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Intensity of Ralstonia solanacearum bacterial cause wilting disease in several plants in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

By: Yusriadi

Key Words: Bacteria, Ralstonia solanacearum, Wilt disease

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(3), 29-34, March 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0254 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Disease that develops and is very detrimental to plants in South Kalimantan is a bacterial wilt disease and has spread in plantations which are superior commodities, with high attack rates. Since 2007 losses due to this disease have increased until mid-2017 losses of up to 80% (severe attack rate). The cause of this disease is the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, which is found in almost all of Indonesia. This bacterium is the most important limiting factor for the successful production of 33 families or 150 types of plants both cultivated plants and ornamental plants, such as tomatoes, peanuts, ginger, bananas, eggplant, potatoes and tobacco which are dangerous diseases in the subtropics and tropics because this bacterium has many host plants. This study aims to determine the level of attack on several plants that are widely cultivated in South Kalimantan. This level of attack is very important for a comprehensive alternative control. The method used was sampling at each planting location and sampling in the affected areas of the plantations, then identification was carried out. The results showed that there was no difference in the level of attack on crops caused by these bacteria obtained from the South Kalimantan area of ​​Indonesia.

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Intensity of Ralstonia solanacearum bacterial cause wilting disease in several plants in South Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Yusriadi.
Intensity of Ralstonia solanacearum bacterial cause wilting disease in several plants in South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(3), 29-34, March 2020.
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