A review- Zinc role in crop production
By: Nangial Khan, Yingchun Han, Mahnoor Khan, Zhanbiao Wang, Chen Huanxuan, Lu Feng, Beifang Yang, Yabing Li
Key Words: Zinc, Crop production, Biofortification, Fertilizers, Humans.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 14(6), 207-216, June 2019.
Certification: jbes 2019 0185 [Generate Certificate]
Zinc play vital role as micronutrient in growth and development of crop and significantly increase yield. Zinc plays special role in the physiological functions of plants and nowadays its deficiency is common in soil, especially in high phosphorus soil and also in all crops. Zinc deficiency affects plant by retarding its growth, chlorosis, spikelet sterility, decreasing number of bolls, tillers and increase crop maturity period. Plants take Zinc in zn+2 form and work as a structural component or regulatory co factor for a wide range of different enzymes and proteins in many biochemical pathways and are mostly concerned with protein metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, auxin metabolism, pollen formation, photosynthesis, sugar to starch conversion, maintenance of biological membranes and resistance to infection by certain pathogens. High pH and calcareous soil with high phosphorus intake mostly face zinc deficiency. Soils with zinc deficiency can be easily treated with zinc fertilizers to provide an adequate supply of zinc to crop. Zinc deficiency in humans and cereal grains can be increased through fortification or bio fortification.
A review- Zinc role in crop production
Akhtar N, Sarker MAM, Akhter H, Nada MK. 2009. Effect of Planting Time and Micronutrient as Zinc Chloride on the Growth, Yield and Oil Content of Mentha piperita. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 44(1), 125–130. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjsir.v44i1.2721
Alam MN, Abedin MJ, Azad MAK. 2010. Effect of micronutrients on growth and yield of onion under calcareous soil environment. International Research Journal of Plant Science 1(3), 56–61.
Ali, G. P, Srivastava S, Iqbal M. 2000. Influence of cadmium and zinc on growth and photosynthesis of Bacopa monniera cultivated in vitro. Biologia Plantarum 43(4), 599–601.
Ali G, Srivastava PS, Iqbal M. 1999. Morphogenic and biochemical responses of Bacopa monniera cultures to zinc toxicity. Plant Science 143(2), 187–193. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00032-1
Alloway B. 2002. Zinc-The vital micronutrient for healthy, high-value crops. International Zinc Association (IZA), University Extension p.
Assche F Van, Clijsters H. 1986. Inhibition of Photosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris by Treatment with Toxic Concentration of Zinc: Effect on Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Carboxylase/ Oxygenase. Journal of Plant Physiology 125(3), 355–360. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(86)80157-2
Baker AJM, Brooks R. 1989. Terrestrial higher plants which hyperaccumulate metallic elements. A review of their distribution, ecology and phytochemistry. Biorecovery 2, (January 1989), 81–126.
Basha SA, Selvaraju M. 2015. Toxic Effect of Zinc on Growth and Nutrient Accumulation of Cow Pea (Vigna unguiculata L). International Letters of Natural Sciences 43, 48–53.
Bell RW. 2008. Micronutrients for Sustainable Food, Feed , Fibre and Bioenergy Production (First edit). Paris France, p.
Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzati M, Mathers C, Rivera J. 2008. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. The Lancet 371(9608), 243–260.
Brennan R. 2005. Zinc Application and Its Availability to Plants. Division of Science and Engineering Murdoch University.
Brian JA. 2008. Zinc in SoilS and crop nutrition (Second). Paris France, p.
Brown HP, Cakmak I, Zhang Q. 1993. Form and Function of Zinc in plants. In: Zinc in Soils and Plants. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 93–102.
Brown KH, Rivera JA, Bhutta Z, Gibson RS, King JC, Lonnerdal B, Ruel MT, Sandtrom B, Wasantwisut E, Hotz C. 2004. International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group (IZiNCG) technical document #1. Assessment of the risk of zinc deficiency in populations and options for its control. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 25(1 Suppl 2), S99-203.
Bukvi G, Antunovi M, Popovi S, Rastija M. 2003. Effect of P and Zn fertilisation on biomass yield and its uptake by maize lines (Zea mays L.). Plant Soil Environment 49(11), 505–510.
