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Prevalence, occurrence and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in District Swat, Pakistan and its management through host resistance

By: Aftab Ali Khan, Abdul Rafi, Asma Akbar, Zahoor Ahmad, Azra Nadeem

Key Words: Tomato, Bacterial spot, Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria, Host resistance

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(2), 130-143, August 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0312 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria the causal organism of bacterial spot in tomato results in heavy losses both in the form of quality and. In this study a survey was carried out to report the incidence of bacterial spot disease of tomato in district Swat. We reported maximum disease incidence in tehsil Kabal (71.66%), followed by Charbagh (61.66%) and Barikot (58.33%). For resistant screening a total of 13 tomato germplasms were screened against the disease. The foliar severity ranged from 3.33% to 73.33%, while severity for fruits was ranged from 18.33% to 30.66%. In case of phenotypic data the highest numbers of fruits obtained were 34, plant height 79.5cm and fruit weight was 470 grams/ten tomatoes. While the lowest average numbers of fruits were 6.67, plant height 45.7cm and fruit weight recorded was 215.67 grams/ten tomatoes. Line 1288 showed highest level of resistance followed by Red-stone. However, line 9708 showed highest susceptibility when exposed to artificial inoculation. Our study showed that bacterial spot is a major issue in some part of Pakistan and germplasm screening are linked to increased host resistance and could offer an important contribution to future integrated bacterial spot management programs.

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Prevalence, occurrence and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in District Swat, Pakistan and its management through host resistance

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Aftab Ali Khan, Abdul Rafi, Asma Akbar, Zahoor Ahmad, Azra Nadeem.
Prevalence, occurrence and biochemical characterization of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in District Swat, Pakistan and its management through host resistance.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(2), 130-143, August 2020.
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