International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Medicinal plants consumption in Darmai Valley, Swat District, Pakistan

By: Nazim Hassan, Mohy Ud Din, Faiz-Ul-Hassan, Mohammad Nisar, Aimal Khan, Syed Sadaqat Shah, Sajjad Ahmed, Saddam Hussain, Waqif Khan, Ajmal Iqbal, Haider Ali

Key Words: Traditional Knowledge, Ethno medicines, Informant consensus factor, Darmai valley, Pakistan.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 120-129, May 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0036 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to collect information on traditional uses of medicinal plant species used by the inhabitants of Darmai valley, District Swat, Pakistan. This is the first ethno botanical survey from the study area. A total of 62 informants were questioned through interviews and group debates. Overall 60 medicinal plant species from 39 families were studied. Family Asteraceae (10%) with 6 plant species was the most prominent family. Highest Informant consensus factor (0.86) was observed for gastrointestinal while lowest (0.7) for antiseptic and aphrodisiac. High fidelity level 94.11 % was noted for Berberis Lycium (Stomach disorder) and lowest 29.41 % for Caesalpinia decapetala as purgative. For preparation of ethno medicines the residents take whole plant (39%), leaves (21%), rhizome (10%), seeds (8%), flowers, fruits, cloves (5%) and shoots (3%).  Herbal medicines were used as crushed and paste (25%), decoction (22%), raw (11%), oil and powder (5%), fried, heated, Infusion and Juice (2%). The ethno medicines (88%) were used orally followed by dermal (12%).Mostly herbs (67%) were in practice for the preparation of ethno medicines.  Ethno medicines were taken (88%) orally. Plants with high use reports and High Fidelity level may be subjected to further comprehensive studies for new drug discovery.

| Views 59 |

Medicinal plants consumption in Darmai Valley, Swat District, Pakistan

Ahirwar R. Diversity of Ethnomedicinal Plants in Boridand Forest of District Korea, Chhattisgarh, India. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 413–425.

Ahmad H. 2003. Capacity building for cultivation and sustainable harvesting of medicinal and aromatic plants. In Proceeding of international workshop on conservation and sustainable uses of medicinal and aromatic plants in Pakistan, WWF Pakistan. Edited by Ahmad H, Khan AA.2003:31–36. .

Ahmad K, Habib S. 2014. Indigenous Knowledge of Some Medicinal Plants of Himalaya Region, Dawarian Village, Neelum Valley, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Universal Journal of Plant Science 2,40–47.

Ahmad M, Sultana S, Hadi SF, Hadda T ben, Rashid S, Zafar M, Khan MA, Khan MPZ, Yaseen G. 2014. An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in high mountainous region of Chail valley (District Swat- Pakistan. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 10.

Ajaib M, Khan Z, Khan N. 2010. Ethnobotanical studies on useful shrubs of district Kotli, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot 42, 1407–1415.

Akhtar N, Saeed K, Khan A. 2016. Fish Fauna of River Darmai Upper Swat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci., 6,132–136.

Ali H, Qaiser M. 2009. The ethnobotany of chitral valley, Pakistan with particular reference to medicinal plants. Pakistan Journal of Botany (Pakistan) 41, 2009–2041.

Bibi T, Ahmad M, Bakhsh Tareen R, Mohammad Tareen N, Jabeen R, Rehman S-U, Sultana S, Zafar M, Yaseen G. 2014. Ethnobotany of medicinal plants in district Mastung of Balochistan province-Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 157,79–89.

Canales M, Hernández T, Caballero J, Romo de Vivar A, Avila G, Duran A, Lira R. 2005. Informant consensus factor and antibacterial activity of the medicinal plants used by the people of San Rafael Coxcatlán, Puebla, México. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 97, 429–439.

Carballo J, Hernandez I, Perez P, Garcia G. 2002. A comparison between two brine shrimp assays to detect in vitro cytotoxicity in marine natural products. BMC Biotechnology 2, 17.

Chevallier A. 1998. Materia Medica. Middlesex University, USA. .

Durrani M, Hussain F. 2005. Ethnoecological profile of plants of Harboi rangeland, Kalat, Pakistan. International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology 2, 15–22.

Elisabetsky. 1990. Plants used as analgesics by Amazonian cabocols. International Journal of Crude Drug Research 28, 309–320.

Eshete M, Kelbessa E, Dalle G. 2016. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Guji Agro-pastoralists, Blue Hora District of Borana Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 4, 170–184.

Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y. 2007. Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110,516–525.

Gilani SS, Abbas SQ, Shinwari ZK, Hussain F, Nirgis K. 2003. Ethnobotanical Studies of Kurram Agency, Pakistan Through Rural Community Participation. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 6,1368–1375.

Hassan N, Nisar M, Kakar S, Hassan F, Zhiwei Z, Nong L, Khan M, Shuaib M, Wang D. 2017a. Determination of Informant Consensus Factor of Medicinal Plants Used as Therapy in District Dir Lower Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 5, 183–188.

Hassan N, Wang D, Shuaib M, Zhiwei Z, Nisar M, Ahmad W, Ahmad S, Khan A. 2017b. Identification and ethnobotanical survey of profitable medicinal plants used as remedy in Sangina Pakistan. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 5,117–123.

Hassan N, Wang D, Zhiwei Z, Nisar M, Zhu Y. 2017c. Determination and analysis of informant consensus factor of medicinal plant species used as remedy in Northern Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 11,117–133.

Ikram AU, Zahra NB, Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. 2015. Ethnomedicinal review of folklore medicinal plants   belonging to family apiaceae of pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 47, 1007–1014.