Cakmak I. 2000. Tansley Review No . 111 Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species 111,185–205.
Cakmak I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc : Agronomic or genetic biofortification. Plant Soil 302(November 2007), 1–17.
Cakmak I, Engels C. 1999. Role of mineral nutrients in photosynthesis and yield formation. In: Mineral Nutrition of Crops. Haworth Press, New York USA 141–168.
Cakmak I, Kutman UB. 2018. Agronomic biofortification of cereals with zinc : a review. European Journal of Soil Science 69(January), 172–180. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12437
Cakmak I, Marschner H. 1988. Increase in Membrane Permeability and Exudation in Roots of Zinc Deficient Plants. Journal of Plant Physiology 132(3), 356–361. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/ 10.1016/S0176-1617(88)80120-2
Das K, Dang R, Shivananda TN, Sur P. 2005. Interaction Between Phosphorus and Zinc on the Biomass Yield and Yield Attributes of the Medicinal Plant Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana). Science World Journal 5(June 2014), 390–395.
Dhaliwal SS, Sadana U, Khurana M, Dhadli H, Manchanda JS. 2010. Enrichment of rice grains through ferti-fortification. Indian Journal of Fertilizer 6, 28–35.
Di Baccio D, Kopriva S, Sebastiani L, Rennenberg H. 2005. Does glutathione metabolism have a role in the defence of polar against zinc excess. The New phytologist (Vol. 167).
Domingos IFN, Stewart GB, Baranski M, Leifert C, Cakmak I, Rengel Z, Paul E. 2016. Agronomic biofortification strategies to increase grain zinc concentrations for improved nutritional quality of wheat, maize and rice: a systematic review. Campbell Collaboration, (February 2013), 1–9.
Doncheva S, Stoynova Z, Velikova V. 2001. Influence of succinate on zinc toxicity of pea plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24(6), 789–804. https://doi.org/10.1081/PLN-100103774
Efe L, Yarpuz E. 2011. The effect of zinc application methods on seed cotton yield, lint and seed quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in east Mediterranean region of Turkey. 10(44), 8782–8789. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.737
FAO/WHO. 2002. Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements-Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation Bangkok, Thailand. Rome. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-y2809e.pdf
Gitelson AA, Gritz Y, Merzlyak MN. 2003. Relationships between leaf chlorophyll content and spectral reflectance and algorithms for non-destructive chlorophyll assessment in higher plant leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology 160, 271–282. https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00887
Glass ADM. 1989. Plant nutrition. In: An introduction to current concepts. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, MA.
Gobarah ME, Mohamed MH, Tawfik MM. 2006. Effect of Phosphorus Fertilizer and Foliar Spraying with Zinc on Growth , Yield and Quality of Groundnut under Reclaimed Sandy Soils. 2(8), 491–496.
Graham RD, Welch RM. 2002. Plant food micronutrient composition and human nutrition. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 31, 1627–1640. https://doi.org/10.1080/001036200
Hafeez B, Khanif YM, Saleem M. 2013. Role of Zinc in Plant Nutrition- A Review. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 3(2), 374–391.
Hossain M, Jahiruddin M, Islam M, Mian M. 2008. The requirement of zinc for improvement of crop yield and mineral nutrition in the maize–mungbean–rice system. Plant and Soil 306, 13–22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-007-9529-5
Hotz C, Brown K. 2004. Assessment of the Risk of Zinc Deficiency in Populations and Options for its Control. http://www.ifpri.org/publication/assessment.
Hu H, Sparks D. 1991. Zinc Deficiency Inhibits Chlorophyll Synthesis and Gas Exchange in `Stuart’ Pecan. HortScience 26(3), 267–268. https://doi.org/ 10.21273/hortsci.26.3.267
HU N, RS L. 1994. Micronutrient Toxicities and Deficiencies in Rice in Soil Mineral Stresses. In: Approaches to Crop Improvement. Springer-Verlag, Berlin pp. 175–200.
Imtiaz M. 1999. Zn deficiency in cereals. Reading University UK,.
