International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Impact of planting date and row spacing on growth, yield and quality of Soybean; A Review

By: Bilal Ahmad Khan, Amjed Ali, Muhammad Ather Nadeem, Asad Elahi, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Mohsin Amin, Muhammad Fraz Ali, Muhammad Waqas, Amir Aziz, Muhammad Kashif Sohail, Abdul Wahab, Tariq Abdullah Khan, Hamza Yousaf, Muhammad Shozib Javed

Key Words: Soybean, Yield, Planting date, Row spacing

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(2), 121-129, August 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0312 [Generate Certificate]


Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] is recognized as the “Golden bean” of the 21st century. The global rising demand of soybean is owing to its inimitable composition, outstanding dietetic value and health benefits. However, soybean grain yield is extremely less than regarding its yield potential. Main factors that reduce its yield are climate unevenness, inappropriate growing time, lower germination percentage, meager quality, scarcity of seed irrigation, improper planting space and weeds. Suitable planting date of soybean is probably most conspicuous cultural practice for maximizing seed yield. Line spacing is one of the major parameter that eventually affects nutrients uptake, growth and capitulate of plant. Keeping in above the above situation present is designed to evaluate the best planting date and row spacing for improving production.

| Views 67 |

| Views 67 |

Impact of planting date and row spacing on growth, yield and quality of Soybean; A Review

Anderson LR, Vasilas BL. 1985. Effects of planting date on two soybean cultivars: seasonal dry matter accumulation and seed yield. Crop Science 25, 999-1004.

Andrade FH, Calvino P, Cirilo A, Barbieri P. 2002. Yield responses to narrow rows depend on increased radiation interception. Agronomy Journal 94, 975-980. 2002.

Berger-Doyle J, Zhang B, Smith SF, Chen P. 2014. Planting date, irrigation, and row spacing effects on agronomic traits of food-grade soybean. Advances in Crop Science and Technology 44, 46-57.

Bertram MG, Pedersen P. 2004. Adjusting management practices using glyphosate-resistant soybean cultivars. Agronomy Journal 96, 462-468.

Board JE, Harville BG, Saxton AM. 1990. Narrow-row seed-yield enhancement in determinate soybean. Agronomy Journal 82, 64-68.

Board JE, Harville BG. 1992. Explanations for greater light interception in narrow-vs. wide-row. Crop Science 32, 198-202. 10.2135 /cropsci1992.0011183X003200010041x

Board JE, Kahlon CS. 2013. Morphological responses to low plant population differ between soybean genotypes. Crop Science 53, 1109-1119.

https ://

Board JE, Kang MS, Harville BG. 1999. Path analyses of the yield formation process for late-planted soybean. Agronomy Journal 91, 128-135.

Bullock D, Khan S, Rayburn A. 1998. Soybean yield response to narrow rows is largely due to enhanced early growth. Crop Science 38, 1011-1016.

Calvino PA, Sadras VO, Andrade FH. 2003. Quantification of environmental and management effects on the yield of late-sown soybean. Field Crops Research 83, 67-77.

Calvino PA, Sadras VO. 1999. Interannual variation in soybean yield: interaction among rainfall, soil depth and crop management. Field Crops Research 63, 237-246. S037 8- 4290(99)00040-4

Chauhan BS, Johnson DE. 2010. Implications of narrow crop row spacing and delayed Echinochloa colona and Echinochloa crus-galli emergence for weed growth and crop yield loss in aerobic rice. Field Crops Research 117, 177-182.

Clifton-Brown J, Schwarz KU, Hastings A. History of the development of Miscanthus as a bioenergy crop: from small beginnings to potential realisation. In Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy (2015; Vol. 115, No. 1, pp. 45-57). Royal Irish Academy.

De Bruin JL, Pedersen P. 2008. Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on soybean yield. Agronomy Journal 100, 704-710.

Dornbos DL, Mullen RE. 1992. Soybean seed protein and oil contents and fatty acid composition adjustments by drought and temperature. Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society 69(3), 228-231.

Egbe OM. 2010. Effects of plant density of intercropped soybean with tall sorghum on competitive ability of soybean and economic yield at Otobi, Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 1, 1-10.

Egli DB, Bruening W. 1992. Planting date and soybean yield: evaluation of environmental effects with a crop simulation model: SOYGRO. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 62(2), 19-29.

https://doi. org/ 10. 1016/0168-1923(92)90003-M

Egli DB, Bruening W. 2000. Potential of early-maturing soybean cultivars in late plantings. Agronomy Journal 92(3), 532-537.

https :// 10.2134 /agronj2000.923532x

Egli DB, Cornelius PL. 2009. A regional analysis of the response of soybean yield to planting date. Agronomy Journal 101, 330-335.

Elmore RW. 1998. Soybean cultivar responses to row spacing and seeding rates in rainfed and irrigated environments. Journal of production agriculture 11, 326-331.

Endres JG. 2001. Soy protein products: characteristics, nutritional aspects, and utilization. AOCS Publishing.

Farnham DE. 2001. Row spacing, plant density, and hybrid effects on corn grain yield and moisture. Agronomy Journal 93, 1049-1053.

Franklin KA, Whitelam GC. 2005. Phytochromes and shade-avoidance responses in plants. Annals of botany 96, 169-175.

Hamman B, Egli DB, Koning G. 2002. Seed vigor, soil borne pathogens, pre-emergent growth, and soybean seedling emergence. Crop Science 42, 451-457.