Khan I, Abdelsalam NM, Fouad H, Tariq A, Ullah R, Adnan M. 2014. Application of Ethnobotanical Indices on the Use of Traditional Medicines against Common Diseases. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014: e635371.

Mahmood A, Mahmood A, Malik RN, Shinwari ZK. 2013. Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants from Gujranwala district, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 148, 714–723.

Mahmood A, Mahmood A, Shaheen H, Qureshi R, Sangi Y, Gilani S. 2011. Ethno medicinal survey of plants from district Bhim ber Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(2), 348-2360.

Mann A, Amupitan JO, Oyewale AO, Okogun JI, Ibrahim K, Oladosu P, Lawson L, Olajide I, Nnamdi A. 2008. Evaluation of in vitro anti mycobacterial activity of Nigerian plants used for treatment of respiratory diseases. African Journal of Biotechnology 7.

Martin G. 1995. Ethnobotany: A Method Manual. Chapman and Hall, London.

Mohamad S, Zin NM, Wahab HA, Ibrahim P, Sulaiman SF, Zahariluddin ASM, Noor SSM. 2011. Antituberculosis potential of some ethnobotanically selected Malaysian plants. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133,1021–1026.

Musa M, Abdelrasool F, Elsheikh E, Lubna A, Abdel L, Mahmoud Sakina M. 2011. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Blue Nile State, South-eastern Sudan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5, 4287–4297.

Namukobe J, Kasenene JM, Kiremire BT, Byamukama R, Kamatenesi-Mugisha M, Krief S, Dumontet V, Kabasa JD. 2011. Traditional plants used for medicinal purposes by local communities around the Northern sector of Kibale National Park, Uganda. Journal of Ethno pharmacology 136, 236–245.

Noor MJ, Kalsoom U. 2011. Ethnobotanical studies of selected plant species  Of ratwal village, district attock, pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 43, 781–786.

Patwardhan B, Vaidya ADB, Chorghade M. 2004. Ayurveda and natural products drug discovery. Curr Sci 86.

Qureshi A, Gufran M, Gilani S, Sultana K, Ashraf M. 2007. Ethnobotanical studies of selected medicinal plants of Sudhan Gali and Ganga chotti hills district Bagh, Azad Kashmir. Pakistan Journal of Botany (Pakistan) 39, 2275–2283.

Randrianarivony TN, Ramarosandratana AV, Andriamihajarivo TH, Rakotoarivony F, Jeannoda VH, Randrianasolo A, Bussmann RW. 2017. The most used medicinal plants by communities in Mahaboboka, Amboronabo, Mikoboka, Southwestern Madagascar. Journal of Ethno biology and Ethno medicine 13,19.

Rehman MN, Ahmad M, Sultana S, Zafar M, Edwards S. 2017. Relative popularity level of medicinal plants in Talagang, Punjab Province, Pakistan. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Shah GM, Khan MA. 2006. Check List of Medicinal Plants of Siran Valley Mansehra-Pakistan. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 10, 63–71.

Shinwari Z, Watanabe T, Rehman M, Yoshikawa T. 2006. A Pictoral Guide to Medicinal Plants of Pakistan. ISBN:969-8870-00-8.

Shinwari ZK. 2010. Medicinal plants research in Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4, 161–176.

Shinwari ZK, Qaiser M. 2011. Efforts on conservation and sustainable use of   Medicinal plants of Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot 43.

Shrivastava S, Kanungo VK. 2013. Ethnobotanical survey of surguja district with special reference to plants used by uraon tribe in treatment of respiratory diseases. International Journal of Herbal Medicine 1,131–134.

Srithi K, Balslev H, Wangpakapattanawong P, Srisanga P, Trisonthi C. 2009. Medicinal plant knowledge and its erosion among the Mien (Yao) in northern Thailand. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 123,335–342.

Ssegawa P, Kasenene JM. 2007. Medicinal plant diversity and uses in the Sango bay area, Southern Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 113, 21–540.

Stevens P. 2012. (2001 onwards) Angiosperm Phylogeny Website Version 12.

Umair M, Altaf M, Abbasi AM. 2017. An ethnobotanical survey of indigenous medicinal plants in Hafizabad district, Punjab-Pakistan. PLoS ONE 12.

Uniyal SK, Singh K, Jamwal P, Lal B. 2006. Traditional use of medicinal plants among the tribal communities of Chhota Bhangal, Western Himalaya. Journal of Ethno biology and Ethno medicine 2,14.

Wangpan T, Chetry L, Tsering J, Taka T, Tangjang S. 2016. Anti-Malarial Plants of Jonai, India: an Ethnobotanical Approach. Not Sci Bio 8, 27–32.

Zahoor M, Yousaf Z, Aqsa T, Haroon M, Saleh N, Aftab A, Javed S, Qadeer M, Ramazan H. 2017. An ethnopharmacological evaluation of Navapind and Shahpur Virkanin district Sheikupura, Pakistan for their herbal medicines. Journal of Ethno biology and Ethno medicine 13,1–26.

Nazim Hassan, Mohy Ud Din, Faiz-Ul-Hassan, Mohammad Nisar, Aimal Khan, Syed Sadaqat Shah, Sajjad Ahmed, Saddam Hussain, Waqif Khan, Ajmal Iqbal, Haider Ali.
Medicinal plants consumption in Darmai Valley, Swat District, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 12(5), 120-129, May 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/medicinal-plants-consumption-darmai-valley-swat-district-pakistan/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update