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Milk adulteration: An old traditional threat to public health in Quetta, Pakistan

By: Hafiz Muhammad Arif, Nadeem Rashid, Majid Rafeeq, Babar Hilal, Shahzad Ahmad, Abdul Nasir, Muhammad Din

Key Words: Milk adulteration, Quetta, Water, Balochistan.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 14(2), 149-155, February 2019.

Certification: jbes 2019 0130 [Generate Certificate]


Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan that makes 44% of the total geographical area of the country. Most of the area is rangelands with only 5% arable area. Animal agriculture is centuries old occupation of the people of Balochistan. Livestock are one of the major important sectors of the province having about 20% of the national stock. Quetta being capital of the province with more than 2million population. Generally the milk is supplied from neighboring areas like, Jacobabad, Sibi and even Multan in summer season. Dairy farms in Quetta are in small proportion that does not meet the demand of the city. Most the milk man adulterate the milk with water and even skim milk powder and sale it in retail outlets with substandard fat percentage. However, other common adulterants include, urea, oil, sugar, detergent, salts and chloroform etc. At government level no food safety authority exists in order to keep check on food item on regular basis. It is recommended that food safety authority may be constituted and regular survey may be conducted to overlook the milk adulteration. Furthermore, Milk testing facility may be provided at Provincial Diagnostic laboratory under Livestock Department in the area. This review intends to contribute towards consumer’s knowledge and awareness with reference to possible adulteration and its detection techniques.

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Milk adulteration: An old traditional threat to public health in Quetta, Pakistan

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Hafiz Muhammad Arif, Nadeem Rashid, Majid Rafeeq, Babar Hilal, Shahzad Ahmad, Abdul Nasir, Muhammad Din.
Milk adulteration: An old traditional threat to public health in Quetta, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 14(2), 149-155, February 2019.
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