Heatherly LG. 1988. Planting date, row spacing, and irrigation effects on soybean grown on clay soil. Agronomy Journal 80, 227-231.

Hoeft RG, Aldrich SR, Nafziger ED. 2000 Johnson RR. Modern corn and soybean production.

Holshouser DL, Whittaker JP. 2002. Plant population and row-spacing effects on early soybean production systems in the Mid-Atlantic USA. Agronomy Journal 94, 603-611.

https:// 10.2134/agronj2002.6030

Hymowitz T. 1990. Soybeans: The success story. Advances in New Crops 18, 159-163.

Kahlon CS, Board JE. 2012. Growth dynamic factors explaining yield improvement in new versus old soybean cultivars. Journal of Crop Improvement 26, 282-299. /15427528.2011.637155

Khubele K. 2015. Effect of Varieties and Row Spacings on Growth, Yield Attributes and Productivity of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] (M.Sc., Thesis), Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior (MP), India.

Lambert DM, Lowenberg-DeBoer J. 2003. Economic analysis of row spacing for corn and soybean. Agronomy Journal 95, 564-573.

https:// 10.2134/agronj2003.5640

Lee CD. 2006. Reducing row spacing to increase yield: Why it doesn’t always work. Online. Crop Management.

Loomis RS, Connor DJ. 1992. Crop Ecology: Productivity and management in agricultural systems. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.

Lueschen WE, Ford JH, Evans SD, Kanne BK, Hoverstad TR, Randall GW, Hicks DR. 1992. Tillage, row spacing, and planting date effects on soybean following corn or wheat. Journal of production agriculture 5, 254-260. 10.2134/jpa1992.0254

Meyer DW, Badaruddin M. 2001. Frost tolerance of ten seedling legume species at four growth stages. Crop Science 41, 1838-1842. 10.2135/cropsci2001.1838

Oplinger ES, Philbrook BD. 1992. Soybean planting date, row width, and seeding rate response in three tillage systems. Journal of Production Agriculture 5, 94-99.

Paszkiewicz S. 1997. Narrow row width influence on corn yield. In Proceedings 51st Annual Corn and Sorghum Research Conference; Chicago, IL. American Seed Trade Association, Washington, DC, 130-138.

Pedersen P, Lauer JG. 2003. Corn and soybean response to rotation sequence, row spacing, and tillage system. Agronomy Journal 95, 965-971.

Pedersen P, Lauer JG. 2004. Response of soybean yield components to management system and planting date. Agronomy Journal 96, 1372-1381.

Porter PM, Hicks DR, Lueschen WE, Ford JH, Warnes DD, Hoverstad TR. 1997. Corn response to row width and plant population in the northern corn belt. Journal of Production Agriculture 10, 293-300.

Rehan J. 2002. Effect of planting patterns on growth and yield of different legumes (M.Sc., Thesis), Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Rehman M, Khaliq T, Ahmad A, Wajid SA, Rasul F, Hussain, Hussain S. 2014. Effect of planting time and cultivar on soybean performance in Semi–Arid Punjab, Pakistan. Global Journal. of Science Frontier Research: Agriculture and Veterinary 14, 3-1.

Robinson AP, Conley SP, Volenec JJ, Santini JB. 2009. Analysis of high yielding, early-planted soybean in Indiana. Agronomy Journal 101, 131-139.

Sadras VO. 2007. Evolutionary aspects of the trade-off between seed size and number in crops. Field Crops Research 100, 125-138.

Sangoi L, Ender M, Guidolin AF, Almeida MLD, Heberle PC. 2001. Influence of row spacing reduction on maize grain yield in regions with a short summer. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 36, 861-869.

Sweeney DW, Granade GV, Burton RO. 1995. Early and traditionally maturing soybean varieties grown in two planting systems. Journal of production agriculture 8, 373-379. 4/jpa1

Taylor HM, Mason WK, Bennie ATP, Rowse HR. 1982. Responses of soybeans to two row spacings and two soil water levels. I. An analysis of biomass accumulation, canopy development, solar radiation interception and components of seed yield. Field Crops Research 5, 1-14. 10.1016/0378-4290(82)90002-8

Trostle R. 2010. Global agricultural supply and demand: factors contributing to the recent increase in food commodity prices. rev. Diane Publishing.

Vonk J. 2014. Yield response of soybean to planting date and row spacing in Illinois. (M.Sc., Thesis), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Weaver DB, Akridge RL, Thomas CA. 1991. Growth habit, planting date, and row-spacing effects on late-planted soybean. Crop Science 31, 805-810.

Wrather JA, Koenning SR, Anderson TR. 2003. Effect of diseases on soybean yields in the United States and Ontario (1999 to 2002). Plant Health Progress 4, 24-29.

Yari L, Daryaei F, Sadeghi H. 2015. Evaluation of seed size and NaCl stress on germination and early seedling growth of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 7, 60-65.

Bilal Ahmad Khan, Amjed Ali, Muhammad Ather Nadeem, Asad Elahi, Muhammad Adnan, Muhammad Mohsin Amin, Muhammad Fraz Ali, Muhammad Waqas, Amir Aziz, Muhammad Kashif Sohail, Abdul Wahab, Tariq Abdullah Khan, Hamza Yousaf, Muhammad Shozib Javed.
Impact of planting date and row spacing on growth, yield and quality of Soybean; A Review.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(2), 121-129, August 2020.
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update