International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Implementing sustainable development Goals 1, 3.9, 7, and 13 through adoption of green concept in environmental management: Case of Nairobi, Kenya

By: Kathambi Bessy Eva, Mutembei Henry M’ikiugu

Key Words: Green concept, Sustainable Development Goals, Environment, Kenya.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(3), 1-10, March 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0205 [Generate Certificate]


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emerging from the Rio Earth Summit provided substantial synergy on environmental management. Kenya in her Vision 2030 agenda prioritized implementation of SDGs. This paper documents the evidence for the process of implementation of SDGs in Nairobi through adoption of green concept in environmental management. The emphasis is on the SDGs that are dependent on protected, conserved and preserved environment. Data was collected by surveying 92 households and five key informants (n=97) using semi-structured questionnaires, interviews and observations. The non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was used to determine the degree of connectivity between the process of implementation of SDGs and adoption of the green concept in environmental management. The respondents’ knowledge, attitudes and practice on implementation of SDGs through green concept in environmental management was significantly low. About sixty percent thought SDG 1 would be enhanced through attributes that protect the environment while attributed implementation of SDG 3.9 would be implemented through preserved environment. Again majority of them perceived SDG 7 would be implemented through use of clean energy devices. However, it’s only the minority that thought SDG 13 would be implemented through conservation of the environment. Majority of respondents were of the views that increased awareness, improved institutional capacity, enhanced enforcement, and individual aptness would enhance implementation of the SDGs through adoption of green concept in environmental management.

| Views 108 |

Implementing sustainable development Goals 1, 3.9, 7, and 13 through adoption of green concept in environmental management: Case of Nairobi, Kenya

Boussofiane A, Dyson RG, Thanassoulis E. 1991. Applied Data Envelopment Analysis. European Journal of Operational Research 52, 1 – 15.

Camilla Bausch, Michael Mehling. 2011. Addressing the Challenge of Global Climate Mitigation An Assessment of Existing Venues and Institutions.

CGAP. 2016. Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals: The Role of Financial Inclusion.

Cooper WW, Seiford LM, Tone K. 2002. Data Envelopment Analysis: A comprehensive text with models, applications, references and DEA-solver software. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht. p 1-213.

De Koeijer TJ, Wossink GAA, Struik PC, Renkema JA. 2002. Measuring agricultural sustainability in terms of efficiency: the case of Dutch sugar beet growers. Journal of environmental management 66, 9 – 17.

Driessen P, Dieperink C, Van Laerhoven F, Runhaar H, Vermeulen W. 2012. ‘Towards a conceptual framework for the study of shifts in modes of environmental governance: Experiences from the Netherlands’, Environmental Policy and Governance 22(3), 143–60.

Dullinger S, Dirnböck T, Greimler J, Grabherr G. 2003. A resampling approach of evaluating effects of pasture abandonment on subalpine plant species diversity. Journal of Vegetation Science 14, 243 – 252.

European Commission. 2004. “On Promoting Good Governance.”

Färe R, Grosskopf S 2004. New Directions: Efficiency and Productivity, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Färe R, Grosskopf S, Lovell CAK. 1994. Production frontiers. Cambridge University Press.…pdf

Faria SC. 2006. “Pesquisa na UCB: indicadores de sustentabilidade”, International Seminar on Research on Indicators of Sustainable Development, Sa˜ o Paulo, August 2006, available at:

Florida R, Davison D. 2001. Gaining from green management. California          Management Review, 43(3), 63-84.

Fonderflick J, Lepart J, Caplat P, Debussche M, Marty P. 2010. Managing agricultural change for biodiversity. Biological Conservation 143, 737–746.

Government of Kenya, Efficiency Monitoring Unit. 2010. Management Audit Report for the National Environmental Management Agency.

Government of Kenya. 2004. “Economic Survey”. Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Nairobi.

Government of Kenya. 2007. Millennium Development Goals, Status Report for Kenya – 2007. Government of Kenya, Nairobi.…/MDGs%20Report/Kenya%20MDGs%20Status%20Report

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change. 2007. Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change.

Jahnke HE, Jahnke HE. 1982. Livestock production systems and livestock development in tropical Africa, 35.

Kabubo-Mariara J, Karanja FK. 2007. “The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Kenyan Crop Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach”. Glob planet change 57, 319-330.

KFSSG. 2008. “KFSSG’s Long Rains Assessment Report”. Kenya Food Security Steering Group.

Kleijn D, Kohler F, Báldi A, Batáry P, Concepción ED, Clough Y, Díaz M, Gabriel D, Holzschuh A, Knop E, Kovács A, Marshall EJP, Tscharntke T, Verhulst J. 2009. On the relationship between farmland biodiversity and land-use intensity in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society 276, 903 – 909.

Kuemmerle T, Hostert P, Radeloff VC, Van der Linden S, Perzanowski K, Kruhlov I. 2008. Cross-border comparison of post-socialist farmland abandonment in the Carpathians. Ecosystems 11, 614-628.

