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Risk assessment of arsenic and heavy metals of drinking water in coastal area: Case for Taluka Keti Bandar, Sindh, Pakistan

By: Abdul Raheem Shar, Ghulam Qadir Shar, Mushtaque Ali Jakhrani, Wahid Bux Jatoi, Atta Hussain Rind, Noor Ul Hassan Shar, Noor Zaman, Ghulam Mujtaba Jogi, Amjad Hussain Soomro, Zubeda Bhatti

Key Words: Keti bandar, Hazard quotient, Cancer risk, Manjhi khan baloch, Sajjan wari, Atomic absorption spectrophotometer

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(6), 52-64, June 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0290 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The current research work was carried out to examine concentration of Arsenic and heavy metals in the water used   by   the   population   of   area.   From   study   area,   samples   were   collected   from   sixteen   towns/villages for measurement of heavy metals including arsenic. The DMS coordinates were also measured using GPS device from sampling points. The depth observed for sampling points was in the range of 15-25 feet. Heavy metal levels were determined with the help of Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Arsenic kit method was employed for arsenic analysis from water samples.  Concentration  of  Fe,  Cu  and  Zn  were  found  below  WHO  limit  in  all samples.  Arsenic was found higher than WHO limit in villages Baghan Town, Manjhi Khan Baloch, Haji Qadir Bux Baloch, Sajjan Wari, M. Hassan Perozani Baloch, Haji Yaqoob Memon, Muhammad Essa  Khaskheli, Esso Baloch  and Ali Muhammad  Utradi.  Cadmium  was  found  above  permissible  limit  in  all  villages  except  Village Muhammad  Essa Khaskheli.  Higher Mn  concentration  was  observed  in  drinking  water  of  Village  Pir  Usman  Shah  Jhaloo  only. Higher Ni content in villages, Haji Qadir Bux Baloch, M. Hassan Perozani Baloch, Haji Yaqoob Memon, M. Essa Khaskheli and Ranamori was found. HQs were found in the order of As> Cd> Cr> Cu>Mn> Ni> Zn> Fe and the ranges of cancer risks were observed as As (0.00006-0.00031), Cd (0.00004-0.00051), Cr (0.00044-0.00076), Mn (0.00011-0.00072), Ni (0.00020-0.00032), Fe (0.00037-0.00122), Cu (0.00037-0.00392) and Zn (0.00049-0.00355) mgkg-1day-1.

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Risk assessment of arsenic and heavy metals of drinking water in coastal area: Case for Taluka Keti Bandar, Sindh, Pakistan

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Abdul Raheem Shar, Ghulam Qadir Shar, Mushtaque Ali Jakhrani, Wahid Bux Jatoi, Atta Hussain Rind, Noor Ul Hassan Shar, Noor Zaman, Ghulam Mujtaba Jogi, Amjad Hussain Soomro, Zubeda Bhatti.
Risk assessment of arsenic and heavy metals of drinking water in coastal area: Case for Taluka Keti Bandar, Sindh, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 16(6), 52-64, June 2020.
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