Johnson SE, Lauren JG, Welch RM, Duxbury JM. 2005. A comparison of the effects of micronutrient seed priming and soil fertilization on the mineral nutrition of chickpea (Cicer arietinum), lentil (Lens culinaris), rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Nepal. Experimental Agriculture 41(4), 427–448.https://doi.org/10.1017/ S0014479705002851
Khan HR, McDonald GK, Rengel Z. 2005. Zinc fertilization and water stress affects plant water relations, stomatal conductance and osmotic adjustment in chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.). Plant and Soil 267(1–2), 271–284.
Kinaci G, Kinaci E. 2005. Effect of zinc application on quality traits of barley in semi arid zones of Turkey. Plant Soil Environment, 51(7), 328–334.
Kirk G, Bajita J. 1995. Root-induced iron oxidation, pH changes and zinc solubilization in the rhizosphere of lowland rice. New Phytologist 131, 129–137.
Kitagishi K, Obata H, Kondo T. 1987. Effect of Zinc Deficiency on 80S Ribosome Content of Meristematic Tissues of Rice Plant. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 33(3), 423–429. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/00380768.1987.10557588
Kutman UB, Yildiz B, Ozturk L, Cakmak I. 2010. Biofortification of Durum Wheat with Zinc Through Soil and Foliar Applications of Nitrogen. Cereal Chemistry 87(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/ 10.1094/CCHEM-87-1-0001
Li J, Zhou M, Pessarakli M, Stroehlein JL. 1991. Cotton response to zinc fertilizer. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 22(15–16), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1080/00.
Lindsay WL. 1972. Zinc in Soils and Plant Nutrition. In: N. C. Brady (ed.). Academic Press,. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113.
Loneragan JF, Webb MJ. 1993. Interactions Between Zinc and Other Nutrients Affecting the Growth of Plants. In: Zin in soil and plants. Kluwer Academic Publishers,.
Marschner P. 1995. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 2nd Edn Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants.
Marschner H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants (2nd ed.). Academic Press, London p.
Mousavi SR. 2011. Zinc in Crop Production and Interaction with Phosphorus. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5(9), 1503–1509.
OHKI K. 1976. Effect of Zinc Nutrition on Photosynthesis and Carbonic Anhydrase Activity in Cotton. Physiologia Plantarum 38(4), 300–304. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1976.tb04007.x
Oosterhuis D, Hake K, Burmester C. 1991. Foliar feeding Cotton Physiology Today.
Outten C, TV O. 2001. Femtomolar Sensitivity of Metalloregulatory Proteins Controlling Zinc Homeostasis. Science 292(5526), 2488–2492. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1060331
Pandey N, Pathak GC, Sharma CP. 2006. Zinc is critically required for pollen function and fertilisation in lentil. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 20(2), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jtemb.2005.09.006
Pandey N, Sharma CP. 1989. Zinc deficiency effect on photosynthesis and transpiration in safflower and its reversal on making up the deficiency. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 27, 376–377.
Pedler J, R Parker D, E Crowley D. 2000. Zinc deficiency-induced phytosiderophore release by the Triticaceae is not consistently expressed in solution culture. Planta 211, 120–126.
Plum LM, Rink L, Haase H. 2010. The Essential Toxin : Impact of Zinc on Human Health. 1342–1365. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7041342
Potarzycki J, Grzebisz W. 2009. Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components.
Prasad R. 2010. Zinc biofortification of food grains in relation to food security and alleviation of zinc malnutrition. Current Science 1300–1304.
Reddy TY, Reddi GHS. 1997. Mineral nutrition, manures and fertilizers. In: Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, India pp. 204–256.
Reeves RD, Baker JM. 2000. Metal accumulating plants. In: Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals: Using Plants to Clean Up the Environment. John Wiley & Sons Inc, London pp. 193–230.
Salimpour S, Khavazi K, Nadian H, Besharati H, Miransari M. 2010. Enhancing phosphorous availability to canola (Brassica napus L.) using P solubilizing and sulfur oxidizing bacteria Australian Journal of Crop Science (Vol. 4).
Sangwan P, Raj M. 2004. Effect of Zinc Nutrition on Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Under Dryland Conditions. Indian Journal of Dryland Agriculture Research & Dev 19(1), 1–3.
Seethambarm Y, Das VSR. 1985. Photosynthesis and activities of C3 and C4 photosynthetic enzymes under zinc deficiency in Oryza sativa L., and Pennisetum americannum (L.) Leeke. Photosynthetica 9, 72–79.
