International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Juvenile variations in forest genetic materials of seedlings of Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen

By: Jupiter V Casas, Lowell G Aribal, Enrique L Tolentino Jr.

Key Words: Tree families, Juvenile variations, Seedling growth, Provenance, Paraserianthes falcataria

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(5), 12-23, May 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0278 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

To prioritize genetic materials of Paraserianthes falcataria for laboratory analysis, this pot experiment was conducted, aimed to identify variations of families using seedling height, diameter, and biomass. Ten families from primary diffusion pathways (Bukidnon and Surigao del Sur) were used in the study. A nursery experiment laid out in completely randomized design was set up with four treatments: Treatment 1(acidic dry soil); Treatment 2(acidic wet soil); Treatment 3(alkaline dry soil); Treatment 4(alkaline wet soil). Ten seedlings in five replications were used for each treatment. Standardized protocol used pH of 4.2 acidic and 7.2 alkaline; every other day watering of 200ml/seedling for dry, and everyday watering of 200ml for wet. Analysis of variance and mean comparison of growth parameters were employed. Results showed that seedling growth was stunted due to strongly acidic and basic soil and poor drainage. Seedling height was significantly higher in acidic soil. The difference of three growth parameters among treatments was significant with acidic wet soil exhibited the highest height, diameter, and biomass. Variations between provenance and significant difference on seedling growth among families were evident with FM067 of Surigao obtained the highest height and biomass; FM001 of Bukidnon with largest diameter; FM024 of Bukidnon registered lowest height, diameter, and biomass. The genetic materials of FMO67 and FM064 of Surigao del Sur; and FM016, FM017, FM001, and FM020 of Bukidnon and families nearby will be priority in laboratory analysis. The study demonstrates that the protocols established are useful for tree geneticists in fast tracking analysis of genetic materials.

| Views 67 |

| Views 67 |

Juvenile variations in forest genetic materials of seedlings of Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen

Baraloto C, Bonal D, Goldberg D. 2006. Differential seedling growth response to soil resource availability among nine neotropical tree species. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22, 487-497.

DOI: 10. 1017/ S0266467406003439

Bernaldez SO, Mangaoang EO. 2008. Tree adoption and nursery and propagation practices in smallholder upland farms in Inopacan and Isabel, Leyte, the Philippines. Small-Scale Forestry 7(3-4), 295-309.

Calvo-Albarado JC, Arias DL, Richter DD. 2007. Early growth performance of native and introduced fast growing tree species in wet to sub-humid climates of the Southern region of Costa Rica. Forest Ecology Management 242(2-3), 227-235.

DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2007.01.034

Dudhane MP, Borde MY, Jite PK. 2011. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on growth and antioxidant activity in Gmelina arborea Roxb. under salt stress condition. Notulae Scientia Biologicae (3)4, 71-78. DOI: 10.15835/nsb346230.

Lacandula LF, Rojo MJA, Puno GR, Casas JV. 2017. Geospatial analysis on the influence of biophysical factors on the gall rust prevalence in falcata (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen) plantation in Gingoog City, Philippines. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science 11(4), 18-24.

Ngulube MR. 1989. Genetic variation in seed germination and seedling growth of 24 Gliricidia sepium provenances. Forest Ecology and Management 28(1), 1-6.

DOI: 10.1016/0378-1127(89)8

Osonubi O, Osundina MA. 1987.Comparison of the responses to flooding of seedlings and cuttings of Gmelina. Tree Physiology 3(2), 147-156.

DOI: 10.1093 /treephys/3.2.147.

Pierce GL, Warren SL, Mikkelsen R, Linker HM. 1999. Effects of soil calcium and pH on seed germination and subsequent growth of large crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis). Weed Technology 13 (2), 421-424.

DOI: 10.1017/S0890037X00041968.

Salazar R. 1986. Genetic variation in seeds and seedlings of ten provenances of Gliricidia sepium. Forest Ecology and Management 16(1-4), 391-401.

Santosa S. 2016. Growth and physical quality of Paraserianthes falcataria (L) Nielsen seedling on ten types of transplanting media. International Journal of Plant Biology 7(6317), 36-39.

DOI: 10.4081/ pb.2017.

Sawmy SL, Kushwaha SK, Puri S. 2004. Tree growth, biomass, allometry and nutrient distribution in Gmelina arborea stands grown in red lateritic soils of Central India. Biomass and Bioenergy 26 (4), 305-317.

DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.08.007.

Siladan MU. 2010. Assessment of seed distribution, dissemination and diffusion pathways of priority tree plantation species in the Philippines. PhD thesis. University of the Philippines Los Baños, College Laguna, Philippines.

Soerianegara I, Lemmens RH. 1993. Plant resources of South-East Asia 5(1): Timber trees: major commercial timbers. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands p. 610 ref.817.

Sudrajat DJ. 2016. Genetic variation of fruit, seed, and seedling characteristics among 11 populations of white jabon in Indonesia. Forest Science and Technology 12(1), 9-15.

Sun HG, Liu J, Dong RX, Jiang JM, Diao S, Li YJ. 2014. Effects of water stress on seedling growth and biomass allocation of Toona ciliata var. pubescens. Forest Research 27(3), 381-387.

Turner GD, Lau RR, Young DR. 1988. Effect of acidity on germination and seedling growth of Paulownia tomentosa. Journal of Applied Ecology 25(2), 561-567. DOI: 10.2307/2403844.

Wang H, Liu L, Zhou D. 2012. Effects of soil water deficit on seedlings of different Medicago falcata L. populations. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(21), 3228-3236.

Wingett MC. 2005. Effects of pH on Biomass Allocation in Acer rubrum Seedlings. OTS Master’s Level Projects & Papers. 145.

Wu F, Bao W, Li F, Wu N. 2008. Effects of drought stress and N supply on the growth, biomass partitioning and water-use efficiency of Sophora davidii seedlings. Environmental and Experimental Botany 63 (1-3), 248-255.

Zhang X, Wu N, Li C. 2005. Physiological and growth responses of Populus davidiana ecotypes to different soil water contents. Journal of Arid Environments 60 (4), 567-579.

Jupiter V Casas, Lowell G Aribal, Enrique L Tolentino Jr..
Juvenile variations in forest genetic materials of seedlings of Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(5), 12-23, May 2020.
https://innspub.net/jbes/juvenile-variations-forest-genetic-materials-seedlings-paraserianthes-falcataria-l-nielsen/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update