics of the surface waters studied. The determination of organic pollutants by the organic pollution indices (IPO) and the biodegradability index (IB) is therefore based on the parameters of BOD5, COD, O2, nitrates, nitrites, ammoniums, phosphates and the microbiological quality index (IQM). The results obtained describe a worrying situation of the state of this river, dangerously threatened by human activities. The IPO shows low to moderate pollution that changes from upstream to downstream and the IB is greater than 3, indicating non-biodegradable effluents. On the other hand, the IQM suggests a moderate fecal contamination, which can be explained by the continuous improvement of the connection of the riverins to the collection and seeding networks.

| Views 67 |

Hydrogeochemical characterization and assessment of the quality of surface waters of Oued Saf-Saf (North-East Algeria)

ABH-CSM. 2000. Le bassin des côtiers Constantinois Est, cahier de l’agence «Bassin des côtiers constantinois» N° 4, 55-75.

Bovesse M, Depelchin A. 1980Cartographie de la pollution des cours d’eau de la province de Namuranalyses bactériologiquesRapport final (Janvier 1979-Janvier 198025 p.

Chaffai H, Laouar R, Djabri L, Hani A. 2006. Etude de la vulnérabilité à la pollution des eaux de la nappe alluviale de Skikda: Application de la méthode DRASTIC. Bulletin du Service Géologique National, Vol 17, n° 1, 63-74.

Colom G, Castany G, Durant Delga M. 1954. Microfaunes pélagiques (Calpionnelles, Fissurines) dans le Nord Est de la Berbérie. Bulletin du Service Géologique de la France (6)III, 517-533.

Djidi K, Bakalowicz M, Benali A. 2008. Mixed, classical and hydrothermal karstification in a carbonate aquifer hydrogeological consequence.The case of the Saida aquifer system, Algeria. C.R. Geosci 340, 462-473.

Dordan O, Suppo C. 1997. Qualitative analysis applied to population dynamics. Journal of Biological Systems 5(1).

Dosso M. 1980. Géochimie des sols salés et des eaux d’irrigation. Aménagement de la Basse Vallée de l’Euphrate en Syrie. Thèse Doct. Ing. Institut national
polytechnique, Toulouse 181 p.

Gaujous D. 1995. La pollution des milieux aquatiques : Aide-mémoire. Edition Technique et Documentation Lavoisier, Paris 220p.

Khelfaoui F, Zouini D, Tandjir L. 2014. Quantitative and qualitative diagnosis of water resources in the Saf-Saf river basin (north east of Algeria), Desalin. Water Treat 52, 2017-2021.

Khelfaoui H, Hani A, Chaffai H. 2009. Etude de la pollution des eaux souterraines en métaux lourds et leur impact sur l’environnement, cas de la région de Berrahal (Annaba, Algérie), 3ième Colloque International sur la Gestion des Ressources en Eau, Tipaza, ENSH Blida 374-383.

Labar S, Hani A, Cunningham C, Djabri L. 2007. Groundwater Contamination and Controlling Pollution Factors Within a Coastal Industrial Area, 133 Skikda, Algeria, Online Journal of Earth Sciences 1(4), 188-193.

Leclercq L, Maquet B. 1987. Deux nouveaux indices chimique et diatomique de qualité d’eau courante. Application au Samson et à ses affluents (bassin de la Meuse belge). Comparaison avec d’autres indices chimiques, biocénotiques et diatomiques. Inst. roy. Sc. nat. Belg., Document de travail 38, 113 p.

Mahjoub Y, Merle O. 1990. Cinématique des déformations tertiaires dans le massif de Petite Kabylie (Algérie orientale). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 8(4), 629-634.

Moletta R. 2005. Chapitre 4: La pollution de l’eau, l’eau, sa pollution et son traitement 1-13.

Raoult JF, Mouterde R. 1969. Nouvelles données sur les séries secondaires du Kef M’Souna et du Kef Sebargoud (Nord du Constantinois). Bulletin du Service Géologique de l’Algérie, (Nlle série), No 39, 171-188.

Rassam A, Chaouch A, Bourkhiss B, Ouhssine M, Lakhlifi T, Bourkhiss M, El Watik L. 2012. Tech. de Lab 7, 28 p.

Rodier J. 1984. L’analyse de l’eau : eaux naturelles, eaux résiduaires, eaux de mer. 7ème Ed. Bordas 1345 p.

Sakaa B, Chaffai H, Hani A. 2013. The use of artificial neural networks in the modeling of socioeconomic category of integrated water resources management (Case study: Saf-Saf river basin, north east of Algeria), Arabian J. Geosci 6, 3969-3978.

Sakaa B, Merdas S, Mostephaoui T, Chaffai H, Hani A, Djabri L. 2015. The application of ANNs and multivariate statistical techniques to characterize a relationship between total dissolved solids and pressure indicators: a case study of the Saf-Saf river basin, Algeria, Desalination and Water Treatment 1-14.

Tardy Y. 1980. Géochimie des interactions entre les eaux, les minéraux et les roches, S.A.R.L. ELEMENTS, édit. Tarbes 199 p.

Thilagavathi R, Chidambaram R, Prasanna S, Thivya MV, Singaraja C. 2012. A study on groundwater geochemistry and water quality in layered aquifers system of Pondicherry region, southeast India. Appl. Water Sci.

DOI 10.1007/s13201-012-0045-2.

Valles V. 1987. Modélisation des transferts d’eau et de sels dans un sol argileux : application au calcul des doses d’irrigation. Sci. Géol., Mém 79, 148p.

Salim Boubelli, Hicham Chaffai, Bachir Sakaa, Mohamed Djidel, Nacer Kherici.
Hydrogeochemical characterization and assessment of the quality of surface waters of Oued Saf-Saf (North-East Algeria).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(2), 168-178, February 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/hydrogeochemical-characterization-assessment-quality-surface-waters-oued-saf-saf-north-east-algeria/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update