Sekler I, Sensi SL, Hershfinkel M, Silverman WF. 2007. Mechanism and regulation of cellular zinc transport. Molecular Medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 13(7–8), 337–343. https://doi.org/10.2119/2007.
Sharma PN, Chatterjee C, Agarwala SC, Sharma CP. 1990. Zinc deficiency and pollen fertility in maize (Zea mays). Plant and Soil 124(2), 221–225. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00009263
Sharma S, Sharma P, Datta SP, Gupta V. 2010. Morphological and biochemical response of Cicer arietinum L. var. pusa-256 towards an excess of zinc concentration. Life Science Journal 7(1), 95–98.
Shrotri C, Rathore V, Mohanty P. 1989. Zinc deficiency effects on photosynthetic pigment content, CO2 fixation and photosynthetic enzyme activity in Bajra (Pennisetum typhoides). National Academy Science Letter 12, 1–4.
SL T, WL N, JD B. 1984. Zinc In soil Fertility and Fertilizers (Fourth). Macmillan Publishing Company, New York USA, p.
Soaud AA, Al-Darwish FH, Saleh ME, El-Tarabily KA, Sofian-Azirun M, Motior Rahman M. 2011. Effects of elemental sulfur , phosphorus , micronutrients and Paracoccus versutus on nutrient availability of calcareous soils. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(5), 554–561.
Stoyanova Z, Doncheva S. 2002. The effect of zinc supply and succinate treatment on plant growth and mineral uptake in pea plant. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 14(2), 111–116.
Streeter TC, Rengel Z, Neate SM, Graham RD. 2001. Zinc fertilisation increases tolerance to Rhizoctonia solani (AG 8) in Medicago truncatula. Plant and Soil 228, 233–234.
Stukenholtz D, Olsen R, Gogan G, RA O. 1966. On the Mechanism of Phosphorus-Zinc Interaction in Corn Nutrition. Soil Science Society America Proceedings 30, 759–763.
Rahman M, Jahiruddin MR, Humayuan M, Alam M A, Khan A. 2008. Effect of sulphur and zinc on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of boro rice (cv. brri dhan 29). Journal of Soil Nature 3(2), 10-15.
Tobin AJ. 1970. Carbonic Anhydrase from Spinach Leaves. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 245(10), 2656–2666.
Trehan S, Sekhon G. 1977. Effect of clay, organic matter and cacoa content on zinc adsorption by soils. Plant and Soil 46, 329–330.
Vallee BL, Auld DS. 1990. Zinc coordination, function, and structure of zinc enzymes and other proteins. Biochemistry 29(24), 5647–5659.
Van Assche F, Clijsters H. 1986. Inhibition of photosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris by treatment with toxic concentrations of zinc: effects on electron transport and photophosphorylation. Physiologia Plantarum 66(4), 717–721.
Van Breemen N, Quijano CC, Le Ngoc S. 1980. Zinc deficiency in wetland rice along a toposequence of hydromorphic soils in the Philippines. Plant and Soil 57(2–3), 203–214.
Welch RM, Graham RD. 2004. Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. Journal of Experimental Botany 55(396), 353–364.
Welch RM, Shuman DL. 1995. Micronutrient Nutrition of Plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 14(1), 49-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/07352689509
Welch RM, Webb MJ, Loneragan JF. 1982. Zinc in membrane function and its role in phosphorous toxicity. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Plant Nutrition Colloquium (pp. 710–715). Warwick, U.K, pp. 710–715.
World Health Organization. 2002. Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva, Switzerland.
Xi-wen Y, Xiao-hong T, Xin-chun L, J GW, Yu-xian C. 2011. Foliar zinc fertilization improves the zinc nutritional value of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grain. 10(66), 14778–14785.
Yosefi K, Galavi M, Ramrodi M, Mousavi SR. 2011. Effect of bio-phosphate and chemical phosphorus fertilizer accompanied with micronutrient foliar application on growth , yield and yield components of maize (Single Cross 704). Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(2), 175–180.
Yoshida S, Tanaka A. 1969. Zinc deficiency of the rice plant in calcareous soils. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 15(2), 75–80.
A review- Zinc role in crop production.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 14(6), 207-216, June 2019.
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)