International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Integrated microfacies analysis of lower Paleogene carbonate rocks of Kasanwala area, Western Salt Range, North Western Himalayas, Pakistan

By: Kamran Mirza, Mian Sohail Akram, Danish Khan, Khizar Khalil ur Rehman Lodhi, Muhammad Zeeshan

Key Words: Integrated microfacies analysis, North Western Himalayas, Biostratigraphy.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 1-15, October 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0033 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the microfacies and biostratigraphy of lower Paleogene carbonate rocks (Lockhart Limestone, Nammal Formation and Sakesar Limestone) from the Kasanwala section in Western Salt Range. Several samples were collected during field work to prepare the thin sections for rock identification and to identify the microfacies of above mentioned formations. The results depicts that Lockhart Limestone is composed of nodular limestone with intercalated shale and is dominated by larger benthonic foraminifera. The measured thickness of Lockhart Limestone in study area was 37m. Four microfacies of Lockhart Limestone have been observed after thin section analysis namely; Bioclastic Mudstone, Lockhartia Wackestone, Miscellanea Packstone and Lockhartia Packstone microfacies. The Nammal Formation consists of alternating beds of medium to dark grey limestone with some clay and shale and is highly fossiliferous in some parts. In this section, Nammal Formation was 56m thick. Five microfacies of Nammal Formation have been identified, namely ; Bioclastic Mudstone, Nummulitic Wackestone, Bioclastic Wackestone, Peloidal Wackestone and Nummulitic Packstone microfacies. The Sakesar Limestone is composed of cream to light grey nodular massive limestone with chert nodules in upper part. The observed thickness was 36m. Three microfacies of Sakesar Limestone have been proposed after comprehensive microscopic analysis namely; Algal Mudstone, Bioclastic Mudstone and Assilina Wackestone microfacies. On the basis of observed fauna, its bathymetry and the microfacies framework, it can safely be concluded that these lower Paleogene rocks were deposited in shallow marine, open shelf environment with free circulation of water.

| Views 179 |

Integrated microfacies analysis of lower Paleogene carbonate rocks of Kasanwala area, Western Salt Range, North Western Himalayas, Pakistan

Dunham RJ. 1962. Classification of carbonate rocks according to depositional texture. Amer. Ass. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 1, 108-121.

Gee ER, Gee DG. 1989. Overview of the geology and structure of the Salt Range, with observations on related areas of northern Pakistan. In: Malinconico, L. L. & Lille, R. J. (Eds), Tectonics of the Western Himalayas. Geological Society of America, Special Publication 232, 95-112.

Halland MD, Riaz M. 1988. Stratigraphy and structure of Southern Ghandghar Range, Pakistan. Geological Bulletin University of Peshawar 21, 1-14.

James SC, Lillie RJ. 1998. Mechanics of the Salt Range-Potwar, Pakistan; a foreland thrust belt underlain by evaporates. Tectonics 7, 56-71.

Leather M. 1987. Balanced Structural cross-section of Western Salt Range and   Potwar Plateau: Deformation near the strike-slip terminus and over thrust sheet. MS thesis, Oregon State Univ. Corvallis, Oregon.

McDougall JW, Khan SH. 1990. Strike slip faulting in a foreland fold-thrust belt; The Kalabagh fault and western Salt Range, Pakistan. Tectonics 9(5), 1061-1075.

Qayyum. 1991. Crustal Shortening and Tectonic Evolution of the Salt Range in Northwest Himalaya, Pakistan. MS Thesis, Oregon State University.

Shah SMI, Ahmed R, Cheema MR, Fatmi AN, Iqbal MWA, Raza HA, Raza SM. 1977. Stratigraphy of Pakistan: Geological Survey of Pakistan, Memoirs 12, 137.

Sameeni SJ, Butt AA. 1992. Micropaleontology of the upper Paleocene Lockhart Limestone, Nammal Area, Western Salt Range. Pakistan Journal of Geology 42-51.

Kamran Mirza, Mian Sohail Akram, Danish Khan, Khizar Khalil ur Rehman Lodhi, Muhammad Zeeshan .
Integrated microfacies analysis of lower Paleogene carbonate rocks of Kasanwala area, Western Salt Range, North Western Himalayas, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(4), 1-15, October 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/integrated-microfacies-analysis-lower-paleogene-carbonate-rocks-kasanwala-area-western-salt-range-north-western-himalayas-pakistan/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update