Kuosmanen T, Kortelainen M. 2004. Data Envelopment Analysis in environmental valuation: environmental performance, eco-efficiency and cost-benefit analysis. Working paper, ISBN 952-458- 528-6.

Kuosmanen T, Kortelainen M. 2005. Measuring Eco- efficiency of Production with Data Envelopment Analysis. Journal of Industrial Ecology 9(4), 59 – 72.

Lauwers LH, Van Huylenbroeck G. 2003. Materials balance based modelling of environmental efficiency. Paper at the 25th International Conference of Agricultural Economists, August 16-22, Durban, South Africa.

Lesschen JP, Stoorvogel JJ,  Smaling EMA. 2004. Scaling soil nutrient balances. Enabling mesolevel applications for African realities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin 15) – ISBN 9251052379 – 132 p.

Mac Donald D, Crabtree JR, Wiesinger G, Dax, T, Stamou N, Fleury P, Gutierrez Lazpita J, Gibon A. 2000. Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental Consequences and policy response. Journal of Environmental Management 59, 47 – 69.

Mark Maslin. 2009. Global Warming. A Very Short Introduction.…/global-warming-a-very-short-introduction-9780199548248

Mc Dermott JJ, Staal SJ, Freeman HA, Herrero M, Van de Steeg JA. 2010. Sustaining intensification of smallholder livestock systems in the tropics. Livestock science 130(1), 95-109.

Michelsen O, de Boer L. 2009. Green procurement in Norway; a survey of practices at the municipal and county level. Journal of Environmental Management 91, 160–167.

Mosse D. 2010. A Relational Approach to Durable Poverty, Inequality and Power. Journal of Development Studies 46(7), 1156-1178.

Reinhard S, Lovell CAK, Thijssen G. 1999. Econometric estimation of technical and environmental efficiency: An application to Dutch dairy farms. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 81, 44– 60.

Reinhard S, Lovell CAK, Thijssen G. 2000. Environmental efficiency with multiple environmentally detrimental variables; estimated with SFA and DEA. European Journal of Operational Research 121, 287 – 303.

REN21. 2014. Renewables 2014 Global Status Report. Available online:

Schader C. 2009. Cost-effectiveness of organic farming for achieving environmental policy targets in Switzerland. PhD Thesis. Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Wales. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, (FiBL), Frick, Switzerland.

SDG Indicator Brief. 2015. PMA2015 /Kenya-R4.

Sipiläinen T, Marklund PO, Huhtala A. 2008. Efficiency in agricultural production of biodiversity: Organic vs. conventional practices. Paper prepared for presentation at the 107th EAAE Seminar “Modeling of Agricultural and Rural Development Policies”. Sevilla, Spain, January 29th – February 1st, 2008.

Solovyeva I, Nuppenau EA. 2012. Improving Measures for Targeting Agri-Environmental Payments: The Case of High Nature Value Farming. European Association of Agricultural Economists, 126th Seminar, Capri, Italy, 27-29 June 2012. Ageconsearch.

Solovyeva I, Nuppenau EA, Biro R, Larkham K. 2011. Traditional Farming Systems and Transition Pathways to Sustainable Agriculture: A Comparative Analysis of Institutions and Cooperation in Romanian and Ukrainian Rural Areas of the Carpathian Mountains. IASC Conference proceedings ‘Shared Resources in a Rapidly Changing World, European Regional Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons’, Plovdiv, Bulgaria 14-17 September 2011, Digital Library of the Commons.

Steiner A. 2006. Speech by Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to the Africities 4 Summit, Nairobi, 8 September.

Survey of Kenya. 2003. National Atlas of Kenya. Fifth Edition. Survey of Kenya, Nairobi . Sustainable Rural and Urban Development Team

Tasser E, Tappeiner U. 2002. Impact of land use changes on mountain vegetation. Applied Vegetation Science 5, 173-184.

  1. 2000. UN 55/2. Millennium Declaration. United Nations.

UNDP. 2005. “MDGs Status Report for Kenya”. United Nations Development Programme, Government of Kenya, Government of Finland.…/Kenya/Kenya_MDGReport_2005.pdf

UNEP. 2016. UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi.…/unep_frontiers_2016.pdf

United Nations. 2014. The Road to Dignity by 2030: Ending Poverty, Transforming All Lives and Protecting the Planet. Synthesis Report of the Secretary-General on the Post-2015 Agenda. New York December 2014.

USAID. 2007. Kenya Food Security Update Report. United States Agency for International Development.

USAID. 2008. “Kenya Food Security Outlook Report”. United States Agency for International Development.

Wangari Maathai. 2009. The challenge for Africa. First Anchor Book edition; New York

Winchester N. Brian 2009. “Emerging Global Environmental Governance,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studie 16(1), 2.

Yan Ji, Stellios Plainiotis. 2006. Design for Sustainability. Beijing: China Architecture and BuildingPress. ISBN 7-112-08390-7

Kathambi Bessy Eva, Mutembei Henry M’ikiugu.
Implementing sustainable development Goals 1, 3.9, 7, and 13 through adoption of green concept in environmental management: Case of Nairobi, Kenya.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(3), 1-10, March 2018.
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update